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Historic Town of Zabid

Factors affecting the property in 1997*
  • Erosion and siltation/ deposition
  • Management activities
  • Relative humidity
  • Solid waste
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Inappropriate work has been undertaken at the Grand Mosque
  • Water conveyance project
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1997
Requests approved: 2 (from 1994-1994)
Total amount approved : 45,000 USD
1994 Preparation of a publication on Zabid (Approved)   15,000 USD
1994 Urgent protection works in the Historical Town of Zabid (Approved)   30,000 USD
Missions to the property until 1997**
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1997
The Secretariat and ICOMOS reported that restoration works are not executed in conformity with the character of the monuments and accepted conservation standards.

Action Required
The Bureau requested the Secretariat to send a mission to Yemen to:
1) advise on the completion of the 1994 emergency assistance and
2) advise the authorities on the preparation of a training request under the World Heritage Fund for the personnel of the Organization for the Preservation of the Historic Cities in Yemen.
Summary of the interventions
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1997
21 COM VII.C.55
Reports on the state of conservation of cultural properties noted by the Committee

VII.55 The Committee noted the decisions of the twenty-first extraordinary session of the Bureau on the following cultural properties as reflected in the report of the Bureau session, Working Documents WHC-97/CONF.208/4B Section III.C.c):

Joya de Ceren Archaeological Site (El Salvador)

Le Canal du Midi (France)

Mont-Saint-Michel and its Bay (France)

Ashanti Traditional Buildings (Ghana)

Maya Site of Copan (Honduras)

Agra Fort, Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri (India)

Quseir Amra (Jordan)

Town of Luang Prabang (Lao People's Democratic Republic)

Pre-Hispanic City of Teotihuacan (Mexico)

Ilha de Mozambique (Mozambique)

Moenjodaro (Pakistan)

Baroque Churches of the Philippines (Philippines)

Old Town of Segovia and its Aqueduct (Spain)

Cultural World Heritage sites in Sri Lanka

Ancient City of Damascus (Syrian Arab Republic)

Historic Areas of Istanbul (Turkey)

Itchan Kala, Historic Centre of Bukhara (Uzbekistan)

Shibam and Zabid (Yemen).

Report year: 1997
Date of Inscription: 1993
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (ii)(iv)(vi)
Danger List (dates): 2000-present
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 21COM (1997)

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.