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Tr’ondëk-Klondike

Tr’ondëk-Klondike
Located along the Yukon River in the sub-arctic region of Northwest Canada, Tr’ondëk-Klondike lies within the homeland of the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in First Nation. It contains archaeological and historic sources that reflect Indigenous people’s adaptation to unprecedented changes caused by the Klondike Gold Rush at the end of the 19th century. The series illustrates different aspects of the colonization of this area, including sites of exchange between the Indigenous population and the colonists, and sites demonstrating the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in’s adaptations to colonial presence.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Tr’ondëk–Klondike
Situé dans la région subarctique du nord-ouest du Canada, le long du fleuve Yukon, Tr’ondëk-Klondike se trouve sur le territoire de la Première nation Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in. Le site comprend des ressources archéologiques et historiques qui reflètent l’adaptation des peuples autochtones à des changements sans précédent qui furent causés par la ruée vers l’or du Klondike à la fin du XIXe siècle. Ce bien en série illustre les différents aspects de la colonisation de cette région, notamment les sites d’échange entre les populations autochtones et les colons, et les sites illustrant les adaptations des Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in à la présence coloniale.

Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

تروندك-كلوندايك
يمتد موقع تروندك-كلوندايك على طول نهر يوكن في المنطقة دون القطبية في شمال غرب كندا، ويقع ضمن موطن أمة تروندك هويتشن الأصلية. ويحتضن هذا الموقع بين جنباته موارد أثرية وتاريخية تدل على تأقلم الشعب الأصلي مع التغيرات غير المسبوقة التي تسببت بها حمى الذهب في نهاية القرن التاسع عشر. ويعرض هذا الموقع جوانب مختلفة من استعمار هذه المنطقة، حيث يتضمن مواقع للتبادل بين الشعب الأصلي والمستعمرين، ومواقع تبين تأقلم أمة تروندك هويتشن الأصلية مع الوجود الاستعماري.

source: UNESCO/CPE
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

特朗代克-克朗代克
特朗代克-克朗代克(Tr’ondëk-Klondike)位于加拿大西北的育空河畔,属亚北极地区,是原住民族特朗代克·韦钦(Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in)的家园。19世纪末,克朗代克淘金热给原住民生活带来前所未有的冲击,该地区的考古和历史资源体现了他们如何应对这些改变。这一系列遗址反映了该地区殖民历史的不同方面,包括原住民与殖民者交流的场所,以及展现原住民族应对殖民影响的遗址。

source: UNESCO/CPE
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Трондек-Клондайк
Расположенный вдоль реки Юкон в субарктическом регионе Северо-Западных территорий Канады, Трондек-Клондайк находится на территории проживания коренного народа Трондек Хвечин. Здесь собраны археологические и исторические источники, отражающие адаптацию коренного населения к беспрецедентным изменениям, вызванным Клондайкской золотой лихорадкой в конце XIX века. Здесь представлены различные аспекты колонизации этой территории, в том числе места контактов между коренным населением и колонистами, а также места, демонстрирующие адаптацию Трондек Хвечин к колониальному присутствию.

source: UNESCO/CPE
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Tr'ondëk-Klondike
Situada a orillas del río Yukón, en la región subártica del noroeste de Canadá, Tr'ondëk-Klondike se encuentra en la tierra natal de la Primera Nación Tr'ondëk Hwëch'in. Contiene fuentes arqueológicas e históricas que reflejan la adaptación de los indígenas a los cambios sin precedentes provocados por la fiebre del oro de Klondike a finales del siglo XIX. La serie ilustra distintos aspectos de la colonización de esta zona, incluidos sitios de intercambio entre la población indígena y los colonos, y sitios que demuestran las adaptaciones de los Tr'ondëk Hwëch'in a la presencia colonial.

source: UNESCO/CPE
Description is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0

Third Avenue, Dawson City © Government of Yukon
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief synthesis

Tr’ondëk-Klondike is located in the homeland of the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in, in north-western Canada. It is a serial property that includes eight component parts: Fort Reliance; Ch’ëdähdëk (Forty Mile); Ch’ëdähdëk Tth’än K’et (Dënezhu Graveyard); Fort Cudahy and Fort Constantine; Tr’ochëk; Dawson City; Jëjik Dhä Dënezhu Kek’it (Moosehide Village); and Tthe Zrąy Kek’it (Black City). These have been significant resource and cultural areas for the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in’s ancestors for thousands of years and were fundamentally transformed during the colonial occupation of these lands. Collectively, the geographical, structural, and archaeological evidence of the Tr’ondëk-Klondike serial property represents a rare and exceptionally preserved tangible illustration of dramatic modifications of land use, settlement patterns, and economy caused by the rapid and large scale of the colonising incursion of newcomers into the ancestral land of the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in in search of gold and precious minerals. It also testifies to the intense upheaval that impacted the Indigenous people between 1874 and 1908, their dispossession from, and marginalisation in, their ancestral land, as well as their response and adaptation to the progressive colonial affirmation of the newly established Dominion of Canada. The component parts are also places where, through the endurance and revival of traditions, the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in have fostered and maintained their distinct cultural identity.

Criterion (iv): Tr’ondëk-Klondike includes archaeological immovable remains, built structures and settlement patterns that illustrate the dramatic encounter triggered by the feverish search for precious metals between the Indigenous population and outsiders in a sub-arctic region, the colonial affirmation of the latter over the lands, resources and people, and the Indigenous people’s response to these events, in the late 19th century. Tr’ondëk-Klondike stands out as a very rare occurrence and provides remarkable evidence of growing colonial influence within a concentrated timeframe – from the construction of the first commercial fur-trading post at Fort Reliance in 1874, to the Klondike Gold Rush of 1896-1898, and, ultimately, the consolidation of colonial authority by 1908.

Integrity

Tr’ondëk-Klondike falls entirely within the homeland of the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in. All the elements necessary to demonstrate the integrity of Tr’ondëk-Klondike – composed of encampments and harvesting sites, buildings, artefacts, and buried archaeological features – are found within the boundaries of the serial property, which is of adequate size to convey the property’s Outstanding Universal Value. Key elements of the landscape setting that provide functional links among component parts are included in the buffer zones, whilst expansive views and viewsheds from component parts over the riverine landscape, the surrounding hills and mountains that contribute to the understanding of the Outstanding Universal Value are part of the wider setting. As a whole, the property does not suffer from the adverse effects of development or neglect. The physical evidence that transmits the Outstanding Universal Value of Tr’ondëk-Klondike is in good condition and the property’s component parts are protected and managed under appropriate legislation and policy, with no component part exposed to unplanned or unregulated developments.

Authenticity

The authenticity of Tr’ondëk-Klondike is confirmed in the location and setting, changing land uses, and patterns of settlement by the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in in response to the incursion of foreigners into their homeland. The property includes evidence related to both foreign colonial actors and Indigenous people that demonstrates extreme and rapid socio-economic change, as well as an active continuation of cultural traditions, resource use, and established settlement patterns. The authenticity of Tr’ondëk-Klondike is supported through Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in’s stories and oral history about the property, the assessment and reporting on the archaeological and historical resources, and archival and documentary records. Authenticity is also confirmed by language and other forms of intangible heritage, such as place names and the traditions, laws and customs of the Tr'ondëk Hwëch'in known as ‘Tr’ëhudè’, and the landscape setting and views from and over the Tr’ondëk-Klondike serial property.

Protection and management requirements

The property is subject to a strong and comprehensive legislative and jurisdictional framework, across four levels of government, that protects the historic and archaeological resources of Tr’ondëk-Klondike. Protection and management of the serial property is secured through Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in, territorial, federal, and municipal legislation and policies. Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in’s legislation is consistent with traditional governance, traditional practices, community planning, and conservation policies.

Territorial, federal, and municipal laws and policies contribute to the protection, conservation practices, management, and legal recognition of community-based planning and formal designation of historic sites. All component parts are designated as either national, territorial, or municipal historic sites or protected burial sites, or identified in the Tr’ondëk Hwëch’in Final Agreement, which outlines provisions of protection and management. The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) concerning the Joint Management and Protection of Tr’ondëk-Klondike and the “Tr’ondëk–Klondike World Heritage Site Management Plan” provide a framework for the four levels of government that have regulatory, management, or administrative responsibilities for the property. The management plan describes principles, objectives and responsibilities of each partner and relies on existing management plans for individual designated heritage sites.

Long-term protection and management challenges for the property include the effects of climate change and other environmental factors; the decision-making process has been strengthened to avoid threats from mineral exploitation.

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