Doñana National Park

Doñana National Park

Doñana National Park in Andalusia occupies the right bank of the Guadalquivir river at its estuary on the Atlantic Ocean. It is notable for the great diversity of its biotopes, especially lagoons, marshlands, fixed and mobile dunes, scrub woodland and maquis. It is home to five threatened bird species. It is one of the largest heronries in the Mediterranean region and is the wintering site for more than 500,000 water fowl each year.

Parc national de Doñana

Situé en Andalousie, le parc de Doñana occupe la rive droite du Guadalquivir, à son estuaire sur l'océan Atlantique. Il est remarquable par la grande diversité de ses biotopes, notamment lagunes, marais, dunes fixes et mobiles, buissons et maquis. Il est l'habitat de cinq espèces d'oiseaux menacées. C'est l'une des plus grandes héronnières de la région méditerranéenne et le site d'hivernage de plus de 500 000 oiseaux d'eau.

منتزه دنيانا الوطني

يقع المنتزه في الأندلس عند الضفّة اليمنى لنهر "غوادالكبير" (الوادي الكبير) في مصبّه على المحيط الأطلسي. وهو معروف لتنوّع مداه الجغرافي من بحيرات شاطئية ومستنقعات وكثب ثابتة ومتحرّكة وغابات صغيرة وأجمة. وهو موطن خمسة أصناف من الطيور المهددة وأعظم مواطن أعشاش مالك الحزين في المنطقة المتوسطية والموقع الذي يبيت فيه أكثر من  500000 عصفور مائي في فصل الشتاء.

source: UNESCO/ERI

多南那国家公园

安达卢西亚的多南那国家公园位于瓜达尔基维尔河汇入大西洋入海口的右岸。该国家公园以生态系统的多样性而著称,这里有环礁湖、沼泽地、固定和移动的沙丘、丛林地和灌木地带。这里还生活着5种濒危鸟类,同时,此地还是地中海地区最大的鸟类蛋孵化地之一,每年都有超过50万只水禽在这里栖息越冬。

source: UNESCO/ERI

Национальный парк Доньяна

Национальный парк Доньяна в Андалусии занимает правобережье эстуария реки Гвадалквивир вблизи ее впадения в Атлантический океан. Эта местность знаменита разнообразием своих ландшафтов, среди которых – лагуны, болота, подвижные и закрепленные дюны, кустарники и леса, маквис. Здесь обитают представители пяти редких и исчезающих видов птиц, обосновалась одна из крупнейших в Средиземноморье колоний цапель, а на зимовку сюда прилетает свыше 500 тыс. водоплавающих птиц.

source: UNESCO/ERI

Parque Nacional de Doñana

Situado en Andalucía, el parque de Doñana ocupa la margen derecha del estuario del río Guadalquivir, cerca de su desembocadura en el Atlántico. Es notable por la gran variedad de sus biotopos: lagunas, marismas, matorrales, monte bajo mediterráneo y dunas móviles y fijas. Es el hábitat de cinco especies de aves en peligro de extinción, posee una de las mayores poblaciones de garzas de la región mediterránea y sirve de refugio invernal a más de medio millón de aves acuáticas.

source: UNESCO/ERI

ドニャーナ国立公園

source: NFUAJ

Nationaal park Doñana

Het nationaal park Doñana in Andalusië ligt op de rechteroever van de Guadalquivir rivier bij de monding van de Atlantische oceaan. Het park is opmerkelijk vanwege de grote diversiteit van haar biotopen. Zo zijn er lagunes, moerassen, vaste zandduinen en wandelende groepen duinen, struikbos en struikgewas. Het is de thuisbasis van vijf bedreigde vogelsoorten. Het is een van de grootste reigerkolonies in het Middellandse zeegebied en het overwinteringsgebied voor meer dan 500.000 watervogels per jaar. De fauna van het park bestaat onder meer uit 8 soorten vissen, 10 soorten amfibieën, 19 soorten reptielen, 30 soorten zoogdieren en 360 vogelsoorten.

Source: unesco.nl

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Long Description

The park and its buffer zones occupy the right bank of the Guadalquivir River at its estuary with the Atlantic. It is situated on quaternary deposits: mainly sand dunes and groups of shifting dunes, some of which move very rapidly. Major habitats consist of lagoons, marsh, fixed and mobile dune fields, scrub woodland and maquis. The faunal inventory includes 8 species of fish, 10 amphibian, 19 reptile, 30 mammal and 360 bird. The park supports important resident populations of the following threatened species: Spanish lynx, Adalbert's eagle, marbled teal, and white-headed duck. Black vulture and red kites are also present, as are large breeding colonies of waterfowl, herons, egrets and waders. It is the most important wintering site for waterfowl in Spain, receiving hundreds of thousands of visitors annually, and is a major stop-over on the route to and from Africa for migrating Palaearctic migrants.

In general the state of conservation of the park is satisfactory, but it does face numerous threats including its increasing isolation by agricultural development, tourism, poaching, over-grazing and illegal exploitation of crayfish. Doñana National Park has been a testing ground for conservation in Spain and has become very well known throughout Europe due to the controversies faced there and the innovative management approaches that have been taken. It is the only protected area that is not only a National Park but also a Ramsar site, a Biosphere Reserve as well as a European Community Special Protection Area. It is also known as the site which triggered the foundation of WWF in 1961.

Doñana has a known history of over 700 years. It was the favourite hunting reserve of Spanish kings such as Philip IV, Philip V and Alfonso XIII. It was owned by the Duchess of Alba and formed the backdrop of her portrait by Goya. The palace of Doñana remains as a testimony to this exalted past.

All Mediterranean wetland sites including Doñana have been exploited by humans since the beginning of civilization. Among the uses experienced in and around Doñana have been drainage of marshes and conversion to agriculture, grazing, fisheries, mineral and salt exploitation, hunting, harvesting of wetland vegetation, forestry plantations, use of pesticides, urban development, road construction and tourism. Although it has been affected by a number of human activities that have reduced its integrity, Doñana National Park is a resilient system and nature is still the dominant force. As the main threats have been averted and as restoration activities are under way, the future of the park seems assured. In the context of a crowded and long-inhabited continent, Doñana is one of the few national parks in Europe that can match the international significance met by parks in other parts of the world.

Source: UNESCO/CLT/WHC