State of Conservation
States PartiesBenin Burkina Faso Cameroon Central African Republic Côte d'Ivoire Democratic Republic of the Congo Ethiopia Ghana Guinea Kenya Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritius Mozambique Niger Senegal Seychelles South Africa Uganda United Republic of Tanzania Zambia Zimbabwe
ThreatsIllegal activities (250) Management systems/ management plan (240) Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community (114) Financial resources (108) Mining (107) Civil unrest (99) Land conversion (94) Human resources (74) Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals (67) Ground transport infrastructure (65) War (63) Housing (57) Solid waste (35) Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation (35) Water infrastructure (33) Water (rain/water table) (33) Legal framework (33) Management activities (27) Crop production (26) Erosion and siltation/ deposition (25) Fishing/collecting aquatic resources (23) Forestry /wood production (17) Fire (widlfires) (17) Commercial hunting (16) Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure (14) Oil and gas (13) Invasive / alien freshwater species (12) Invasive/alien terrestrial species (12) Subsistence hunting (10) Surface water pollution (9) Flooding (9) Storms (9) Interpretative and visitation facilities (8) Water (extraction) (8) Drought (8) Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting (7) Marine transport infrastructure (6) Wind (6) Translocated species (6) Relative humidity (5) Deliberate destruction of heritage (5) Industrial areas (4) Air pollution (4) Desertification (4) Avalanche/ landslide (4) Governance (4) Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure (3) Input of excess energy (3) Major linear utilities (2) Earthquake (2) Volcanic eruption (2) Air transport infrastructure (1) Pests (1) Society's valuing of heritage (1) Changes to oceanic waters (1) Other climate change impacts (1)
The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).