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Historic Cairo

Egypt
Factors affecting the property in 2011*
  • Housing
  • Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Water (rain/water table)
  • Other Threats:

    Dilapidated infrastructure; Neglect and lack of maintenance

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Earthquake in 1992 (issue resolved);
  • Inappropriate reconstruction works (issue resolved);  
  • Rise of the underground water level;
  • Dilapidated infrastructure;
  • Neglect and lack of maintenance;
  • Overcrowded areas and buildings;
  • Uncontrolled development;
  • Absence of a comprehensive Urban Conservation Plan;
  • Absence of an integrated socio-economic revitalization plan linking the urban and the socio-cultural fabric of the city core.
UNESCO Extra-Budgetary Funds until 2011

Total amount provided to the property: Special Account for the safeguarding of the cultural heritage of Egypt: USD 44,000 allocated for the preparation of the project document for the Management Plan; USD 1,753,805 dollars for the Urban Regeneration Project of Historic Cairo.

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2011
Requests approved: 10 (from 1979-1999)
Total amount approved : 398,900 USD
Missions to the property until 2011**

August 2002, March 2005: ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions; April and December 2007: World Heritage Centre missions for the Cairo Financial Centre; October 2008: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission; 2009, 2010: World Heritage Centre missions for the Urban Regeneration Project.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2011

At its 33rd session (Seville, 2009), the World Heritage Committee requested the State Party to submit a report on the state of conservation of the property as well as a progress report on modifications to the Cairo Financial Centre and on the elaboration of the Management plan, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011. At the time of drafting the present document, the State Party had not transmitted a report.

In July 2010, the programme for the elaboration of a conservation/regeneration plan for Historic Cairo, requested by the World Heritage Committee for many years, was launched by the World Heritage Centre, through the Special Account for Egyptian Cultural Heritage at UNESCO and in collaboration with the Ministry of Culture.

The project focuses on:

a) the preparation of a Conservation Plan for the World Heritage property of Historic Cairo and its "buffer zones" which would include the Management Plan required by the Operational Guidelines;

b) the setting up of an institutional and legal framework to undertake and develop a sustainable urban conservation policy, promoting the coordination and collaboration amongst the different institutions, administrations and agencies which are concerned with the management of the property;

c) the creation of an appropriate and shared information platform for urban conservation.

The Plan will provide tools for protecting the heritage from further deterioration, favouring at the same time possible compatible interventions to improve the living conditions of the population and bring new activities and uses, associating the "conservation" with the "rehabilitation".

The progress achieved in the first nine months of activities are:

· First nucleous of the project team created;

· Delimitation of the Historic Cairo property done and Statement of Outstanding Universal Value drafted;

· Documentation collected and organised;

· Synthesis of the transformation of Cairo urban fabric drafted, 1948-2006;

· Consultation with the concerned administrations and institutions launched.

The recent political events have slowed the progress of activities due to the current unclear institutional framework. With the appointment of new official counterparts, the agreement of the Egyptian authorities on the whole project has to be confirmed.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2011
35 COM 7B.48
Historic Cairo (Egypt) (C 89)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add,

2. Recalling Decision 33 COM 7B.55, adopted at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009),

3. Regrets that the State Party has not submitted the requested report on the state of conservation of the property as well as the progress report on modifications to the Cairo Financial Centre and on the elaboration of the management plan;

4. Takes note of the information provided by the World Heritage Centre on the progress made in the implementation of the programme for the elaboration of a conservation/regeneration plan for Historic Cairo;

5. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2012, a report on the state of conservation of the property and a progress report on modifications to the Cairo Financial Centre and on the elaboration of the management plan, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session in 2012.

Draft Decision: 35 COM 7B.48

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-11/35.COM/7B.Add,

2. Recalling Decision 33 COM 7B.55, adopted at its 33rd session (Seville, 2009),

3. Regrets that the State Party has not submitted the requested report on the state of conservation of the property as well as the progress report on modifications to the Cairo Financial Centre and on the elaboration of the management plan;

4. Takes notes of the information provided by the World Heritage Centre on the progress made in the implementation of the programme for the elaboration of a conservation/regeneration plan for Historic Cairo;

5. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2012, a report on the state of conservation of the property and a progress report on modifications to the Cairo Financial Centre and on the elaboration of the management plan, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session in 2012. 

Report year: 2011
Egypt
Date of Inscription: 1979
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(v)(vi)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 35COM (2011)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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