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Factors affecting the property in 1991*
  • Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports

Management issues

International Assistance: requests for the property until 1991
Requests approved: 1 (from 1991-1991)
Total amount approved : 20,000 USD
Missions to the property until 1991**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 1991


This mixed site was inscribed on the World Heritage List by the Committee in 1988. IUCN had drawn the attention of the Bureau, at its fourteenth session, to the problem of over-use of this site by tourists. Subsequently, the Ministry of Culture of Turkey organized an international workshop from 1-3 July 1991, to discuss a draft "Preservation and Management Plan" for the site. The organization of this workshop was supported by a financial contribution of US$20,000 from the World Heritage Fund.

The "Preservation and Management Plan" for this World Heritage site contains several proposals, such as:

(a) the removal of all tourist facilities to locations outside of the World Heritage site;

(b) the closure of a road crossing the World Heritage site;

(c) restriction on visitor-use of the travertine pools to a small area near the northern entrance to the site, and

(d) the development of some tourist facilities, such as car parks outside the northern entrance to the site which, if implemented, could improve the state of conservation of this site.

However, there is substantial resistance from interest groups linked to the tourist industry against the implementation of these management strategies. The Secretariat is in contact with the Permanent Delegation of Turkey to UNESCO regarding the implementation of the Plan, and will provide an update on the subject at the time of the meeting of the Committee. 

Summary of the interventions
This report was not discussed during the World Heritage Committee session.
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 1991

No draft Decision

Report year: 1991
Date of Inscription: 1988
Category: Mixed
Criteria: (iii)(iv)(vii)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 15COM (1991)

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.