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World Heritage Convention

Decision 35 COM 7A.17
Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Uganda) (C 1022)

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-11/35.COM/7A.Add,

2. Recalling Decision 34 COM 7B.53, adopted at its 34th session (Brasilia, 2010),

3. Welcomes the revised Reconstruction Strategy as the basis for the reconstruction of the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga, recognises the collaborative efforts that have achieved it, and considers that the Strategy should include the results of a research project to collect documentation on the traditional building practices of the other Gandan tombs that will inform the detailed plans;

4. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies before any work commences, details of the fire prevention plan for the whole property as well as final reconstruction drawings for the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga;

5. Also considers that following review of the fire prevention plan by the Advisory Bodies, work can commence with site clearing and emergency measures to protect the property, including the installation of fire protection;

6. Also welcomes the emerging interest in reviving traditional knowledge and skills related to building construction, and notes the crucial role to be played by master craftsmen in the reconstruction project;

7. Also notes the poor state of conservation of the overall property and urges the State Party to develop an overall Master Plan for the property as a matter of urgency in order to address threats to integrity and authenticity arising from encroachment and alterations to traditional buildings, and to submit this Plan to the World Heritage Centre, for review by the Advisory Bodies;

8. Further notes the decision by the Baganda Kingdom to halt plans for developing 40 acres of the property, which could have impacted irreversibly on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property, and also urges the State Party to put in place strong protection mechanisms for the property as a whole to ensure that the farmland is not developed;

9. Adopts the following Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the World Heritage List in Danger:

a) Completion of appropriate reconstruction of the Muzibu Azaala Mpanga, including an effective and appropriate fire protection system and taking into account the results of a survey of the traditional building practices of the other Gandan tombs, and the restoration of the related buildings associated with Ganda craftsmen,

b) Existence of a disaster risk management strategy including installation of an effective fire protection system for the whole of the property,

c) Measures in place to ensure the vitality of the property is sustained through the transfer of knowledge to future generations,

d) Conservation of the key attributes of the overall property, including fences and boundary trees, and the removal of inappropriate buildings,

e) Management structures in place to ensure that the custodians and craftsmen have appropriate living and working conditions,

f) Adoption of an overall Master Plan for the property;

10. Also adopts the following corrective measures and timetable, in order to restore the integrity and authenticity of the property, following the destruction of the Muzibu Mzaala Mpanga, and meet the Desired state of conservation:

a) Initiate a research project to document traditional building materials and techniques of Ganda tomb buildings,

b) Reconstruct the Muzibu Mzaala Mpanga and fully document the process, including details of all materials and their sources and associated ceremonies and make this material publically available - End 2012,

c) Prepare a Master Plan for the overall property for the phased removal of inappropriate buildings, the restoration of other buildings and the reinstatement of fences and boundary trees - June 2012,

d) On-going implementation of the Management Plan over a two-year period,

e) Improve the role and profile of custodians and craftsmen in relation to their knowledge of traditional practices - December 2011,

f) Develop and fully implement a disaster risk management strategy,

g) Develop a capacity building strategy;

11. Also requests the State Party to invite a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS/ICCROM reactive monitoring mission to assess progress in the restoration project and in the implementation of all the corrective measures;

12. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2012, an updated report on the reconstruction project, and issues mentioned above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 36th session in 2012;

13. Decides to retain Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi (Uganda) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Code
35 COM 7A.17
Conservation, List of World Heritage in Danger
States Parties 1
State of conservation reports
2011 Tombs of Buganda Kings at Kasubi
Decisions Adopted by the Word Heritage Committee at its 35th Session (UNESCO, 2011)
Context of Decision