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Hill Forts of Rajasthan

India
Factors affecting the property in 2018*
  • Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
  • Housing
  • Illegal activities
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Industrial areas
  • Mining
  • Other Threats:

    Vulnerabilities of certain individual structures within the forts requiring short-term conservation actions

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Housing (Urban development in wider setting of Chittorgarh Fort)
  • Mining (Industrial mining activities in wider setting of Chittorgarh Fort)
  • Management systems / Management Plan (Interpretation strategy for the overall ensembles of palaces, temples and fortifications)
  • Management activities (Vulnerabilities of certain individual structures within the forts requiring short-term conservation actions at Jaisalmer and Chittorgarh Forts)
  • Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure
  • Illegal activities
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Industrial areas
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2018
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2018**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 1 February 2017, the State Party provided to the World Heritage Centre the studies on mining in the setting of Chittorgarh Fort and information on the consolidation measures for the Kumbhalgarh Fort. On 30 November 2017, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/247/documents/ and provides information on the actions undertaken to implement the decisions adopted by the Committee at its 40th session, as follows:

  • Following a one-day workshop held in July 2017, the Management Plan was revised to incorporate all suggestions provided by stakeholders. The Management Plan, along with its sub-plans for visitor management, risk preparedness and livelihood generation, is to be submitted to the World Heritage Centre;
  • Reports and documents dating from 2001 to 2003 and related to mining in the setting of Chittorgarh Fort were submitted to the World Heritage Centre in February 2017. A technical study by a committee of scientists was commissioned by the Supreme Court in 2012 to monitor the impact of mining, visitor and vehicular movement within the setting of the property;
  • Regarding the Kumbhalgarh Fort consolidation measures, the State Party reports that, in the framework of previous conservation projects, temples were restored and retained their authenticity. Further restoration and stabilisation of buildings is foreseen;
  • Additional information on numerous conservation and stabilisation activities at other sites within the property was provided in the State Party’s report.
Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2018

In 2015, the Committee recalled that, at the time of inscription, it was noted that the Management Plan for the Jaisalmer Fort, along with sub-plans including visitor management, risk preparedness, and livelihood generation for the local population, would be completed by the end of 2013, and expressed concern that no concrete progress appeared to have been made.

It is noted that the Management Plan for Jaisalmer Fort has still not been provided to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies. As pointed out in the report on Jaisalmer Fort, the issue of controlling unauthorized construction is being addressed in the Management Plan, which is currently under finalization, and legislative frameworks to control developments are being implemented. In view of several previous requests by the Committee for the completion of the Management Plan for Jaisalmer Fort, it is suggested that the Committee request the State Party to submit the completed Plan by 1 December 2018. The State Party should also provide an update on conservation work at Jaisalmer and more details on threats from unauthorized constructions and how these are being dealt with.

The documents submitted by the State Party on the impacts of mining relate to a period before 2012, when controls on mining were introduced to ensure that no mining or blasting can take place within 10 km of Chittorgarh Fort. In 2013, the Supreme Court relaxed these controls and permitted temporary mining with heavy machines within 10 km of Chittorgarh Fort – i.e. within 1 km of the property boundary – in order to analyze the impact on mining. The relaxed controls were only in force for four weeks. These measures were taken because a large mining company challenged the 2012 order by the Rajasthan High Court banning all mining and blasting activities within 10 km of the Chittorgarh Fort's wall. It is presumed that the survey results are still with the Supreme Court, as the State Party indicates that they are sub judice and cannot be provided.

It is therefore suggested that the Committee also request the State Party to provide further details of the legal challenge and, as the relaxation was only in place for a period of four weeks, to confirm that the 2012 ban on mining activities and blasting within 10 km of the Fort wall is still in force.

It is noted that the State Party has provided assurances that, after extensive consolidation works carried out in 2005 at Kumbhalgarh Fort, it is now in a good state of conservation.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2018
42 COM 7B.7
Hill Forts of Rajasthan (India) (C 247rev)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 7B.35 adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016);
  3. Regrets that, despite the Committee's repeated requests, the Management Plan for Jaisalmer Fort has not yet been provided to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies before its adoption, and urges the State Party to submit this document as a matter of priority, together with the requested sub-plans, by 1 December 2018;
  4. Requests the State Party to submit an update on progress with conservation and infrastructure work at Jaisalmer Fort, along with details of any unauthorised constructions and how these are being addressed;
  5. Notes that the legal challenge to the mining and blasting controls in the setting of Chittorgarh Fort introduced in 2012 is still being considered by the Supreme Court, and also requests the State Party to provide more details on this matter and, as the relaxation of these controls was only temporary, to confirm that they are still in place and enforced;
  6. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.
Draft Decision: 42 COM 7B.7

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 7B.35 adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016);
  3. Regrets that, despite the Committee's repeated requests, the Management Plan for Jaisalmer Fort has not yet been provided to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies before its adoption, and urges the State Party to submit this document as a matter of priority, together with the requested sub-plans, by 1December 2018;
  4. Requests the State Party to submit an update on progress with conservation and infrastructure work at Jaisalmer Fort, along with details of any unauthorised constructions and how these are being addressed;
  5. Notes that the legal challenge to the mining and blasting controls in the setting of Chittorgarh Fort introduced in 2012 is still being considered by the Supreme Court, and also requests the State Party to provide more details on this matter and, as the relaxation of these controls was only temporary, to confirm that they are still in place and enforced;
  6. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.
Report year: 2018
India
Date of Inscription: 2013
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (ii)(iii)
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2017) .pdf
arrow_circle_right 42COM (2018)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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