State of Conservation
Category of site
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site
Site inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger
Cultural site Natural site Mixed site
States PartiesAfghanistan Albania Algeria Argentina Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahrain Bangladesh Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bolivia (Plurinational State of) Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Brazil Bulgaria Burkina Faso Cambodia Cameroon Canada Central African Republic Chad Chile China Colombia Congo Costa Rica Côte d'Ivoire Croatia Czechia Democratic People's Republic of Korea Democratic Republic of the Congo Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt Eritrea Ethiopia France Georgia Germany Ghana Guinea Haiti Honduras Hungary India Indonesia Iran (Islamic Republic of) Iraq Italy Japan Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kyrgyzstan Lao People's Democratic Republic Lebanon Lesotho Libya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritania Mauritius Mexico Micronesia (Federated States of) Mongolia Montenegro Morocco Mozambique Nepal Niger Nigeria North Macedonia Pakistan Palestine Panama Peru Philippines Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Saint Lucia Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands South Africa Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Thailand Togo Tunisia Türkiye Uganda Ukraine United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland United Republic of Tanzania United States of America Uzbekistan Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) Viet Nam Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsManagement systems/ management plan 319 Housing 157 Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 112 Illegal activities 105 Ground transport infrastructure 91 Legal framework 88 Land conversion 74 Management activities 65 Mining 56 Human resources 54 Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 53 Water infrastructure 51 Financial resources 49 War 44 Governance 43 Interpretative and visitation facilities 39 Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 39 Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 36 Water (rain/water table) 34 Civil unrest 31 Invasive/alien terrestrial species 30 Commercial development 27 Deliberate destruction of heritage 27 Erosion and siltation/ deposition 25 Marine transport infrastructure 21 Other climate change impacts 21 Forestry /wood production 20 Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 19 Surface water pollution 19 Oil and gas 19 Solid waste 18 Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 17 Flooding 16 Underground transport infrastructure 15 Major linear utilities 15 Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 15 Fire (widlfires) 15 Society's valuing of heritage 14 Air transport infrastructure 11 Commercial hunting 11 Renewable energy facilities 10 Crop production 10 Water (extraction) 10 Storms 10 Air pollution 9 Non-renewable energy facilities 8 Earthquake 8 High impact research / monitoring activities 8 Quarrying 7 Relative humidity 6 Wind 6 Changes to oceanic waters 6 Desertification 6 Invasive / alien freshwater species 6 Localised utilities 5 Ground water pollution 5 Subsistence hunting 5 Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 5 Drought 5 Industrial areas 4 Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 4 Invasive / alien marine species 4 Input of excess energy 3 Pollution of marine waters 2 Aquaculture 2 Pests 2 Military training 2 Avalanche/ landslide 2 Hyper-abundant species 2 Translocated species 2 Low impact research / monitoring activities 2 Subsistence wild plant collection 1 Terrorism 1 Temperature change 1
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).