Take advantage of the search to browse through the World Heritage Centre information.

Quebrada de Humahuaca

Argentina
Factors affecting the property in 2021*
  • Crop production
  • Flooding
  • Housing
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Major linear utilities
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
Factors identified at the time of inscription:
  • Incomplete Management Plan
  • Flooding risk
  • Urbanization, Re-building/building extensions
  • Intensification of Agricultural processes
  • Antennae/Electric power lines
  • Increasing tourist pressure
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2021
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2021**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2021

On 30 January 2020 the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1116/documents/, in response to an official letter sent by the World Heritage Centre on 4 December 2019 that requested information on various conservation and management issues of concern. The report and its annexes provide the following information:

  • The property’s Management Plan adopted in 2008 has not been fully implemented. Most of the advances to date were towards the development of the Land Management and Environment Programme. This Programme was finalized in 2018 with the approval of the Provincial Law No. 6099, "Territorial Ordinance, land use and segmentation" and it addresses several components such as management, environmental and legal framework throughout the province;
  • The Management Institute of Quebrada de Humahuaca has not been established as recommended in the 2008 Management Plan. As a result, the administration of the property is carried out by the Management and Administration Unit of Quebrada de Humahuaca (UGAQH), which falls within the Secretariat of Culture of Argentina;
  • The development of an updated Management Plan for 2020-2028 is proposed, using a participatory methodology with the local communities, local and regional governments, as well as representatives of the national government with jurisdiction in the Quebrada de Humahuaca area;
  • A Disaster Risk Management Plan is foreseen to be developed within the updated Management Plan 2020-2028 framework, using as working basis the Risk Assessment carried out in December 2018 in the Xth National Seminar of World Heritage Site Administrators in Buenos Aires;
  • The Tren Jujuy-La Quiaca railway project intends to reactivate the railway route from San Salvador de Jujuy to La Quiaca that halted its operations in 1993. The project also foresees the rehabilitation of original railway stations of the route, as well as the construction of new supporting infrastructure in order to respond to contemporary uses. An Environmental Impact Assessment of this project was undertaken and approved by the Ministry of Environment of the Jujuy province (Ministerio de Ambiente de la Provincia de Jujuy);
  • Other current ongoing project proposals are the paving of the transit road “Paso de Jama”, which connects the Northwest of Argentina with the Pacific ports in the North of Chile, and a Water Basin Management project for the Rio Grande and its tributaries;
  • The Land Management and Environment Programme, technical information on the segment Jujuy-La Quiaca railway project and several documents regarding legal framework of the property are all included in annex to the report.
Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2021

The State Party has made significant advances in addressing the recommendations of the World Heritage Committee at the time of inscription, including the incorporation of Quebrada de Humahuaca as part of the Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System and the preparation in 2008 of a Management Plan for the property. Taking into consideration that a segment of the property was inscribed as part of Qhapaq Ñan, Andean Road System, it is recommended that the Committee encourage the State Party to consolidate coordination efforts between the management systems in place for both properties to ensure consistency in approaches and decision-making, so as to respect the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of both properties.

Despite advances in the implementation of the 2008 Management Plan, such as the development of a Land Management and Environment Programme, a Water Basin Systematization Programme and some specific programmes of action, it is regrettable that the Management Plan has not been fully implemented and no Management Effectiveness Assessment has been put in place.

The State Party’s intention to develop an updated Management Plan for 2020-2028 is welcomed as a much-needed planning tool, which should include an updated sustainable tourism strategy, the development of a Disaster Risk Management Plan, and specific studies on the impact of tourism on the property.

It is noted with extreme concern that the Jujuy train railway project continues to be developed, and that no Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) of the project has been submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review. An Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was undertaken but was not submitted to the World Heritage Centre for review. The information submitted by the State Party indicates that the railway project aims to reactivate and refurbish the railway route, and the original railway station buildings. Furthermore, due to the railway’s inactivity and the impact that the tracks suffered from natural phenomena in recent years, the possibility of creating an alternative route to the current one is being considered, in order to avoid permanent risk to the railway infrastructure. As such, the State Party should provide further information on the project’s implementation, as well as a completed HIA, in line with ICOMOS Guidance on Heritage Impact Assessment for Cultural World Heritage properties.

The planning of several other interventions in the property, such as the Water Basin Management project and the paving of the transit road “Paso de Jama”, all of which no further detailed information was provided regarding its implementation, and as no HIAs have been submitted for evaluation, it might also be of concern.

In view of the above, it is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to invite an ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to the property to assess the current state of conservation of the property and the effectiveness of management mechanisms and to evaluate the impact of planned and ongoing projects on the OUV of the property.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2021
44 COM 7B.62
Quebrada de Humahuaca (Argentina) (C 1116)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 27 COM 8C.17, adopted at its 27th session (UNESCO, 2003),
  3. Regrets that until date the 2008 Management Plan has not been fully implemented;
  4. Welcomes the State Party initiative to develop an updated Management Plan 2020-2028 and urges it to submit this Plan to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for review as soon as possible;
  5. Encourages the State Party to consolidate coordination efforts between the management systems in place for Qhapaq Ñan Andean Road System and Quebrada de Humahuaca, to ensure consistency in approaches and decision-making, so as to protect the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of both properties;
  6. Acknowledges that the development of a Disaster Risk Management Plan is foreseen in the updated Management Plan and requests the State Party to submit it, for review by the Advisory Bodies, as soon as feasible;
  7. Notes with concern the advances in the implementation of the Jujuy – La Quiaca Train Project and also urges the State Party to develop a Heritage Impact Assessment, in line with ICOMOS Guidance on Heritage Impact Assessment for Cultural World Heritage properties, of the project before any further construction is carried out, and also requests the State Party to submit it as soon as possible along with the Environmental Impact Assessment undertaken with regard to the Jujuy Train railway project, both for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
  8. Notes that construction work is foreseen at the Rio Grande and its affluents as part of the Water Basin Management project and reminds the State Party that such projects must be submitted for review of the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, before works commence or any irreversible decision is made;
  9. Further requests the State Party to invite an ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to the property, in order to assess its current state of conservation and the effectiveness of management mechanisms, and to evaluate the impact of the planned and ongoing projects on the OUV of the property;
  10. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session.
Draft Decision: 44 COM 7B.62

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 27 COM 8C.17, adopted at its 27th session (UNESCO, 2003),
  3. Regrets that until date the 2008 Management Plan has not been fully implemented;
  4. Welcomes the State Party initiative to develop an updated Management Plan 2020-2028 and urges it to submit this Plan to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies for review as soon as possible;
  5. Encourages the State Party to consolidate coordination efforts between the management systems in place for Qhapaq Ñan Andean Road System and Quebrada de Humahuaca, to ensure consistency in approaches and decision-making, so as to protect the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of both properties;
  6. Acknowledges that the development of a Disaster Risk Management Plan is foreseen in the updated Management Plan and requests the State Party to submit it, for review by the Advisory Bodies, as soon as feasible;
  7. Notes with concern the advances in the implementation of the Jujuy – La Quiaca Train Project and also urges the State Party to develop a Heritage Impact Assessment, in line with ICOMOS Guidance on Heritage Impact Assessment for Cultural World Heritage properties, of the project before any further construction is carried out, and also requests the State Party to submit it as soon as possible along with the Environmental Impact Assessment undertaken with regard to the Jujuy Train railway project, both for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
  8. Notes that construction work is foreseen at the Rio Grande and its affluents as part of the Water Basin Management project and reminds the State Party that such projects must be submited for review of the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, before works commence or any irreversible decision is made;
  9. Further requests the State Party to invite an ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to the property, in order to assess its current state of conservation and the effectiveness of management mechanisms, and to evaluate the impact of the planned and ongoing projects on the OUV of the property;
  10. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session in 2023.
Report year: 2021
Argentina
Date of Inscription: 2003
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (ii)(iv)(v)
Documents examined by the Committee
Initialy proposed for examination in 2020
arrow_circle_right 44COM (2021)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


top