City of Quito

City of Quito

Quito, the capital of Ecuador, was founded in the 16th century on the ruins of an Inca city and stands at an altitude of 2,850 m. Despite the 1917 earthquake, the city has the best-preserved, least altered historic centre in Latin America. The monasteries of San Francisco and Santo Domingo, and the Church and Jesuit College of La Compañía, with their rich interiors, are pure examples of the 'Baroque school of Quito', which is a fusion of Spanish, Italian, Moorish, Flemish and indigenous art.

Ville de Quito

Fondée au XVIe siècle sur les ruines d'une cité inca à 2 850 m d'altitude, la capitale de l'Équateur possède toujours, malgré le tremblement de terre de 1917, le centre historique le mieux préservé et le moins modifié d'Amérique latine. Les monastères San Francisco et Santo Domingo, l'église et le collège jésuite de La Compañía, avec leurs riches décorations intérieures, sont des exemples parfaits de l'« école baroque de Quito », mélange d'art espagnol, italien, mauresque, flamand et indien.

مدينة كيتو

تأسست عاصمة الإكوادور في القرن السادس عشر على أنقاض إحدى مدن حضارة الإنكا على ارتفاع 2850 متراً وفيها، على الرغم من زلزال العام 1917م،ّ الوسط التاريخي الأفضل حفظاً والأقل تغيّراً في أمريكا اللاتينيّة. وتشكّل أديرة سان فرانسيسكو وسانتو دومينيغو والكنيسة ودير لا كومبانيا اليسوعي بزخارفها الداخليّة الجميلة خير مثال على مدرسة كيتو ذات الطراز الباروكي وهي مزيج بين الفنّ الإسباني والإيطالي والمغربي/الأندلسي والفلمندي والهندي.

source: UNESCO/ERI

基多旧城

厄瓜多尔的首都基多城海拔2850米,是在16世纪一个印加城市的废墟上建立起来的。尽管历经了1917年的地震,基多仍然是拉丁美洲保存最好、变化最小的历史中心。圣弗朗西斯修道院和圣多明各修道院,拉孔帕尼亚的教堂和耶酥会学院,连同这些建筑华丽的内部装饰都成为了“基多巴洛克风格”的纯正典范,完美地融合了西班牙、意大利、摩尔人式、佛兰德和当地艺术。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Город Кито

Столица Эквадора Кито была основана в XVI в. на руинах древнего города инков на высоте 2850 м. Несмотря на землетрясение 1917 г., исторический центр Кито является наиболее сохранившимся городом Латинской Америки. Монастыри Сан-Франциско и Санто-Доминго, церковь и колледж иезуитов Ла-Компанья с богатыми интерьерами – все это наглядные примеры "барочной школы Кито", которая является сплавом испанского, итальянского, мавританского, фламандского и местного искусства.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Ciudad de Quito

Fundada en el siglo XVI sobre las ruinas de una antigua ciudad inca y encaramada a 2.850 metros de altitud, la capital de Ecuador posee el centro histórico mejor conservado y menos alterado de toda América Latina, a pesar del terremoto que la sacudió en 1917. Suntuosamente ornamentados en su interior, los monasterios de San Francisco y Santo Domingo, así como la iglesia y el colegio de la Compañía de Jesús, son un acabado ejemplo del arte de la escuela barroca de Quito, en el que se funden las influencias estéticas españolas, italianas, mudéjares, flamencas e indígenas.

source: UNESCO/ERI

キト市街

source: NFUAJ

Quito (stad)

Quito is de hoofdstad van Ecuador en werd in de 16e eeuw gesticht op de ruïnes van een Inca stad. De stad ligt op een hoogte van 2.850 meter. Ondanks de aardbeving in 1917 heeft Quito het best bewaarde historische centrum van Latijns-Amerika. De kloosters van San Francisco en Santo Domingo en de kerk en het jezuïetencollege van La Compañia met hun rijke interieurs, zijn pure voorbeelden van de ‘barokschool van Quito’. Dit is een mix van Spaanse, Italiaanse, Moorse, Vlaamse en inheemse kunst. De huizen van Quito zijn voornamelijk gebouwd in de oude Spaanse of Moorse stijl.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

Quito, the capital of Ecuador, forms a harmonious ensemble sui generis, where the actions of man and nature are brought together to create a work unique and transcendental of its kind. With its historic centre and its buildings the city is an outstanding example of the Baroque school of Quito, a fusion of European and indigenous art.

The city occupies a small basin in the great central plateau formed by the volcano Pichincha, the Puengasi ridge, and ridges formed by spurs from the eastern side of Pichincha. The land upon which Quito is built is uneven and is traversed by two deep ravines (quebradas), one of which is arched over in great part to preserve the alignment of the streets, the drainage of which escapes through a cleft in the ridge northward to the plain of Tumbaco.

Quito (2,850 m above sea level) derives its name from the Quitus, who inhabited the region a long time before the Spanish conquest. In 533 Sebastian Benalcazar took peaceable possession of the native town, which had been successively a capital of the Seyris and the Incas, and in 1541 it was elevated to the rank of a Spanish city.

Its full title was San Francisco del Quito, and it was the capital of the province or presidency of Quito down to the end of Spanish colonial rule. It has suffered repeatedly from earthquakes, the greatest damage occurring from those of 1797 and 1859 but the city has the best preserved and least altered historic centre in Latin America.

The Franciscan Order was the first to establish itself in Quito and immediately started built a monastery which became the centre of education and art with its own schools of painting and sculpture. The Augustinian, Dominicans and Jesuits subsequently shaped the appearance of the city with their monasteries. The monasteries of San Francisco and Santo Domingo and the Church and Jesuit College of La Compañía with their rich interiors are pure examples of the so-called 'Baroque school of Quito', a fusion of Spanish, Italian, Moorish, Flemish and indigenous art. La Compañía is probably the richest church in South America with its golden altar.

The city is in great part laid out in rectangular squares, the streets approximately aligned on the cardinal points of the compass. The houses of Quito are chiefly built in the old Spanish or Moorish style. The building material in general use is sun-dried brick, covered in the better houses with plaster or stucco.

The public buildings are of the heavy Spanish type. Facing on to the principal square are the cathedral, the government palace, the archbishop's palace and the city hall. The finest building in the city is the Jesuit church, the facade of which is covered with elaborate carving.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC