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Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments

Spišský Hrad has one of the largest ensembles of 13th and 14th century military, political and religious buildings in eastern Europe, and its Romanesque and Gothic architecture has remained remarkably intact.

The extended site features the addition of the historic town-centre of Levoča founded in the 13th and 14th centuries within fortifications. Most of the site has been preserved and it includes the 14th century church of St James with its ten alters of the 15th and 16th centuries, a remarkable collection of polychrome works in the Late Gothic style, including an 18.6 metre high alterpiece by completed around 1510 by Master Paul.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Levoča, Spišský Hrad et les monuments culturels associés

C’est l’un des ensembles de bâtiments militaires, politiques et religieux des XIIIe et XIVe siècles les plus étendus d’Europe orientale, dont l’architecture romane et gothique est demeurée remarquablement intacte.

L’extension porte sur le centre historique de la ville de Levoca, fondée au cours des XIIIème et XIVème siècles, au sein d’une enceinte fortifiée. L’essentiel du site a été préservé et on y trouve l’église Saint-Jacques avec ses dix autels du XVème et XVIème siècles, une collection remarquable de retables en bois polychromes de style gothique tardif, dont le maître-autel à retable, de 18,6 m de haut, édifié vers 1510 par Maître Paul.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0


يُمثل الآن الموقع الموسع في سلوفاكيا مركز مدينة ليفوكا التاريخي الذي أنشئ في القرنين الثالث عشر والرابع عشر داخل تحصينات. وتم الحفاظ على معظم أجزاء الموقع الذي يضم كنيسة سان جيمس التي تعود إلى القرن الرابع عشر، مع مذابحها العشرة المقامة في القرنين الخامس عشر والسادس عشر، وهو ما يُعتبر مجموعة رائعة من الأعمال المتعددة الألوان التي تتسم بالأسلوب القوطي المتأخر، وتشمل حجرة مذبح يبلغ ارتفاعها 18.6 متراً استكمل بناءها النحات ماستر بول حوالي عام 1510.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Levoča, Spisský Hrad y monumentos culturales anejos

Levoča, fundada en los siglos XIII y XIV, está rodeada de fortificaciones y presenta un buen estado de conservación. Entre sus edificios figura la iglesia de Santiago, con sus diez altares de los siglos XV y XVI, una notable colección de retablos de madera polícroma de estilo gótico tardío que incluye el retablo mayor, de 18,6 metros de altura, realizado en torno al año 1510 por el Maestro Pablo. Spisský Hrad es uno de los conjuntos de edificios militares, políticos y religiosos de arquitectura románica y gótica de los siglos XIII y XIV más vastos en Europa Oriental y se ha conservado admirablemente intacto.

source: UNESCO/ERI
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0


source: NFUAJ

Levoča, Spišský Hrad en gerelateerde culturele monumenten

Spišský Hrad bevat een van de grootste groepen 13e en 14e-eeuwse militaire, politieke en religieuze gebouwen van Oost-Europa. De Romaanse en Gotische architectuur ervan is opmerkelijk goed intact gebleven. Het uitgebreide gebied toont de toevoeging van het historische stadscentrum van Levoča, in de 13e en 14e eeuw gesticht binnen de vestingmuren. Veel van de stadsdelen zijn intact gebleven, waaronder de 14e-eeuwse kerk Sint James met zijn tien altaren uit de 15e en 16e eeuw en een opmerkelijke collectie polychrome werken in laatgotische stijl. Hieronder valt het 18,6 meter hoge altaarstuk dat rond 1510 werd voltooid door Meester Paul.

Source: unesco.nl

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Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the Associated Cultural Monuments (Slovakia) © Igor Supuka
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief Synthesis

The castle of Spišský Hrad, the town of Levoča, the associated sites in Spišské Podhradie, Spišská, Kapitula, and Žehra constitute a remarkable group of military, urban, political, and religious elements, of a type that was relatively common in medieval Europe, but of which almost none have survived in such a complete condition with equivalent integrity. Levoča, Spišský Hrad, and the associated cultural monuments is one of the most extensive groups of military, urban, and religious buildings from the late Middle Ages and early Renaissance in Eastern Europe, the Romanesque and Gothic architecture of which has remained remarkably intact in Spišský Hrad, Spišské Podhradie, Spišská, Kapitula, and Žehra, together with the urban plan of Levoča. It is a group belonging to the same Saxon colonial settlement in the Middle Ages, of which it illustrates the material and cultural successes. It testifies to its role as a political, religious, and cultural centre of the first order over a long time-span in Eastern Europe.

Criterion (iv): Levoča, Spišský Hrad and the associated cultural monuments of Spišské Podhradie, Spišska Kapitula, and Zehra, extended to Levoča and the works of Master Paul in Spiš, constitute an outstanding example of a remarkably well preserved and authentic group of buildings which is characteristic of medieval settlement in Eastern Europe, in its military, political, religious, mercantile, and cultural functions.

Integrity and Authenticity

The Romanesque and Gothic architecture of Spišský Hrad and its associated cultural monuments, one of the most extensive groups of 13th and 14th century military, political, and religious buildings in Eastern Europe, has remained remarkably intact. The degree of authenticity of the property is satisfactory. Special attention should, however, be given to the quality of the maintenance and restoration work on the private buildings of Levoča.

Management and protection requirements

The protection of the property and the management plan and its practical organization are adequate. However, they need to be strengthened and improved in certain respects and the management plan needs to be published.