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Iguazu National Park

Argentina
Factors affecting the property in 2018*
  • Governance
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Water infrastructure
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Water infrastructure (Proposed hydropower dams)
  • Governance (lack of transboundary cooperation, uncoordinated development)
  • Illegal activities (logging and hunting) (issue resolved)
  • Management systems/management plan (problems associated with public use and lack of a public use plan)
  • Invasive / alien species (issue resolved)
  • Lack of sustainable financing (issue resolved)
  • Impacts of tourism/visitor/recreation
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2018
Requests approved: 1 (from 2001-2001)
Total amount approved : 20,000 USD
Missions to the property until 2018**

September 2006: UNESCO mission; April 2008: World Heritage Centre / IUCN Reactive Monitoring mission

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 27 December 2017, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation of the property, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/303/documents/ and provides the following information:

  • The new Iguazú National Park Management Plan 2017-2023 was completed in 2017 and at the time of the submission of the report, the plan was in the final stages of approval process. The current version of the plan was made publically available online in August 2017 upon conclusion of the elaboration and consultation process, which involved multiple stakeholders, including local communities and representatives from the neighbouring Iguaçu National Park World Heritage property in Brazil. A buffer zone and a zoning regime within the park are defined by the plan;
  • A Monitoring Committee will examine the development and success of the 44 projects identified to support the plan’s implementation and that respond to the main medium-term goals for the property’s conservation and management, out of which 15 are already part of existing cooperation agreements with Iguaçu National Park in Brazil;
  • The red soil stretch of the National Route 101 (RN101) that crosses the property was identified as one of the nine key conservation values in the new Management Plan for its importance for nature-based tourism, as well as the fact that the route is frequently crossed by jaguars. Therefore, its preservation in the current unpaved state, including its aesthetic importance, is included as one of the objectives of the new Management Plan. There are no plans for paving or otherwise modifying RN101 at this time. A dialogue was initiated with the National Roads Department in order to discuss an agreement that would recognize the special status of the road, given that it crosses the national park, and provide a platform for the elaboration of a long-term Management Plan for the road;
  • Joint activities with the adjacent Iguaçu National Park in Brazil have increased, including joint patrolling and monitoring activities and mutual contribution to the updating of Management Plans in both parks. Various meetings were held in 2017 focused on different topics of common interest. In January 2017, a joint meeting was held between both parks’ authorities to determine Projects of Common Interest, the results of which are considered a promising step towards designing and implementing a joint strategy for conservation and management activities in the neighbouring properties.
Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2018

The elaboration and submission of a new Management Plan for the property is welcomed. It is currently being reviewed by IUCN who may provide comments and recommendations to the State Party as appropriate. It is noted that the new plan defines a buffer zone for Iguazú National Park, and it is recommended that the Committee encourage the State Party to develop and submit to the World Heritage Centre a proposal for a Minor Boundary Modification, in order to officially establish a buffer zone for the property as considered appropriate.

Increased cooperation with the neighbouring Iguaçu National Park in Brazil should be welcomed, in particular, the joint meeting in January 2017 in which a preliminary plan to address Projects of Common Interest was defined. It is recommended that the Committee request the States Parties of Argentina and Brazil to continue their efforts in strengthening transboundary cooperation with regards to the management of the two adjacent properties. It is also recommended that the Committee request the two States Parties to clarify whether additional actions are planned in order to further formalize transboundary cooperation, following the signing of a letter of intent between the Administración de Parques Nacionales de Argentina, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio), the Iguazú National Park in Argentina and the Iguaçu National Park in Brazil in 2016, which was welcomed by the Committee in its Decisions 40 COM 7B.69 and 40 COM 7B.70.

The information provided by the State Party regarding the RN101 is noted, and the confirmation that no plans exist for paving or modifying the road that crosses the property should be welcomed. It should, however, be recalled that concerns have also previously been raised regarding future developments to the road, including beyond the property’s boundaries. The new Management Plan also notes an increase in traffic on the road due to the paving of sections outside the property as one of the threats to the property’s values due to increase in noise, risk of collision with wildlife and illegal extraction of flora and fauna. The plan further notes, as a potential threat, the existing political pressure to pave the entire RN101, including the stretch within the property. However, while it is stated that no plans currently exist for altering the road within the property, no detailed information is provided by the State Party regarding plans for the development of other road sections outside the property’s boundaries, and it is therefore recommended that the Committee request clarification as to whether any plans exist for extension or further paving of the road outside the property, which might potentially affect the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV). It is further noted that it is foreseen to develop, in consultation with the National Roads Department, a long-term Management Plan for the road since it crosses the property. It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to ensure that conservation of the property’s OUV is fully taken into account in the development of the plan.

The construction of the Baixo Iguaçu hydropower dam is discussed in detail in the report on the state of conservation for Iguaçu National Park (Brazil) (see Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B, item 84), where it is recommended that the State Party of Brazil be requested by the Committee to ensure that an overall comprehensive monitoring system is in place, both for aquatic fauna and water flow, which would allow oversight of the implementation of requirements and action plans developed for the hydropower project, and assess their effectiveness with regards to mitigation of possible negative impacts on the OUV of both properties, and that cooperation with the State Party of Argentina is established to address these issues.  It is therefore recommended that the Committee also request the State Party of Argentina to cooperate with the State Party of Brazil on this matter.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2018
42 COM 7B.83
Iguazu National Park (Argentina) (N 303)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 7B.69, adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
  3. Welcomes the finalization and submission of the updated Management Plan for the property and requests the State Party to ensure its formal adoption and begin its implementation as soon as possible;
  4. Takes note that the Management Plan defines a buffer zone for the property, and encourages the State Party to develop and submit a Minor Boundary Modification, as per Paragraphs 163 and 164 of the Operational Guidelines, to the World Centre for evaluation by the Advisory Bodies and adoption by the World Heritage Committee, in order to officially establish a buffer zone for the property as considered appropriate;
  5. Also welcomes the increased collaboration between the States Parties of Argentina and Brazil in the management of the adjacent properties Iguazú National Park and Iguaçu National Park, and also requests both States Parties to continue these efforts and to clarify whether additional actions are planned in order to further formalize transboundary cooperation, following the signing of a letter of intent between the Administración de Parques Nacionales de Argentina, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio), the Iguazú National Park in Argentina and the Iguaçu National Park in Brazil in 2016;
  6. Also takes note of the information provided by the State Party regarding National Route 101 (RN101) and the confirmation that no plans exist for paving or modifying the stretch of the road within the property, and further requests the State Party to clarify whether any plans exist for extension or further paving of the road outside the property, which might potentially affect its Outstanding Universal Value (OUV);
  7. Further takes note that the State Party foresees to develop, in consultation with the National Roads Department, a long-term Management Plan for RN101, and requests furthermore the State Party to ensure that conservation of the property’s OUV is fully taken into account in the development of such a plan;
  8. Takes note furthermore that the construction of the Baixo hydroelectric dam project in the vicinity of the neighbouring property of Iguaçu National Park in Brazil is currently underway, and therefore requests moreover the State Party of Argentina to cooperate with the State Party of Brazil on the development of a comprehensive overall monitoring system both for aquatic fauna and water flow, which would allow oversight of the implementation of requirements and action plans developed for the hydropower project, and assess their effectiveness with regards to mitigation of possible negative impacts on the OUV of the two properties;
  9. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.
Draft Decision: 42 COM 7B.83

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 7B.69, adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
  3. Welcomes the finalization and submission of the updated Management Plan for the property and requests the State Party to ensure its formal adoption and begin its implementation as soon as possible;
  4. Takes note that the Management Plan defines a buffer zone for the property, and encourages the State Party to develop and submit a Minor Boundary Modification, as per Paragraphs 163 and 164 of the Operational Guidelines, to the World Centre for evaluation by the Advisory Bodies and adoption by the World Heritage Committee, in order to officially establish a buffer zone for the property as considered appropriate;
  5. Also welcomes the increased collaboration between the States Parties of Argentina and Brazil in the management of the adjacent properties Iguazú National Park and Iguaçu National Park, and also requests both States Parties to continue these efforts and to clarify whether additional actions are planned in order to further formalize transboundary cooperation, following the signing of a letter of intent between the Administración de Parques Nacionales de Argentina, Chico Mendes Institute for Biodiversity Conservation (ICMBio), the Iguazú National Park in Argentina and the Iguaçu National Park in Brazil in 2016;
  6. Also takes note of the information provided by the State Party regarding National Route 101 (RN101) and the confirmation that no plans exist for paving or modifying the stretch of the road within the property, and further requests the State Party to clarify whether any plans exist for extension or further paving of the road outside the property, which might potentially affect its Outstanding Universal Value (OUV);
  7. Further takes note that the State Party foresees to develop, in consultation with the National Roads Department, a long-term Management Plan for RN101, and requests furthermore the State Party to ensure that conservation of the property’s OUV is fully taken into account in the development of such a plan;
  8. Takes note furthermore that the construction of the Baixo hydroelectric dam project in the vicinity of the neighbouring property of Iguaçu National Park in Brazil is currently underway, and therefore requests moreover the State Party of Argentina to cooperate with the State Party of Brazil on the development of a comprehensive overall monitoring system both for aquatic fauna and water flow, which would allow oversight of the implementation of requirements and action plans developed for the hydropower project, and assess their effectiveness with regards to mitigation of possible negative impacts on the OUV of the two properties;
  9. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.
Report year: 2018
Argentina
Date of Inscription: 1984
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2017) .pdf
arrow_circle_right 42COM (2018)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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