Take advantage of the search to browse through the World Heritage Centre information.

Rishikesh Complex of Ruru Kshetra

Date of Submission: 30/01/2008
Criteria: (ii)(iii)(vi)
Category: Cultural
Submitted by:
Department of Archaeology
State, Province or Region:
Palpa District, Lumbini Zone, West Nepal
Coordinates: N27 56 26 E82 26 38
Ref.: 5259

The Tentative Lists of States Parties are published by the World Heritage Centre at its website and/or in working documents in order to ensure transparency, access to information and to facilitate harmonization of Tentative Lists at regional and thematic levels.

The sole responsibility for the content of each Tentative List lies with the State Party concerned. The publication of the Tentative Lists does not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever of the World Heritage Committee or of the World Heritage Centre or of the Secretariat of UNESCO concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its boundaries.

Property names are listed in the language in which they have been submitted by the State Party


The Hindu pilgrimage and crematory centre mentioned in the mythological epics lies on the ancient route to Muktinath and Damodar Kunda. The complex presents various forms of architecture; typical medieval temple complex, sculptures of the Sen Period (15th to 18th Century).  The adjacent settlement of Ridi still retains its medieval character and architecture with its close linkage to the Rishikesh Complex.  The living heritage of Rishikesh of Ruru Kshetra is still preserved, with fairs and festivals being held regularly, ancient worship practices related to the propagation of Vedic rituals and culture and the practice of Bhaktini Amas (Female Mendicants).

Statements of authenticity and/or integrity

The Rishikesh Complex of Ruru Kshetra including the settlement of Ridi embraces an intact medieval ensemble within an undisturbed landscape. The living heritage is well preserved and most ancient practices and rituals have carrid on over the ages.

Comparison with other similar properties

This property can be compared to Pashupati, which is one of the seven monument zones of the Kathmandu Valley World Heritage Site in both physical context as well as religious significance.