State of Conservation
Category of site
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site
Site inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Andorra Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Cuba Cyprus Czechia Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Denmark Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Fiji Finland France Gabon Georgia Germany Ghana Greece Guatemala Guinea Haiti Holy See Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Ireland Italy Jamaica Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Libya Lithuania Luxembourg Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Mali Malta Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Nepal Netherlands (Kingdom of the) New Zealand Niger Nigeria North Macedonia Norway Oman Pakistan Panama Paraguay Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Republic of Korea Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka State of Palestine Sudan Suriname Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Togo Tunisia Türkiye Turkmenistan Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uruguay Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan 2660 Housing 1271 Illegal activities 998 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 778 Ground transport infrastructure 775 Management activities 570 Legal framework 560 Land conversion 545 Mining 452 Financial resources 448 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 431 Human resources 391 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 390 Water infrastructure 356 Civil unrest 311 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 306 Water (rain/water table) 272 War 257 Deliberate destruction of heritage 254 Interpretative and visitation facilities 215 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 202 Erosion and siltation/ deposition 193 Governance 188 Surface water pollution 177 Invasive/alien terrestrial species 174 Oil and gas 173 Commercial development 167 Solid waste 164 Marine transport infrastructure 147 Forestry /wood production 142 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 138 Storms 118 Flooding 117 Major linear utilities 115 Crop production 111 Earthquake 103 Fire (widlfires) 97 Water (extraction) 80 Underground transport infrastructure 76 Relative humidity 75 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 71 Air pollution 70 Other climate change impacts 70 Renewable energy facilities 69 Society's valuing of heritage 62 Invasive / alien freshwater species 62 Air transport infrastructure 59 Localised utilities 57 High impact research / monitoring activities 56 Commercial hunting 55 Industrial areas 51 Wind 51 Quarrying 44 Subsistence hunting 42 Ground water pollution 39 Input of excess energy 38 Drought 33 Avalanche/ landslide 33 Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 32 Non-renewable energy facilities 31 Invasive / alien marine species 30 Changes to oceanic waters 23 Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 22 Desertification 22 Pollution of marine waters 21 Temperature change 18 Translocated species 17 Micro-organisms 15 Temperature 14 Volcanic eruption 9 Military training 8 Pests 6 Terrorism 6 Subsistence wild plant collection 5 Hyper-abundant species 5 Aquaculture 4 Low impact research / monitoring activities 4 Radiation/light 3 Tsunami/tidal wave 3
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).