Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 2013
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1418/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1418/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Previous monitoring missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Threat identified at the time of inscription of the property:
Illustrative material see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1418/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2016
On 27 January 2016, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1418/documents. The report addresses the Committee’s specific requests at the time of inscription (Decision 37 COM 8B.29) as follows:
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The State Party has produced a detailed and comprehensive report on work undertaken since the inscription to address the requests of the Committee. In particular, the development of a Vision to overarch a holistic management approach is very welcome. This allows the management of the property as a cultural landscape to bring together work related to various different disciplines such as research, interpretation, visitor management, strengthened protection, and conservation in an iterative process whereby each disciplines reinforces the others.
The revised Management Plan is now a comprehensive document that clearly sets out the scope of the property, its OUV and the attributes of the various components sites in the context of their history. It clearly articulates the need for “sustainable relationships between people and Fujisan by looking forward at land utilization based on the historical land utilization of the areas at the foot of the mountain, together with maintaining and improving upon the hallmarks of beauty and divinity possessed by Fujisan”.
The issues that are being addressed cannot be easily “solved” or “completed”. The crucial need is to embed them within the management framework and to monitor the impact of work being undertaken. Some progress has already been made with the voluntary reduction of litter on the mountain as climbers become more aware of cultural and environmental issues, in the coordination of management for mountain routes, mountain huts and tractor routes; in assembling research on the multiple lower level routes and shrines to allow an understanding of religious approaches and different historical approaches during which the routes were used; and in strengthening coordination between different authorities to promote more effective use of planning policies. The removal of electric wires from key views of the mountain has also had a significant impact.
The scope and extent of the outlined programme are both impressive and absolutely necessary if the mountain – both its upper summit and lower flanks – is to be understood as a whole and as a place of religious and artistic inspiration in tune with its natural and cultural environments. The development pressures around the property are considerable and it is acknowledged that work on mapping the lower pilgrim routes must be done as soon as possible before development severely compromises essential links.
There has clearly been considerable energy put into addressing the issues since the inscription and this implies significant coordination between all the many authorities involved in the management of the property. If the momentum is to be maintained, there will be a need for strong coordination from the Fujisan World Cultural Heritage Council and effective sharing of information.
It is considered that the multidisciplinary work being undertaken is exemplary in its scope, aims and ambitions. In bringing together experts and communities, cultural and natural dimensions, spiritual and recreational needs, development and conservation on the large canvas of Fujisan and its buffer zone, it is providing an excellent example of how the management of a property can deal not only with conservation but can add value through enhanced cultural identities and social responsibilities.
It is suggested that, as much as feasible, the work being undertaken and the lessons learnt should be shared with other extensive cultural landscapes that share similar conservation and management challenges.
Decision Adopted: 40 COM 7B.39
The World Heritage Committee,