Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro

Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro

The old colonial town of Querétaro is unusual in having retained the geometric street plan of the Spanish conquerors side by side with the twisting alleys of the Indian quarters. The Otomi, the Tarasco, the Chichimeca and the Spanish lived together peacefully in the town, which is notable for the many ornate civil and religious Baroque monuments from its golden age in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Zone de monuments historiques de Querétaro

Fondation coloniale espagnole, Querétaro présente la singularité d'avoir conservé dès l'origine un quartier géométrique des conquérants jouxtant le quartier aux ruelles tortueuses des indigènes. Otomis, Tarascos, Chichimecas et Espagnols cohabitèrent ainsi harmonieusement dans cette ville célèbre pour ses innombrables monuments baroques, civils et religieux, à la décoration exubérante, qui datent de son âge d'or aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles.

منطقة النصب التاريخية في كويريتارو

كويريتارو المنشآة الاستعماريّة الاسبانيّة تتفرّد في المحافظة منذ البدء على حيٍّ هندسي مخصص للغزاة يقع قرب حيٍّ مليءٍ بالازقة المتعرّجة في الريف. فشعوب اوتومي وتاراسكو وشيشيميكا واسبانيا تعايشوا بانسجامٍ في هذه المدينة المشهورة بآثارها الباروكية المدنيّة والدينيّة التي لا تُحصى وبزينتها المُفرطة التي تعود الى عصرها الذهبي أي الى القرنَيْن السابع عشر والثامن عشر.

source: UNESCO/ERI

克雷塔罗历史遗迹区

克雷塔罗这个古老的殖民城,很好地保留了分别由印第安土著人和西班牙占领者所修建的城市街道和建筑,弯弯曲曲的印第安人街道与几何图形般方方正正的西班牙道路形成了鲜明对照。欧多米人、塔拉斯克人、齐齐美卡人和西班牙人在城里和平相处,克雷塔罗城于公元17世纪到18世纪到达了它的黄金时代,现在我们还能看到许多修建于那个时期的奢华的巴洛克式民居建筑和宗教建筑。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Зона исторических памятников в городе Керетаро

Старый колониальный город Керетаро необычен своей планировкой, сочетающей геометрическую сеть улиц в испанской части города и извилистые проходы в индейских кварталах. Город, где индейцы отоми, тараски, чичимеки мирно соседствовали с испанцами, примечателен множеством богато декорированных религиозных и гражданских памятников в стиле барокко, относимых к его «золотому веку» – XVII-XVIII вв.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Zona de monumentos históricos de Querétaro

La vieja ciudad colonial de Querétaro ofrece la singularidad de haber conservado su núcleo indígena primigenio de calles serpenteantes, junto con los barrios trazados con arreglo a un plan geométrico por los conquistadores españoles. Otomis, tarascos, chichimecas y españoles cohabitaron pacíficamente en esta ciudad, reputada por sus innumerables edificios civiles y religiosos de estilo barroco, profusamente ornamentados, que datan de su edad de oro (siglos XVII y XVIII).

source: UNESCO/ERI

ケレタロの歴史史跡地区
ケレタロは、メキシコシティ北方の高原地帯を占めるメキシコ中部の州名および州都。登録された物件は、1750~1760年代に、中央メキシコの山岳地帯シエラ・ゴルダ地区にできた5つのフランシスコ修道会伝道施設である。この地域では福音伝道の開始が遅く、カリフォルニア、アリゾナ、テキサスなどへの伝道と植民が重要な関心事となっていた。使徒と先住民の共同作業の聖火である豪奢な正面ファサードで知られる。

source: NFUAJ

Historische monumentenzone van Querétaro

De oude koloniale stad Querétaro is bijzonder vanwege het behoud van het geometrische stratenplan van de Spaanse veroveraars, samen met de kronkelige steegjes van de Indiase wijken. De Otomi, de Tarasken, de Chichimeca en de Spanjaarden leefden vreedzaam samen in de stad. Querétaro is ook opmerkelijk vanwege de vele sierlijke burgerlijke en religieuze barokke monumenten uit haar Gouden Eeuw in de 17e en 18e eeuw. De Mexicaanse onafhankelijkheid in 1810 was het begin van de economische neergang van Querétaro. In 1848 vond er nog wel een belangrijke historische gebeurtenis plaats: de afsluiting van het vredesverdrag met de Verenigde Staten.

Source: unesco.nl

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Historic town of Santiago de Queretaro, Fuente de Neptuno (Neptune’s Fountain), Province of Queretaro, Mexico, UNESCO World Heritage Site Ville Historique de Santiago de Queretaro, Fuente de Neptuno (Fontaine de Neptune), Etat de Queretaro, Mexique, Site du Patrimoine Mondial de l’UNESCO Historische Stadt Santiago de Queretaro, Fuente de Neptuno (Neptun Fontäne, Fontaene), Provinz Queretaro, Mexiko, Welterbe der UNESCO © M & G Therin-Weise
Outstanding Universal Value

Brief Synthesis

The Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro is located in the state of Querétaro in Mexico. It is an exceptional example of a colonial town whose layout symbolizes its multi-ethnic population. It is also endowed with a wealth of outstanding buildings, notably from the 17th and 18th centuries. The property is unusual in having retained the geometric street plan of the Spanish conquerors side by side with the twisting alleys of the Indian quarters. The Otomi, the Tarasco, the Chichimeca and the Spanish lived together in the town, which is notable for the many ornate civil and religious Baroque monuments, with a skyline that has been defined since the 16th century. The urban layout of is unique for Spanish colonial towns in the Americas in that its town plan was from the start divided into two distinct sections- one rectilinear and intended for Spanish settlers and the other composed of smaller, winding streets where the indigenous population lived.

Upon construction, the city quickly assumed a double pivotal role in the structure to the south-east that had to be crossed in order to reach the capital of New Spain and at the same time it was the boundary between the southern lands, gradually settled by the Spaniards, and the northern region, which was under the control of hostile nomad peoples such as the Chichimecas.

The property covers 4 sq. kilometres with 203 blocks. There are 1400 designated monuments, of which twenty are religious and fifteen are used for public services. The many non-religious buildings in Querétaro, again mostly Baroque, are not innovative or exceptional in plan. Their special significance lies in the design and construction of a wide range of multilobate arches, to be found only in the interiors of the houses and palaces, which give the Baroque architecture of Querétaro an exceptional and original character, which is enhanced by the 'pink stone, eagerly sought and used in other parts of the region. Today, it continues to be a lively historic urban centre.

Criterion (ii): The Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro has a unique urban character and layout that reflects the coexistence of different groups in the same urban space. It has several well preserved civil and religious buildings, which have unique constructive and decorative expressions, as the variety of poly-lobed arches and unique mixtilinear caryatids supports quad of St. Augustine.

Criterion (iv): TheHistoric Monuments Zone of Querétaro is an exceptional example of a Spanish colonial town whose layout symbolizes its multiethnic population. It is also endowed with a wealth of outstanding buildings, notably from the 17th and 18th centuries.

Integrity

The different urban elements that comprise the Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro are present within the inscribed property. These include its design, its plazas, open spaces such as Alameda,  neighbourhoods, the aqueduct, monuments and fountains, and civil and religious construction, that form a harmonious whole, with great consistency, unity and urban integrity, despite the changes that have occurred at different times in the city.            

Authenticity

The Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro is distinguished by its rich heritage built and perfectly preserved in its architecture, built by various civil and religious institutions. It is an historic colonial town that continues to exist largely within its original town plan of the 16th century and retains a very high proportion of old buildings, notably from the 17th and 18th centuries. As a significant group of buildings making up a living urban ensemble, its authenticity is of a high order.

Protection and management requirements

Currently these are the laws and existing legal standards applied tothe protection and conservation of the Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro at the federal, state and municipal levels. These include the Constitution of the United Mexican States, the General Law on Human Settlements, the General Law of Ecological Equilibrium and Environmental Protection, the 1972 Federal Law on Historic, Archaeological and Artistic Monuments and Zones,  the Constitution of the Free and Sovereign State of Querétaro de Arteaga,  the Urban Code for the State of Querétaro, the Construction regulations for the City of Querétaro, the Municipal Code of Querétaro, the Regulations for the particular placement of furniture in the streets, advertisements and covers for Historic Monuments Zone of Santiago Querétaro and the Partial Plan Urban Development Area Monuments and traditional district of the city of Santiago de Querétaro.

The Management Plan and Conservation Area of Historic Monuments and Traditional Neighbourhoods City of Santiago de Querétaro is a crucial tool for the implementation of the management strategies that must be followed in the conservation of tangible and intangible cultural heritage of the property, through protection indicators, governance policies and the creation of the management unit for the historic centre. This government agency, with citizen participation, is the entity that integrates the different levels of decision making and responsibilities of authorities at the different degrees with the objective of sustaining the conservation and management of the Historic Monuments Zone of Querétaro.