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Komodo National Park

Factors affecting the property in 2000*
  • Fire (widlfires)
  • Fishing/collecting aquatic resources
  • Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community
  • Illegal activities
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Preparation of a zonation map of Komodo National Park (issue resolved)
  • Population pressure
  • Forest fires
  • Poaching (deer)
  • Coral blasting
  • Fish poisoning
  • Tourism pressures
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2000
Requests approved: 3 (from 1993-1995)
Total amount approved : 119,500 USD
Missions to the property until 2000**

July 1995: evaluation mission on the state of conservation (mission cancelled); September 2000: joint UNESCO/IUCN mission

Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 2000

Previous deliberations
Twenty-third session of the Committee – paragraph X.28 and Annex VIII
Twenty-third ordinary session of the Bureau – paragraph IV.34

New information: The Permanent Delegate of Indonesia has informed the Centre, via a letter dated 22 November 1999, that the UNESCO/IUCN mission to the site, recommended by the twenty-third session of the Bureau (July, 1999), could proceed if the costs of the mission could be borne by the World Heritage Fund. In addition, the proposed mission to the site that was to be undertaken by a Government team in late 1999 could not proceed due to budgetary constraints. The Centre, in co-operation with the UNESCO Office in Jakarta has contacted the Directorate of Nature Conservation and Forest Protection (PKA) and has obtained its co-operation for fielding a mission comprising an IUCN expert, the Marine Sciences specialist in UNESCO, Jakarta, and a selected number of Indonesian Government participants. Possible dates for the mission during May-June 2000 are currently under discussion.

The site manager of Komodo National Park, and the other World Heritage site of Indonesia, i.e. Ujung Kulon National Park, and a representative of PKA are due to attend a workshop for the development of a project on "Sustainable Tourism and Biodiversity Conservation of World Natural Heritage sites” on 11 and 12 May 2000. The concept for the project was jointly elaborated by the Centre, the UNEP Office for Technology, Industry and Economics (TIE) in Paris and the RARE Center for Tropical Conservation in Washington D.C., USA. The project concept has been endorsed by the UN Foundation for further development and submission for consideration for financing at the UNF Board Meeting in July 2000. Komodo National Park, chosen as one of the six pilot sites being considered for this project, could benefit from this project and sustainable tourism activities developed as an alternative for unsustainable fishing practices that has been threatening the integrity of this site and led to the recommendation of the twenty-third session of the Bureau in July 1999 that an UNESCO/IUCN mission be sent to the site. The Centre will discuss details concerning the mission further with the Indonesian authorities due to visit UNESCO during 11 and 12 May 2000 and provide additional information at the time of the Bureau session.

Action Required

The Bureau, based on additional information to be presented at the time of its session, may wish to take appropriate decisions thereupon.

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2000

A team comprising experts from IUCN, the UNESCO Office in Jakarta, Indonesia and the National Park Agency of Indonesia are on a monitoring mission to this site from 25 to 29 September 2000. A report on the findings of the mission will be presented at the time of the extraordinary session of the Bureau. On 22 July 2000 the UN Foundation approved a US$ 2.5 million project entitled “Linking Conservation of Biodiversity and Sustainable Tourism at World Heritage sites” for six sites, including the Komodo and Ujung Kulon National Parks of Indonesia. Project execution is expected to begin in January 2001. 

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2000
24 BUR IV.B.30
Komodo National Park (Indonesia)

The Centre informed the Bureau that the UNESCO/IUCN mission to the site, recommended by the twenty-third session of the Bureau, had been postponed and could now proceed in September 2000.

IUCN pointed out that it is looking forward to participating in the mission, which will focus on practical means to address destructive fishing practices for local communities and viable development such as ecotourism. IUCN also noted that the UN Foundation has approved a project with the aim of improving the global coverage of marine World Heritage sites.

The Bureau urged the Centre and the State Party to co-operate in preparing the mission to the site and to provide a report including mitigation measures against threats caused by dynamite and cyanide fishing in time for the twenty-fourth session of the World Heritage Committee.

24 COM VIII.iii
State of conservation reports of natural properties noted by the Committee

 State of conservation reports of natural properties noted by the Committee

Belovezhskaya Pushcha/Bialowieza Forest (Belarus/Poland)

Pirin National Park (Bulgaria)

Dja Faunal Reserve (Cameroon)

Gros Morne National Park (Canada)

Canadian Rocky Mountains Parks (Canada)

Comoe National Park (Côte d'Ivoire)

Galapagos Islands (Ecuador)

Komodo National Park (Indonesia)

Lorenz National Park (Indonesia)

Mount Kenya National Park/Natural Forest (Kenya)

Te Wahipounamu - South West New Zealand (New Zealand)

Arabian Oryx Sanctuary (Oman)

Huascarán National Park (Peru)

Danube Delta (Romania)

Lake Baikal (Russian Federation)

Niokolo-Koba National Park (Senegal)

Doñana National Park (Spain)

Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Sri Lanka)

Bwindi Impenetrable Forest (Uganda)

Gough Island (United Kingdom)

Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Serengeti National Park (United Republic of Tanzania)

Ha Long Bay (Vietnam)

Mosi-oa-Tunya/Victoria Falls (Zambia/Zimbabwe)

The Bureau, based on new information to be made available at the time of its extraordinary session may wish to take appropriate decisions and make recommendations to the consideration of the State Party, IUCN and the Centre.

Report year: 2000
Date of Inscription: 1991
Category: Natural
Criteria: (vii)(x)

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.