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Durmitor National Park

Montenegro
Factors affecting the property in 1997*
  • Housing
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Surface water pollution
  • Other Threats:

    Earthen containment structures

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Construction of a dam on the Tara river (issue resolved)
  • Construction of an asphalt plant and the resulting water pollution (issue resolved)
  • Fire in June 1995 
  • Uncontrolled expansion of the village
  • Adjacent development of a large sport facility 
  • Mine tailing threat to the Tara River Canyon
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1997
Requests approved: 4 (from 1981-1988)
Total amount approved : 117,000 USD
Missions to the property until 1997**
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1997

A mission in 1996, reviewed the state of conservation of the site and the damage to the Park headquarters building in Zabljak, caused by a fire in 1995 which destroyed library and reference collections. At its twentieth session (Merida, 1996), the Committee commended the Park authorities for rapidly reconstructing and completely refurbishing the building to make it operational. The Committee however was concerned about the unplanned and uncontrolled expansion of the village of Zabljak and adjacent developments and requested clarification regarding the boundary adjustments under consideration. With regard to international assistance provided from the Fund to mitigate the mine tailings threat to the Tara River Canyon portion of the World Heritage site, the Committee considered an engineering evaluation of the earthen containment structures built within the earthquake prone flood plains. The Committee also invited the State Party to encourage the Director of the Park to participate in network and training efforts with other World Heritage site managers in the region. At the time of the preparation of this document a response from the State Party to the Committee's concerns and suggestions is awaited.

Action Required

The Bureau, based on additional information that may be available at the time of its meeting may recommend appropriate actions to the consideration of the State Party and of the Committee.


21st extraordinary session of the Bureau in 1997:
The Bureau, at its twenty-first ordinary session held in June 1997, had requested the Park management to submit, before 15 September 1997, a map showing the proposed modification of the Park's boundaries to excise a 40 ha. area around the village of Zabljak, which had already been approved by the Government of the Republic of Montenegro. Furthermore, the Bureau had sought clarification from the Park authorities on whether they considered that an engineering evaluation of the earthen containment structures in the flood plains of the Tara River was needed and expressed its concerns regarding plans for tapping the hydropower potential of the Tara River and requested more information on such plans.

The Bureau requested the Centre to contact the Park authorities to obtain information, before 1 May 1998, with regard to all of the concerns raised by the Bureau.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1997

The Bureau, at its twenty-first ordinary session held in June 1997, had requested the Park management to submit, before 15 September 1997, a map showing the proposed modification of the Park's boundaries to excise a 40 ha area around the village of Zabljak; this proposed modification had already been approved by the Government of the Republic of Montenegro. Furthermore, the Bureau sought clarification from the Park authorities on whether they considered that an engineering evaluation of the earthen containment structures in the flood plains of the Tara River was needed. In addition, the Bureau expressed its concerns regarding plans for tapping the hydropower potential of the Tara River and suggested that more information on such plans be submitted to the Committee session in December 1997. The response of the Park authorities to all the requests of the Bureau, outlined above, is awaited.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 1997

The Bureau may wish to examine information that may be available at the time of its session and take appropriate action thereupon.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1997
21 BUR IV.B.35
Durmitor National Park (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro))

The Bureau recalled that the Committee at its last session had been concerned about the unplanned and uncontrolled expansion of the village of Zabljak and its environs and requested clarification regarding the boundary adjustments under consideration. Furthermore the Committee had considered an engineering evaluation of the earthen containment structures built within the earthquake prone flood plains of the Tara River.

The Bureau was informed that the Management of the Durmitor National Park have informed the Centre that their proposal to excise the 40 ha area around the village of Zabljak from the Park area had been approved by the Government of the Republic of Montenegro and that the Management wished to know whether the World Heritage Committee would agree with the proposed modification of the Park boundary. The Park Management, while ensuring high protection of the Tara River Canyon, and supporting spelaeological, hydrological, biological and archeological studies there, had not reacted to the Committee's suggestion for an engineering evaluation of the earthen containment structures built in the earthquake prone flood plains of the River. Finally the Management has brought to the attention of the Centre its concerns regarding the revival of plans for exploiting the hydropower potential of the River to resolve the problem of the negative balance of power faced by the Republic of Montenegro.

The Bureau requested the Park Management to submit to the Centre, before 15 September 1997, a map showing the proposed modification of the Park's boundaries to excise the 40 ha area around the village of Zabljak and recommended that the Committee at its next session in December 1997 decide whether or not the proposed boundary modification is acceptable. Furthermore, the Bureau requested the Centre to request clarification from the Durmitor authorities whether they feel that an engineering evaluation of the earthen containment structures in the flood plains of the River is necessary. Finally, the Bureau requested the Centre to transmit its concerns to the relevant authorities regarding their plans for tapping the hydropower potential of the Tara River and obtain more information on this subject for submission to the Committee session in December 1997.

21 COM VII.C.41
Reports on the State of Conservation of Natural Properties Noted by the Committee

VII.41 The Committee noted the decisions of the twenty-first extraordinary session of the Bureau as reflected in the Report of the Bureau session (Working Document WHC-97/CONF.208/4B Section III.A.c), on the following natural properties:

  • Great Barrier Reef (Australia)
  • Belovezhskaya Pushcha/Bialowieza Forest (Belarus/Poland)
  • Talamanca Range-La Amistad Reserves/La Amistad National Park (Costa Rica/Panama)
  • Shirakami Sanchi and Yakushima Island (Japan)
  • Whale Sanctuary of El Viscaino (Mexico)
  • Arabian Oryx Sanctuary (Oman)
  • Lake Baikal (Russian Federation)
  • Virgin Komi Forests (Russian Federation)
  • Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)
  • Durmitor National Park (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro)).
Report year: 1997
Montenegro
Date of Inscription: 1980
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(viii)(x)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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