1.         Chavin (Archaeological Site) (Peru) (C 330)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1985

Criteria  (iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1988-2002)
Total amount approved: USD 75,550
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

Monitoring Mission in 1999

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Intense temperature fluctuation ;

b) Rain and winds ;

c) Growth of native vegetation (Pinkuyo), the roots of which destabilize the foundations ;

d) Water erosion and destabilization of one of the main structures ;

e) Lack of a management plan.

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/330/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2006

According to the State of Conservation Report received by the World Heritage Centre from the State Party in January 2006, several actions devoted to the preservation of the site were carried out during 2005. These actions included emergency maintenance and protection works as well as capacity building campaigns, which where carried out jointly by the INC (National Institute of Culture) and the Ministry of Exterior Commerce and Tourism. The report also mentions protection actions for La Banda zone, based on discussions and coordination with the owners of land parcels in La Banda. At the same time, the definitive delimitation of the archeological zone was completed and illegal constructions were stopped.

Investigation works in collaboration with Stanford University were continued in Chavín and La Banda. A project for the construction of a site Museum in Chavín, with the collaboration of the Japanese Government, is in the planning phase. The World Heritage Centre has not yet received information concerning the archeological surveys to be carried out at La Banda, to identify a possible alternative route for the road which presently crosses the site.

The World Heritage Committee, at its 29th session (Durban, 2005), urged the State Party to develop a management plan for the property of Chavín and La Banda, which should include statutory provisions for an archaeological impact assessment of all areas in and around the World Heritage property before any type of intervention. The report received from the State Party included, in annex, a work-plan for the elaboration of the management plan (dated June 2004).

The State Party also supplied a report of the Expert Meeting held in March 2005, in which this work-plan was outlined. The first phase of the project proposes the identification and general understanding of the site, along with documentation on its physical and historical evolution. The National Institute of Culture, working with Stanford University, INDERCHARP (Chavín Regional Development Institute) and with a renowned international consultant have nearly completed this phase.

The second phase will be devoted to the analysis of the cultural significance of Chavín and of its historical and cultural context and physical condition. The third and final phase will involve the definition of the relevant conservation principles and criteria, the formulation of objectives and methods, final delineation of boundaries, and the development of work-plans for the implementation of the plan. It is estimated that the entire process will be completed by the end of 2006.

ICOMOS welcomes the actions taken by the State Party and the professional approach to the preparation of the management plan for a complex site. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 30 COM 7B.97

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-06/30.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 29 COM 7B. 98, adopted at its 29th session (Durban, 2005),

3. Commends the State Party for the actions taken to protect and preserve the World Heritage site of Chavin;

4. Urges the State Party to finalize the management plan for the property;

5. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2007, a progress report and a draft management plan for examination by the Committee at its 31th session in 2007.