Papers: Cultural Landscapes: the Challenges of Conservation

To mark the 30th anniversary of the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage, UNESCO with the support of the Government of Italy, organized, from 14 to 16 November 2002, an International Congress to reflect on some of the main issues, achievements and challenges of the World Heritage mission.

Over 600 experts from around the world gathered at the Giorgio Cini Foundation on the island of San Giorgio in Venice, Italy, to discuss the evolution of the World Heritage Convention and consider its role for the future. In addition, some 400 experts gathered immediately prior to the Congress at nine associated workshops in different Italian cities to reflect on the major themes of the Congress. The nine workshops were:

  • The Legal Tools for World Heritage Conservation, Siena
  • Cultural Landscapes: the Challenges of Conservation, Ferrara
  • Towards Innovative Partnerships for World Heritage, Venice
  • Partnerships for World Heritage Cities, Urbino-Pesaro
  • Monitoring World Heritage, Vicenza
  • Partnerships to Conserve Nature and Biodiversity, Trieste
  • World Heritage University Training, Feltre
  • World Heritage Site Management, Padua
  • Mobilizing Youth for World Heritage, Treviso

This publication aims to reflect the discussions and debates around the specific themes as they were discussed over the two days of the workshop. The summary reports of each workshop are also available in the Congress proceedings publication.

Table of Contents

Preface by Francesco Bandarin

Prelude by Paolo Ceccarelli and Mechtild Rössler

Taking Stock Ten Years After:
Cultural Landscapes in the Framework of The World Heritage Convention

  • Linking Nature and Culture: World Heritage Cultural Landscapes
  • World Heritage Cultural Landscapes, 1992-2002: a Review and Prospect
  • Training Challenges in the Management of Heritage Territories and Landscapes
  • Cultural Landscapes: Evaluating the Interaction Between People and Nature
  • Cultural Landscapes: IUCN’s Changing Vision of Protected Areas
  • International Federation of Landscape Architects (IFLA)

Cross-regional Dialogue for Landscape Conservation


  • European Landscape Convention
  • Landscape and Cultural Landscape: European Landscape Convention and UNESCO Policy
  • Conservation Planning: The European Case of Rural Landscapes
  • Projects to Safeguard Threatened Landscapes in Germany and Eastern Europe

Arab Region and the Mediterranean

  • Oases and Other Forms of Living Cultural Landscape
  • International Centre for Mediterranean Cultural Landscapes

Latin America/Caribbean

  • Cultural Landscapes and the Challenges of Conservation in Latin America and the Caribbean
  • Use and Management of Cultural Landscapes in Mexico

North America

    • Cultural Landscape Management Challenges and Promising New Directions in the United States and Canada
    • Cultural Landscape Conservation Experiences in Canada
    • Asia-Pacific
      • Uluru - Kata Tjuta National Park: Sustainable Management and Development
      • Values as the Basis for Management of World Heritage Cultural Landscapes
      • Conservation of Cultural Landscapes in Asia and the Pacific Region
      • Smart Partnerships: Cultural Landscape Issues in Africa
      • Sukur Cultural Landscape of Nigeria: A Challenge to Conservation Management
      • Cultural landscapes: Is the World Bank a Relevant Funding Partner?

Legal Protection of Cultural Landscapes

      • Legal Provisions for Cultural Landscape Protection in Europe
      • Legal Aspects of Cultural Landscape Protection in Africa

Conclusions and Recommendations

      • Conclusions and Summary Record of the International Workshop
      • Conclusions et compte rendu analytique de l’atelier international


      • Annex 1: List of Participants
      • Annex 2: European Landscape Convention
      • Annex 3: Paestum Charta
      • Annex 4: Photographs from the Workshop and Field Trip