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Rwenzori Mountains National Park

Uganda
Factors affecting the property in 2006*
  • Financial resources
  • Human resources
  • Illegal activities
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Mining
  • Other Threats:

    Degradation of buffer zone

Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Mining activities inside the property;

b) Staffing and budgetary deficiencies;

c) Degradation of buffer zone;

e) Impact of tourism and climbing expeditions.

International Assistance: requests for the property until 2006
Requests approved: 4 (from 1995-2006)
Total amount approved : 116,739 USD
Missions to the property until 2006**

Joint UNESCO-IUCN mission 5-11 January 2003.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2006

The State Party submitted a State of Conservation report and the approved General management plan (2004-2014) on 26 October 2005. A map was also received showing the precise surveyed and marked boundary of the World Heritage property. A request for international assistance from the World Heritage Fund for the implementation of the Annual Operations Plan amounting to USD 19,990 was approved by the Chairperson in 2005 and is being implemented.

The State Party report provides an up-date on the activities of the management authority since the property was re-opened in 2001, following four years of closure due to insurgency and military intervention. The State Party report indicates significant progress towards strengthening of the conservation and natural resource management activities in and around the property. The priority for the next phase of the recovery programme included in the general management plan is to identify sustainable financing for the management of the property and its buffer zones.

The State Party report states that the general management plan is being implemented focusing on six main areas. There are community conservation; resource conservation and management; monitoring and research; park operations and maintenance; tourism development; and regional cooperation. The goal of the General management Plan is to ensure better conservation and protection of natural resources and to uplift the integrity of the park.

The World Bank’s Protected Area Management and Sustainable Use Programme and WWF are currently providing limited support for park management and a community conservation programme. However, substantial additional funding is still required to implement the general management plan 2004-2014.

The State Party also reported on the work of the Community Protected Area Institutions (CPIs), local community committees which work with Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA) to address issues that affect community/Park relations, established upon the recommendation of the 2003 UNESCO-IUCN mission. At present, CPIs have been established in 22 adjacent sub-counties of three districts as well as an Inter-District CPI. It manages relationships with the communities, involves communities in protected area management and facilitates the implementation of benefit sharing projects. The possibility of establishing a memorandum of understanding between communities and Rwenzori Mountains National Park to share resources that occur within three kilometres inside the park is being studied.

According to the State Party report the main threats to the property at this point in time are threefold. They are: illegal timber cutting for commercial purposes; poaching of wildlife for domestic consumption; and illegal harvesting of bamboo for construction. Issues that represent a future threat to the World Heritage values of the property include: unplanned tourism development, including mountaineering; possible mining activities in and around the property; and population pressure on the boundary leading to the unsustainable use of natural resources.

The World Heritage Centre and IUCN consider the progress made by the State Party and UWA since the property was re-opened in 2001 to be very positive. The recently approved management plan incorporates the recommendations of the joint 2003 UNESCO/IUCN mission and provides a sound basis for the management of the World Heritage property for the period 2004-2014. The World Heritage Centre and IUCN recommend that the management authority follows an adaptive management approach in the implementation of the plan with a mid-term review in 2009.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2006
30 COM 7B.6
State of Conservation (Rwenzori Mountains National Park)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-06/30.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 29 COM 7B.4, adopted at its 29th session (Durban, 2005);

3. Notes with thanks the general management plan and the map showing the precise surveyed and marked boundary of the World Heritage property submitted by the State Party;

4. Commends the Uganda Wildlife Authority for ongoing work to improve the management and conservation of the property, notably through the implementation of a 10 year management plan, as well as its considerable efforts to support the sustainable development of appropriate tourism in the park;

5. Further commends the State Party for the progress made since 2001 towards re-establishing the integrity of the World Heritage property;

6. Encourages the international donor and conservation community to provide additional financial and/or technical assistance for the implementation of the general management plan 2004-2014;

7. Requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with an updated report by 1 February 2007 on the state of conservation of the property, including information on how the main threats identified by the State Party are being dealt with, and in particular on the progress made in the implementation of the general management plan, for examination by the Committee at its 31st session in 2007.

Draft Decision: 30 COM 7B.6

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-06/30.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 29 COM 7B.4, adopted at its 29th session (Durban, 2005);

3. Notes with thanks the general management plan and the map showing the precise surveyed and marked boundary of the World Heritage property submitted by the State Party;

4. Commends the Uganda Wildlife Authority for ongoing work to improve the management and conservation of the property, notably through the implementation of a 10 year management plan, as well as considerable efforts to support the sustainable development of appropriate tourism in the park;

5. Further commends the State Party for the progress made since 2001 towards re-establishing the integrity of the World Heritage property;

6. Encourages the international donor and conservation community to provide additional financial and/or technical assistance for the implementation of the general management plan 2004-2014;

7. Requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with an updated report by 1 February 2007 on the state of conservation of the property, including information on how the main threats identified by the State Party are being dealt with, and in particular on the progress made in the implementation of the general management plan, for examination by the Committee at its 31st session in 2007.

Report year: 2006
Uganda
Date of Inscription: 1994
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(x)
Danger List (dates): 1999-2004
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 30COM (2006)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.


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