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Date of Submission: 05/02/2008
Criteria: (vii)(viii)(ix)(x)
Category: Natural
Submitted by:
Iranian Cultural Heritage, Handicrafts and Tourism Organization
State, Province or Region:
Tehran Province
Ref.: 5278

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Mount Damavand is the highest elevation about 5628m a. l. s. in Iran. It is an inactive volcanic mountain which was activated in Quaternary Period. It has numerous thermal springs. The peak of Damavand covers permanently snow during the entire year. The most important thermal springs are Ask and Larijan. The Flora and Fauna is very rich and include about 2000 plant species. There are numerous endemic species which are important to Flora of world.

Justification of Outstanding Universal Value

VII. This volcanic mountain activated in Quaternary Period and it is the one of the highest elevations in the world.

VIII. The presence of several thermal springs and rich Flora and various plant communities.

IX. It is an inactive Vulcan with beautiful landscapes specially in spring due to distinct species such as Tulipa, Iris and etc.

X. Due to presence of endemic species and beautiful landscape, it should be protected.

Statements of authenticity and/or integrity

Rich flora and endemic species and also endangered plants.

Comparison with other similar properties

Mount Damavand is one of the unique volcanic mountains including of special rich Flora andplant communities in Iran and of the world.