1.         Samarra Archaeological City (Iraq) (C 276rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2007

Criteria  (ii)(iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2007-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

State of conflict in the country that does not allow the responsible authorities to assure the protection and management of the property.

Corrective measures identified

Not yet identified

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Not yet established

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: 100,000 USD from the Nordic World Heritage Fund for training and documentation aiming at the preparation of the Nomination File.

Previous monitoring missions

June 2011: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2014

On 29 January 2014, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/276/documents/.  The report presents work carried out by the State Party for the conservation and management of the property, mainly in regard to:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party has implemented a number of conservation interventions and has placed a lot of attention on safeguarding the historical integrity and authenticity, through the analysis of the historical evolution and documentation of prior interventions, of built heritage.  However, in spite of these efforts no clear course of action has been defined to comprehensively address the overall conservation of the property and to carry out priority stabilization measures at the main components of the site. The importance of completing baseline documentation and carrying out a detailed condition survey, as requested by the Committee, to draw up a conservation action plan, should be underscored. With budgets for interventions currently secured, it would be essential that these actions be implemented promptly to establish a clear roadmap for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger.

New construction is foreseen at the property although no details on technical specifications or location in relation to the historic remains have been provided. Although having adequate facilities will be important to address staffing issues and future visitor use, these works need careful planning to ensure that no negative impacts on the visual qualities of the property occur.

Finally, initiating the formulation of a Management Plan for the property would provide the adequate framework to comprehensively address issues of concern, in particular a comprehensive conservation strategy, a public use plan, the potential development of infrastructure, and the definition of regulatory measures for the buffer zone to ensure the protection of the property.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 7A.3

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC-14/38.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 36 COM 7A.25, adopted at its 37th session (Phnom Penh, 2013),
  3. Welcomes the efforts made by the State Party in the implementation of a restoration programme for the property;
  4. Reiterates the need for the State Party to pursue its efforts and prioritise the implementation of the following, as requested by the Committee in its Decision 37 COM7A.25:
    1. Develop baseline documentation, including missing architectural plans and topographic surveys, carry out a detailed conservation condition survey,
    2. Undertake identified preventive conservation actions to ensure the stability of the built fabric,
    3. Identify regulatory measures to ensure the protection of the property and establish protocols for the approval of public works in the vicinity of the site, including the development of heritage and environmental impact assessments,
    4. Initiate the planning process for the development of the Management Plan for the property, including a comprehensive conservation plan,
    5. Establish a site management unit with adequate staff to implement priority conservation measures as well as maintenance and monitoring actions;
  5. Also reiterates its request to the State Party to develop, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, proposals for corrective measures and for the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger, together with a proposed timeframe for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015;
  6. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2015, an updated report, including a 1-page executive summary, on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 39th session in 2015;
  7. Decides to retain Samarra Archaeological City (Iraq) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 38 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-14/38.COM/7A and WHC-14/38.COM/7A.Add),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: