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Göbekli Tepe

Türkiye
Factors affecting the property in 2021*
  • Ground transport infrastructure
  • Housing
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Quarrying
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

Factors identified at the time of inscription:

  • Developments around the property that may have an effect on the landscape and visual integrity and archaeological potential of the property
  • Proposed railway line at the site
  • Visual impact of the irrigation zone to the south-east and quarry to the west of the property
  • Need to strengthen the protection measures for the buffer zone 
  • Development of the management plan 
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2021
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2021**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2021

On 6 December 2019, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property, the executive summary of which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1572/documents/. The report presents the State Party’s progress with a number of conservation issues addressed by the Committee at the time of inscription, as follows:

  • Details of the legal designations in place are provided. These are the means of implementing protective measures, including monitoring developments within and/or around the property that may have a negative impact;
  • The proposed railway line has been re-located to run approximately 4.5km from the property. Documentation will be provided to the World Heritage Centre in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines. Impact assessments for proposed interventions will be undertaken, if deemed necessary;
  • The visual impact of the irrigation channel, though still visible to a limited extent from the property, has been reduced following its completion and removal of rubble. The limestone quarry is not considered visually intrusive due to its location and scale;
  • The Sanliurfa Regional Council for Conservation of Cultural Properties will re-assess the 3rd degree archaeological conservation area (the buffer zone) based on the results of field surveys to be carried out in 2020-2025. In the interim, the Council will not give consent for development within the buffer zone, with the exception of compulsory infrastructure;
  • Regarding the development of the Management Plan, and the Committee’s request to provide a full conservation plan, the State Party reports that the property has an operational conservation plan and outlines a number of current conservation measures and funding applications. The conservation plan is being revised in this context. The issue of risk preparedness is an integral part of the existing conservation strategy under review. On-site staff to carry out the management of the property have been appointed. The issue of sustainable tourism development and infrastructure is covered in the management plan and will be an integral part of the visitor Management Plan. A protocol has been developed between the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and the Sanliurfa Tourism Development Corporation to prepare the visitor management plan and a baseline survey work has been completed.
Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2021

Progress has been made in relation to some of the Committee’s recommendations at the time of inscription. In particular, the ongoing development of the Management Plan is welcome, as is the appointment of staff to carry out the task of site manager, and the preparation of a visitor Management Plan, which will incorporate tourism management.

However, there are elements, which require further work, such as the full conservation plan to underpin a well-planned, resourced and long-term approach. Some immediate actions and funding applications are noted.  It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to submit a full conservation plan, as part of a revised Management Plan, to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies, prior to its adoption.

In relation to strengthening the protection measures for the buffer zone, the State Party’s commitment to re-assess the 3rd degree archaeological conservation area, based on the results of a survey to be initiated in 2020, is welcome. In the interim, the State Party commits not to give consent for any development in the buffer zone, with the exception of compulsory infrastructure. As compulsory infrastructure is also mentioned in relation to the proposed railway, and recognizing that such projects could affect the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) and do not appear to be covered by legal protective designations, it is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to clarify how it formally assesses the impacts of such infrastructure.

The State Party’s response to the Committee’s recommendation on the irrigation canal and quarry is noted, although the reasons for the Committee’s recommendation remain valid. The photographs provided by the State Party appear to illustrate the negative visual impact of the irrigation canal and the quarry as visible from the property. It is recommended that active amelioration measures are implemented to reduce their visual impact.

The State Party indicates that the proposed railway line is now planned to be located 4.5km to the south and south-east of the property, and commits to providing the necessary documentation to the World Heritage Centre and Advisory Bodies. Given the scale and potential impacts of this proposed development, it is recommended that the Committee reiterate its request to the State Party to develop a Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) of the proposed railway line to submit to the World Heritage Centre before its construction. 

The State Party details the designations that are in place to protect the property, the buffer zone and the management zone. However, there is no indication of how these designations are being actively used in the management system to ensure the long-term preservation of the property and its OUV.  The ICOMOS evaluation considered that the conditions of integrity and authenticity of the site are highly vulnerable due to the potential negative impact of future development projects and the limited nature of the documentation for the buffer zone and the management zone. In this context, it is recommended that the Committee reiterate its recommendation to the State Party to closely monitor the potential negative impact of developments around the property.  

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2021
44 COM 7B.57
Göbekli Tepe (Turkey) (C 1572)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 42 COM 8B.34, adopted at its 42nd session (Manama, 2018),
  3. Takes note of the progress accomplished by the State Party, and requests that it continues working on the issues identified at the time of inscription, by:
    1. Closely monitoring developments around the property that may have an impact on landscape and the integrity and archaeological potential of the property, including by providing a clarification of how the impact of ‘compulsory infrastructure’ is assessed,
    2. Carrying out a Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) of the proposed railway line to the south of the site and its development and submitting it to the World Heritage Centre for review, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, before the project’s construction,
    3. Taking active amelioration measures to ensure that the visual impact of the irrigation channel in the management zone and south-east of the property, and the visual impact of the quarry to the west, are reduced,
    4. Continuing to re-assess the degree of statutory protection of the buffer zone based on the results of ongoing field surveys,
    5. Further developing and strengthening the Management Plan, by:
      1. Developing a full conservation plan as the basis for a well-planned and long-term conservation approach (with an associated action plan and dedicated resources),
      2. Based on existing documentation and further work, developing a risk preparedness plan, based on the Resource Manual Managing Disaster Risks at World Heritage (2010),
      3. Continuing the development of the visitor management plan, including a tourism Management Plan and actions, time schedules and dedicated resources,
      4. Through the site manager and other staff on site, expanding the effectiveness of the monitoring system by ensuring regular reporting on conservation work, risk assessment, visitor satisfaction, community involvement and broader environmental indicators, and submitting the reports to the World Heritage Centre;
  4. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session.
Draft Decision: 44 COM 7B.57

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 42 COM 8B.34, adopted at its 42nd session (Manama, 2018),
  3. Takes note of the progress accomplished by the State Party, and requests that it continues working on the issues identified at the time of inscription, by:
    1. Closely monitoring developments around the property that may have an impact on landscape and the integrity and archaeological potential of the property, including by providing a clarification of how the impact of ‘compulsory infrastructure’ is assessed,
    2. Carrying out a Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) of the proposed railway line to the south of the site and its development and submitting it to the World Heritage Centre for review, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, before the project’s construction,
    3. Taking active amelioration measures to ensure that the visual impact of the irrigation channel in the management zone and south-east of the property, and the visual impact of the quarry to the west, are reduced,
    4. Continuing to re-assess the degree of statutory protection of the buffer zone based on the results of ongoing field surveys,
    5. Further developing and strengthening the Management Plan, by:
      1. Developing a full conservation plan as the basis for a well-planned and long-term conservation approach (with an associated action plan and dedicated resources),
      2. Based on existing documentation and further work, developing a risk preparedness plan, based on the Resource Manual Managing Disaster Risks at World Heritage (2010),
      3. Continuing the development of the visitor management plan, including a tourism Management Plan and actions, time schedules and dedicated resources,
      4. Through the site manager and other staff on site, expanding the effectiveness of the monitoring system by ensuring regular reporting on conservation work, risk assessment, visitor satisfaction, community involvement and broader environmental indicators, and submitting the reports to the World Heritage Centre;
  4. Also requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session in 2023.
Report year: 2021
Türkiye
Date of Inscription: 2018
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iv)
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2019) .pdf
Initialy proposed for examination in 2020
arrow_circle_right 44COM (2021)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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