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Tyre

Lebanon
Factors affecting the property in 1998*
  • Commercial development
  • Erosion and siltation/ deposition
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Human resources
  • Illegal activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Need for an international safeguarding campaign
  • Construction of a tourist complex (land fill) (issue resolved)
  • Construction project of a large fish market
  • Construction project of a coastal motorway
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1998
Requests approved: 1 (from 1986-1986)
Total amount approved : 4,000 USD
1986 Consultancy to evaluate damage to Tyre (Approved)   4,000 USD
Missions to the property until 1998**

March 1995: UNESCO mission

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1998

The International Campaign for the Safeguarding of Tyre was officially launched by the Director-General of UNESCO on 3 March 1998.  On this occasion, the Director-General declared the creation of the special fund for the safeguarding of Tyre. As a first urgent measure, a sum of $100,000 will be used to finance conservation works, $75,000 of which coming from the Regular Programme of UNESCO and $25,000 from the World Monuments Fund.  The declaration is expected to stimulate co-operation for the safeguarding of Tyre.  The following actions are expected to be carried out rapidly in the framework of the Campaign:

  • the Minister of Culture will create a superior scientific council;
  • a mission of a town-planner architect will be undertaken to set up an  overall plan for the city of Tyre;
  • the first meeting of the council will be organized to establish a detailed action plan.

However, the Centre was informed through an NGO that new infrastructure road works were threatening the underwater archaeological remains at the northern entrance of the city. It requested the Directorate General of Antiquities to submit urgently a report on this matter and the Centre to investigate as well.

Action Required
After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau congratulates the Lebanese authorities for their official launch of the international campaign of Tyre.  The Bureau encourages the Lebanese authorities to continue the Campaign in co-operation with UNESCO and requests the Secretariat to promote it broadly.  Finally, the Bureau urges the Lebanese authorities to immediately halt all works endangering the heritage of Tyre, to reinforce co-operation between the national institutions involved in the region of Tyre, and to improve control mechanisms in order to prevent any additional destruction of the heritage of the region.

22nd extraordinary session of the Bureau in 1998:

 In September 1998, the Minister of Public Works of Lebanon asked for a meeting with the Secretariat and with the President of the International Association for the Safeguarding of Tyre. At this meeting which was also attended by a UNESCO consultant working on the Master Plan of Tyre, the Minister presented the work undertaken and planned by his Ministry and requested UNESCO to provide assistance to secure the proper integration of archaeology in the Master Plan and in his Ministry’s works. The Division of Cultural Heritage of UNESCO, in charge of the international campaign launched in March 1998, will send the consultant on a monthly basis to Beirut to meet the request of the Ministry of Public Works.

Decision required:
The Bureau may wish to adopt the following text and transmit it to the Committee for noting:
«After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau welcomed the request of the Ministry of Public Works and recommended UNESCO to reinforce its co-operation with the Lebanese authorities in preparing the master plan of Tyre. The Bureau also requested UNESCO to look into the possibility of a permanent presence of specialists in Tyre for the duration of the Campaign.»

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1998

In September 1998, the Minister of Public Works of Lebanon was invited to meeting with the Secretariat and with the President of the International Association for the Safeguarding of Tyre. At this meeting, which was also attended by a UNESCO consultant working on the Master Plan of Tyre, the Minister presented the work undertaken and planned by his Ministry and requested UNESCO to provide assistance to secure the proper integration of archaeology in the Master Plan and in his Ministry’s works. The Division of Cultural Heritage of UNESCO, in charge of the international campaign launched in March 1998, had already started this technical support by sending an expert in urban planning in July 1998, whose report has now been transmitted to the Lebanese authorities.

After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat, the Bureau welcomed the request of the Ministry of Public Works to be advised by UNESCO and recommended that the co-operation between the Lebanese authorities and UNESCO in preparing the Master Plan of Tyre be reinforced. The Bureau also requested

  • that the safeguarding of the archaeological and historical areas of Tyre be considered by the Lebanese authorities as a top priority in the preparation of this Master Plan and
  • that any infrastructural work within the site be suspended until the adoption of this Master Plan.
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1998
22 BUR V.B.52
Tyr (Lebanon)

After having taken note of the report of the Secretariat and the information provided by the Delegate of Lebanon, the Bureau congratulated the Lebanese authorities for the official launch of the International Campaign of Tyre. The Bureau encouraged the Lebanese authorities to continue the Campaign in co-operation with UNESCO, and requested the Secretariat to promote it broadly. Finally, the Bureau urged the Lebanese authorities to immediately halt all works endangering the heritage of Tyre, to reinforce co-operation between the national institutions involved in the region of Tyr and to improve control mechanisms in order to prevent any additional destruction of the heritage of the region.

22 COM VII.43
Reports on the State of Conservation of Cultural Properties Noted by the Committee

VII.43 The Committee noted the decisions of the twenty-second extraordinary session of the Bureau as reflected in the Report of the Bureau session (Working Document WHC-98/CONF.203/5) and included in Annex IV of this report on the following properties:

Rapa Nui National Park (Chile)

The Mountain Resort and Its Outlying Temples in Chengde (China)

The Potala Palace, Lhasa (China)

Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu (China)

Ancient Building Complex in the Wudang Mountains (China)

City of Quito (Ecuador)

Memphis and its Necropolis - the Pyramid Fields from Giza to Dahshur (Egypt)

Ancient Thebes with its Necropolis (Egypt)

Islamic Cairo (Egypt)

Historic Centre (Old Town) of Tallinn (Estonia)

Collegiate Church, Castle and Old Town in Quedlinburg (Germany)

Historic Centre of Florence (Italy)

Quseir Amra (Jordan)

Luang Prabang (Laos)

Baalbek (Lebanon)

Tyre (Lebanon)

Vilnius Historic Centre (Lithuania)

Old Towns of Djenné (Mali)

City of Cusco (Peru)

Archaeological site of Chavin (Peru)

Historic Centre of Lima (Peru)

The Baroque Churches of the Philippines (The Philippines)

Historic Centre of Porto (Portugal)

Island of Gorée (Senegal)

Sacred City of Anuradhapura (Sri Lanka)

Ancient City of Polonnaruva (Sri Lanka)

Ancient City of Sigiriya (Sri Lanka)

Site of Palmyra (Syrian Arab Republic)

Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey)

Kiev: Saint Sophia Cathedral and Related Monastic Buildings (Ukraine)

Complex of Hué Monuments (Vietnam)

Old City of Sana'a (Yemen)

No draft Decision

Report year: 1998
Lebanon
Date of Inscription: 1984
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iii)(vi)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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