State of Conservation (SOC)

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2548
Reports
443
Properties
131
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Statistics by properties (by regions and categories)
Year Property SOC Regions Categories
EUR-NA APA LAC ARB AFR Cultural Natural Mixed
1994
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
49
70%
12%
49 18
26%
4%
6
9%
1%
9
13%
2%
6
9%
1%
10
14%
2%
30
43%
7%
16
23%
4%
3
4%
1%
1995
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
53
74%
12%
53 16
22%
4%
14
19%
3%
7
10%
2%
8
11%
2%
8
11%
2%
29
40%
7%
21
29%
5%
3
4%
1%
1996
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
56
89%
12%
56 15
24%
3%
10
16%
2%
9
14%
2%
8
13%
2%
14
22%
3%
33
52%
7%
21
33%
4%
2
3%
0%
1997
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
77
120%
15%
73 20
31%
4%
22
34%
4%
12
19%
2%
9
14%
2%
14
22%
3%
41
64%
8%
32
50%
6%
4
6%
1%
1998
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
113
120%
21%
111 31
33%
6%
30
32%
5%
21
22%
4%
14
15%
3%
17
18%
3%
57
61%
10%
46
49%
8%
10
11%
2%
1999
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
91
72%
16%
91 18
14%
3%
28
22%
5%
19
15%
3%
8
6%
1%
18
14%
3%
41
32%
7%
44
35%
8%
6
5%
1%
2000
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
91
83%
14%
91 23
21%
4%
26
24%
4%
14
13%
2%
9
8%
1%
19
17%
3%
38
35%
6%
49
45%
8%
4
4%
1%
2001
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
107
96%
16%
106 37
33%
5%
28
25%
4%
14
13%
2%
12
11%
2%
16
14%
2%
47
42%
7%
54
48%
8%
6
5%
1%
2002
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
89
72%
12%
88 34
27%
5%
25
20%
3%
9
7%
1%
10
8%
1%
11
9%
2%
45
36%
6%
38
31%
5%
6
5%
1%
2003
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
142
158%
19%
137 41
46%
6%
34
38%
5%
28
31%
4%
15
17%
2%
24
27%
3%
94
104%
13%
44
49%
6%
4
4%
1%
2004
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
159
112%
21%
153 52
37%
7%
38
27%
5%
26
18%
3%
19
13%
3%
24
17%
3%
103
73%
14%
51
36%
7%
5
4%
1%
2005
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
138
87%
18%
132 47
30%
6%
34
21%
4%
16
10%
2%
16
10%
2%
25
16%
3%
89
56%
11%
44
28%
6%
5
3%
1%
2006
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
135
98%
17%
134 38
28%
5%
33
24%
4%
14
10%
2%
20
14%
2%
30
22%
4%
85
62%
10%
45
33%
6%
5
4%
1%
2007
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
165
122%
20%
161 50
37%
6%
41
30%
5%
22
16%
3%
22
16%
3%
30
22%
4%
107
79%
13%
54
40%
7%
4
3%
0%
2008
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
158
96%
19%
158 57
35%
7%
33
20%
4%
25
15%
3%
17
10%
2%
26
16%
3%
101
61%
12%
53
32%
6%
4
2%
0%
2009
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
178
113%
20%
176 64
41%
7%
38
24%
4%
26
16%
3%
19
12%
2%
31
20%
4%
122
77%
14%
52
33%
6%
4
3%
0%
2010
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
149
84%
17%
146 47
26%
5%
28
16%
3%
27
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
31
17%
3%
92
52%
10%
51
29%
6%
6
3%
1%
2011
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
172
115%
19%
169 50
34%
5%
41
28%
5%
31
21%
3%
20
13%
2%
30
20%
3%
118
79%
13%
51
34%
6%
3
2%
0%
2012
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
147
85%
16%
147 45
26%
5%
26
15%
3%
25
15%
3%
16
9%
2%
35
20%
4%
89
52%
10%
52
30%
6%
6
3%
1%
2013
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
169
115%
18%
167 46
31%
5%
31
21%
3%
30
20%
3%
27
18%
3%
35
24%
4%
116
79%
12%
50
34%
5%
3
2%
0%
2014
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
150
89%
15%
150 31
18%
3%
30
18%
3%
26
15%
3%
21
12%
2%
42
25%
4%
90
53%
9%
54
32%
6%
6
4%
1%
Threats*
Threats Group of Threats SOC reports Properties
Commercial development Buildings and Development 76 31
Housing Buildings and Development 745 176
Industrial areas Buildings and Development 29 10
Interpretative and visitation facilities Buildings and Development 98 47
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Buildings and Development 196 69
Air transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 26 10
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 123 45
Ground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 430 111
Marine transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 85 25
Underground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 25 12
Localised utilities Services Infrastructures 26 15
Major linear utilities Services Infrastructures 60 21
Non-renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 10 5
Renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 32 11
Water infrastructure Services Infrastructures 171 37
Air pollution Pollution 35 16
Ground water pollution Pollution 20 9
Input of excess energy Pollution 27 10
Pollution of marine waters Pollution 16 6
Solid waste Pollution 99 35
Surface water pollution Pollution 105 21
Aquaculture Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Commercial hunting Biological resource use/modification 26 8
Commercial wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Crop production Biological resource use/modification 69 16
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Biological resource use/modification 73 25
Forestry /wood production Biological resource use/modification 78 20
Land conversion Biological resource use/modification 293 60
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Biological resource use/modification 173 35
Subsistence hunting Biological resource use/modification 24 9
Subsistence wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Mining Physical resource extraction 256 49
Oil and gas Physical resource extraction 103 31
Quarrying Physical resource extraction 19 8
Water (extraction) Physical resource extraction 41 12
Dust Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Micro-organisms Local conditions affecting physical fabric 11 4
Pests Local conditions affecting physical fabric 1 1
Radiation/light Local conditions affecting physical fabric 2 1
Relative humidity Local conditions affecting physical fabric 47 19
Temperature Local conditions affecting physical fabric 8 5
Water (rain/water table) Local conditions affecting physical fabric 148 48
Wind Local conditions affecting physical fabric 33 13
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Social/cultural uses of heritage 30 10
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Social/cultural uses of heritage 265 57
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Social/cultural uses of heritage 424 123
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Social/cultural uses of heritage 12 4
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses Social/cultural uses of heritage 20 6
Society's valuing of heritage Social/cultural uses of heritage 27 11
Civil unrest Other human activities 178 22
Deliberate destruction of heritage Other human activities 161 47
Illegal activities Other human activities 592 107
Military training Other human activities 2 2
Terrorism Other human activities 1 1
War Other human activities 98 22
Changes to oceanic waters Climate change and severe weather events 4 3
Desertification Climate change and severe weather events 9 2
Drought Climate change and severe weather events 18 5
Flooding Climate change and severe weather events 61 22
Other climate change impacts Climate change and severe weather events 18 8
Storms Climate change and severe weather events 66 24
Temperature change Climate change and severe weather events 14 7
Avalanche/ landslide Sudden ecological or geological events 21 6
Earthquake Sudden ecological or geological events 63 23
Erosion and siltation/ deposition Sudden ecological or geological events 106 30
Fire (widlfires) Sudden ecological or geological events 49 14
Tsunami/tidal wave Sudden ecological or geological events 3 2
Volcanic eruption Sudden ecological or geological events 8 4
Hyper-abundant species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 1 1
Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 41 9
Invasive / alien marine species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 17 4
Invasive/alien terrestrial species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 84 26
Modified genetic material Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 0 0
Translocated species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 10 2
Financial resources Management and institutional factors 270 87
Governance Management and institutional factors 65 20
High impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 34 16
Human resources Management and institutional factors 221 81
Legal framework Management and institutional factors 288 109
Low impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 0 0
Management activities Management and institutional factors 322 91
Management systems/ management plan Management and institutional factors 1522 328
Threats by year (SOC reports)*
Threats* Year
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Buildings and Development
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Commercial development 2 1 1 2 0 1 1 3 4 10 9 5 5 4 6 5 1 3 3 5 5
Housing 5 10 12 10 18 15 20 17 17 35 47 37 45 58 58 69 54 61 52 53 52
Industrial areas 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 3 0 0 1 1 0 2 1 3 2 3 2
Interpretative and visitation facilities 0 0 2 0 4 1 3 6 3 8 8 7 5 7 6 8 4 7 6 6 7
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 3 3 2 1 5 4 4 4 3 8 7 3 9 16 13 22 18 23 13 14 21
Transportation Infrastructure
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Air transport infrastructure 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 4 0 2 2 2 1
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 2 2 2 2 4 6 6 3 1 3 10 8 6 7 10 16 8 12 4 7 4
Ground transport infrastructure 6 11 9 10 14 18 23 24 17 23 32 16 21 28 28 28 21 25 24 26 26
Marine transport infrastructure 0 2 2 2 5 3 2 5 3 3 5 1 1 2 6 7 7 7 8 7 7
Underground transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 3 0 0 0 2 3 2 4 1 3 2
Services Infrastructures
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Localised utilities 0 2 3 2 1 3 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 4 2
Major linear utilities 0 0 0 1 2 2 3 5 3 4 6 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 4 4 5
Non-renewable energy facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 3 3
Renewable energy facilities 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 0 3 1 2 3 4
Water infrastructure 3 2 3 3 6 5 4 7 4 6 7 10 9 13 12 10 14 11 15 13 14
Pollution
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Air pollution 1 0 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 1 4 0 3 0 3
Ground water pollution 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 1 1 2 1
Input of excess energy 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 5 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 0
Pollution of marine waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 4 1 2 2
Solid waste 2 3 2 4 5 1 2 1 1 2 8 8 7 10 7 5 8 5 7 6 5
Surface water pollution 2 4 5 5 6 5 7 5 3 5 4 3 5 4 7 3 6 6 7 6 7
Biological resource use/modification
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Aquaculture 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Commercial hunting 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 3 3 1 2 2 2
Commercial wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crop production 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 2 7 10 11 3 4 3 6 3 2 4
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 4 5 4 4 4 4 5 4 3 3 3 6 5
Forestry /wood production 1 2 1 5 6 5 5 5 1 6 2 4 6 4 5 6 4 0 4 3 3
Land conversion 6 7 8 7 7 8 13 14 9 18 7 5 14 17 17 22 20 23 22 23 26
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 2 2 3 4 4 5 6 7 5 7 6 6 10 11 12 15 11 13 16 16 12
Subsistence hunting 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 2 1
Subsistence wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Physical resource extraction
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Mining 3 5 5 8 11 8 14 13 10 10 9 12 14 12 13 16 18 17 20 18 20
Oil and gas 0 1 1 2 4 4 3 6 4 5 5 3 3 3 6 6 6 9 9 11 12
Quarrying 1 2 0 0 0 1 0 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 2
Water (extraction) 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 5
Local conditions affecting physical fabric
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Dust 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Micro-organisms 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 0
Pests 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Radiation/light 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relative humidity 3 2 4 2 3 2 2 2 2 3 4 1 2 3 2 3 2 3 1 0 1
Temperature 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0
Water (rain/water table) 5 4 5 5 6 3 3 5 4 9 15 5 9 10 8 9 7 9 9 11 7
Wind 2 1 0 1 2 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 4 3 1 3 3 2 1 2 2
Social/cultural uses of heritage
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 2 3 4 3 3 2 3 2 2 3
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 7 6 7 8 11 11 15 17 10 15 9 11 16 21 13 17 14 19 12 13 13
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 5 5 6 12 18 14 14 16 20 27 29 21 28 34 24 25 19 21 28 23 35
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 0 0 1 0 2 1 2 3 3 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2
Society's valuing of heritage 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 1 3 2 3 2 0 1
Other human activities
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Civil unrest 2 2 3 3 4 6 6 5 3 11 11 7 12 13 13 12 13 13 13 13 13
Deliberate destruction of heritage 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 5 4 8 12 9 8 10 14 18 14 13 13 12 10
Illegal activities 9 8 10 14 15 20 26 24 19 31 40 26 34 41 35 44 34 42 41 37 42
Military training 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Terrorism 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
War 4 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 5 7 6 6 5 5 9 15 15
Climate change and severe weather events
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Changes to oceanic waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 1 1
Desertification 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Drought 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 2 1 0 2 2 3 1 3
Flooding 1 1 0 1 2 1 1 0 1 3 2 3 6 5 5 4 4 4 7 6 4
Other climate change impacts 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 1 3 2 2
Storms 4 3 1 4 9 7 5 1 1 3 2 0 2 1 2 2 2 5 3 4 5
Temperature change 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 1 1
Sudden ecological or geological events
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Avalanche/ landslide 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 0
Earthquake 0 1 1 1 1 4 3 2 1 3 4 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 6 2 3
Erosion and siltation/ deposition 2 1 2 2 4 3 2 3 2 3 7 7 7 9 3 10 5 10 7 9 8
Fire (widlfires) 0 0 0 1 2 2 3 2 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 4 4 2 6 3
Tsunami/tidal wave 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Volcanic eruption 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Hyper-abundant species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Invasive / alien freshwater species 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 4 2 2 3 3 2 3 1 3 3 1 4
Invasive / alien marine species 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 1
Invasive/alien terrestrial species 3 2 1 2 1 3 4 2 2 5 2 4 7 5 7 5 6 3 8 6 6
Modified genetic material 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Translocated species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1
Management and institutional factors
1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
Financial resources 6 7 6 8 8 12 9 12 10 21 20 11 15 18 17 16 15 18 16 10 15
Governance 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 3 3 2 3 3 5 6 7 6 8 7 8
High impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 2 1 0 4 2 1 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 2
Human resources 3 4 6 2 4 5 3 7 6 25 17 11 15 18 11 19 9 16 13 13 14
Legal framework 8 8 8 11 8 5 6 5 6 21 26 15 15 12 15 13 18 19 23 23 23
Low impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Management activities 6 6 8 13 11 14 10 9 12 15 14 11 13 16 20 25 20 25 24 23 27
Management systems/ management plan 19 20 26 35 60 55 46 57 54 94 93 81 82 94 95 104 95 108 96 107 101


* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.