1.         Iguaçu National Park (Brazil) (N 355)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1986

Criteria  (vii)(x)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1999-2001

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/355/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/355/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions


Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports


Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/355/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2004

The Committee at its 25th session (Helsinki, 2001) removed Iguaçu National Park from the List of World Heritage in Danger after the State Party had taken the necessary measures to close down an illegal road that crossed the Park.  The Committee requested a UNESCO / IUCN joint mission to take place in 2002 / 2003 to prepare a status report for submission to its 27th session in 2003.  Although the State Party extended an invitation in 2003, there was not enough time to organize a mission whose report could be presented to the Committee in June 2003.


In early October 2003, a group of over 300 people invaded the Park, destroyed park buildings and several hectares of forest plantations and reopened the Estrada do Colono road.  The State Party was able to remove these people from the road and close it once again within a few days, but the situation in the region has since remained politically sensitive as the debate over the road and whether it should remain closed or be opened continues.  For these reasons, the State Party requested that the mission that had been planned for late February 2004 be postponed.  Negotiations are now taking place to set a definite date for a mission in 2004.  The report of this mission will be presented in time for examination by the Committee at its 29th session in 2005. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre and IUCN


Decision Adopted: 28 COM 15B.32

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Noting with concern that the forced opening of the Colono Road continues to be a potential threat to Iguaçu National Park,

2. Urges the State Party to work with local communities to resolve the on-going concerns over the re-opening of the Colono Road for local use;

3. Requests the State Party to provide all the necessary assistance to the World Heritage Centre and IUCN to carry out a mission as soon as possible so that a detailed report can be presented in time for examination by the Committee at its 29th session in 2005.