Property: Kalwaria Zebrzydowska: the Mannerist architectural and Park Landscape Complex and Pilgrimage Park
Id. N°: 905
State Party: Poland
Criteria: C (ii) (iv)
The Committee inscribed the site on the World Heritage List on the basis of criteria (ii) and (iv):
Criterion (ii): Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is an exceptional cultural monument in which the natural landscape was used as the setting for a symbolic representation in the form of chapels and avenues of the events of the Passion of Christ. The result is a cultural landscape of great beauty and spiritual quality in which natural and man-made elements combine in a harmonious manner.
Criterion (iv): The Counter Reformation in the late 16th century led to a flowering in the creation of Calvaries in Europe. Kalwaria Zebrzydowska is an outstanding example of this type of large-scale landscape design, which incorporates natural beauty with spiritual objectives and the principles of Baroque park design.