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Bahla Fort

Oman
Factors affecting the property in 1994*
  • Management activities
  • Other Threats:

    Degradation of the structures

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Degradation of the structures;
  • Use of recent construction materials (cement, etc.)
International Assistance: requests for the property until 1994
Requests approved: 2 (from 1988-1988)
Total amount approved : 57,000 USD
Missions to the property until 1994**

October 1988: ICOMOS mission; March 1994: UNESCO World Heritage Centre mission; December 1994: ICOMOS expert mission

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1994

The World Heritage Centre informed the Committee during its seventeenth session at Cartagena, on the progress of the restoration work at this site inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The Delegate of Oman had informed the Committee that the national authorities were studying the situation and would present a report to the Centre as soon as possible.

During a mission to Oman at the invitation of the Government, from 19 to 24 March 1994, the Director of the World Heritage Centre was able to examine the progress of restoration work underway, mainly being carried out by foreign specialists recruited for this task in the framework of a project of several million US dollars that the national Government has initiated for the restoration of the Fort, for the 1993-1996 period. As the Committee was informed during its December 1993 session, it appears probable that the nature of the material used by this team for the restoration work, the rapidity with which the work is being carried out and the methods used could raise a certain number of questions with regard to conserving the authenticity of the monument.

Therefore, the Director of the Centre proposed to the Omani authorities that an expert mission be sent to the site to evaluate the working methods being used, the use of the US$50,000 approved by the Committee in 1989 and new alternatives to be considered.

This mission, financed by the Centre, could comprise an ICOMOS expert who had already evaluated the site in 1988 at the time of its inscription on the List, and, if necesary, a specialist in this specific architecture. This proposal was reiterated by the Director of the Centre in a letter addressed to the Minister of Culture and National Heritage of Oman, dated 31 March 1994.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1994

The World Heritage Centre informed the Committee during its seventeenth session on the progress of the restoration work at this site inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

The Delegate of Oman informed the Committee that the national authorities were studying the situation and would present a report to the Centre as soon as possible.

During a mission to Oman at the invitation of the Government, from 19 to 24 March 1994, the Director of the World Heritage Centre was able to examine the progress of restoration work underway, being carried out mainly by foreign specialists recruited for this task in the framework of a project of several million US dollars that the national Government has initiated for the restoration of the Fort, for the 1993-1996 period. As the Committee was informed during its December 1993 session, it appears probable that the nature of the material used by this team for the restoration work, the rapidity with which the work is being carried out and the methods used could raise a certain number of questions with regard to conserving the authenticity of the monument.

By a letter dated 19 July 1994, the Omani authorities replied favourably to the World Heritage Centre's proposal to send an ICOMOS expert who had already evaluated the site in 1988, at the time of its inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger, in order to evaluate the working methods being used, the use of the US$50,000 approved by the Committee in 1988 and new alternatives which could be considered.

In September 1994 it was agreed with the national authorities that the mission would take place from 10 to 19 December, and the results would be presented to the nineteenth session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1995.

Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 1994

It is recommended that this site be retained on the List of World Heritage in Danger. No further specific action is required at this moment.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1994
18 COM IX
SOC: Bahla Fort (Oman)

Bahla Fort (Oman)

The Committee recalled that it was informed during its seventeenth session, that intensive restoration works were being undertaken at this site and that it appeared probable that the nature of the material used for the restoration work, the rapidity with which the work was being carried out and the methods used could raise a certain number of questions with regard to conserving the authenticity of the monument. The Committee was informed that the Director of the World Heritage Centre, at the invitation of the Government of Oman, undertook a mission to Oman in March 1994 during which he was able to examine the progress of restoration work underway. Following this mission it was agreed with the national authorities that an expert mission would take place from 10 to 19 December 1994.

The Committee decided to retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger and requested that the results of this mission be presented to the nineteenth session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1995.

The Committee recalled that it was informed during, its seventeenth session, that intensive restoration works were being undertaken at this site and that it appeared probable that the nature of the material used for the restoration work, the rapidity with which the work was being carried out and the methods used could raise a certain number of questions with regard to conserving the authenticity of the monument. The Committee was informed that, the Director of the World Heritage Centre, at the invitation of the Government of Oman, undertook a mission to Oman in March 1994 at which he was able to examine the progress of restoration work underway. Following this mission it was agreed with the national authorities that an expert mission would take place from 10 to 19 December 1994.

The Committee decided to retain this site on the List of World Heritage in Danger and requested that the results of this mission be presented to the nineteenth session of the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 1995.

Report year: 1994
Oman
Date of Inscription: 1987
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (iv)
Danger List (dates): 1988-2004
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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