Ha Long Bay
Factors affecting the property in 1995*
- Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure
- Marine transport infrastructure
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1995
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 1995**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1995
[Oral report by IUCN]
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1995
19 COM VII.A.2.23
SOC: Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)
VII.23 Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)
The Committee recalled that the site was inscribed on the World Heritage List in 1994 and took note of a report presented by IUCN. The report outlines two potential threats to the site: (a) a new port is to be developed in the Bay which would route large transport ships through the site, and (b) a license for a large floating hotel at the site which would have further impacts on the heavy tourist pressures in the Bay.
The Delegate of Japan provided further information concerning financial support for the project from Japanese aid agencies for an amount of US$ 100 million. He underlined that the case is still under consideration and that ecological impacts of this project will be evaluated. The final decision has not been made, however, the project is seen as important for the further economic development of Vietnam. The Delegate of Canada outlined the problem of private companies involved and referred to Article 6.3 of the World Heritage Convention, that "Each state Party to this Convention undertakes not to take any deliberate measures which might damage directly or indirectly the cultural and natural heritage ... situated on the territory of other states Parties to this Convention." She inquired if an intervention could be made to mitigate the threats to the site.
The Committee requested the World Heritage Centre to contact the Vietnamese authorities for further information on the potential threats and the measures being taken to ensure that they are minimized.
The Bureau recommended that the Committee adopt the following:
"The Committee took note of information provided by IUCN on developments within and in the vicinity of the site and requested the World Heritage Centre to contact the Vietnamese authorities for further information on the potential threats and the measures being taken to minimize them."
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).