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Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara

Japan
Factors affecting the property in 2004*
  • Ground transport infrastructure
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

Urban pressure

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2004
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2004**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2004

At its 27th session in 2003, the Committee encouraged the State Party to continue efforts to ensure the authenticity and integrity of the property, after having examined the state of conservation of the property for the first time since its inscription on the World Heritage List in 1998. The Committee suggested that the authorities concerned continue efforts to inform the local communities on the decision-making process. The Committee also requested that a report on the decision-making process and the final decision concerning the construction of the motorway be submitted to the World Heritage Centre, in order for the World Heritage Committee to examine the state of conservation of the property at its 28th session.

 

According to a report from the Government of Japan in February 2004, the Japanese authorities have established an “Expert Committee for Yamato-Kita Road Construction and Public Involvement”, which includes experts on Law, Cultural Properties, Traffic Engineering, Environment and Landscape, Transport Economics and the Planning Process, to examine the policy for the Yamato-Kita Road, which is part of the “Keinawa Motorway”. In October 2003, this Committee proposed recommendations, which included a new route for the construction of the road. As a result of a comprehensive evaluation of the effects of road development and its impact on the buried cultural properties and the historical landscape of ancient Nara, the Committee recommended a specific area for the construction. A proposal was made to construct a portion of the road underground and two routes were initially selected. After further comprehensive evaluation, the Committee finally selected one route as its preferred choice, which is situated at a reasonable distance from “the Heijokyu (Nara Palace) Site”.

 

In the report of February 2004, the Government of Japan stated that it would examine the outline of the route and its structure and give serious consideration to the proposal from the Expert Committee. The results of the Assessment will also take public opinion into account. 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2004
28 COM 15B.64

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Noting that the Government of Japan has renewed efforts to examine the potential negative and irreversible impact that the construction of the Keinawa Motorway could have upon the World Heritage value of the property,

2. Encourages the Government of Japan to continue making efforts to ensure the conservation of the authenticity and integrity of the property;

3. Further encourages the Government of Japan to continue making efforts to identify a technical solution to ensure that the impact on the ground water level during the construction will be kept to a minimum so as to protect the World Heritage value of the property;

4. Requests the authorities concerned to continue their efforts in informing the local communities on the decision-making process.

Draft Decision:28 COM 15B.64

The World Heritage Committee,

1.  Noting that the Government of Japan has renewed efforts to examine the potential negative and irreversible impact that the construction of the Keinawa Motorway could have upon the World Heritage value of the property,

2.  Encourages the Government of Japan to continue making efforts to ensure the conservation of the authenticity and integrity of the property;

3.  Suggests that the Government of Japan continue making efforts to propose a technical solution to ensure that there will be no effect on the groundwater level during the construction process;

4.  Requests the authorities concerned to continue their efforts in informing the local communities on the decision-making process.

Report year: 2004
Japan
Date of Inscription: 1998
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 28COM (2004)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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