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The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement

Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, India, Japan, Switzerland
Factors affecting the property in 2021*
  • Governance
  • Legal framework
  • Management systems/ management plan
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Management systems / management plan (Need to introduce Heritage Impact Assessment procedures for proposed development at all component sites; Lack of monitoring indicators for all component sites and of agreed overall conservation approaches and procedures for the series (issue resolved); Need to complete the Management and Conservation Plans for Chandigarh)
  • Governance (Need to refine the power of the Standing Conference to allow full understanding by all States Parties of major development proposals in all component sites, in relation to their potential impact on the overall series) (issue resolved)
  • Legal framework (Unclear protection of the buffer zone for Maison Guiette; Unclear implications of the new Heritage Law in France (issue resolved))
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2021
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved : 0 USD
Missions to the property until 2021**
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2021

On 9 December 2020, the States Parties submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1321/documents/. Progress with a number of conservation issues identified by the Committee at its previous session is presented in this report, as follows:

  • A number of States Parties are now using Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) to analyze possible impacts of development on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property;
  • Through its Secretariat, the Foundation Le Corbusier, the Standing Conference has continued to expand the Restoration Archives and set up a forum to exchange knowledge and documentation between States Parties. The Secretariat participates in local and national steering committees for monitoring and is consulted whenever development projects may have an impact on the OUV of the property;
  • India has submitted architectural plans and photographs of the Geometrical Hill project, completed in 2015. Work is still in progress at the Martyrs Memorial, where sculptures will be installed in line with Le Corbusier’s original drawings, and for which India submitted a status report;
  • The Chandigarh Conservation and Preservation Plan, initially scheduled for completion in 2020, is still in progress. India has submitted an updated timeline with respect to the monitoring indicators;
  • The restoration of the Maison Guiette is being prepared, based on the 2019 approved management plan. The relevant authorities are continuing their discussions with a view of revising the buffer zone. To date, the protection regime for the buffer zone does not include any measures based on the OUV of the component;
  • A Management and Public Use Plan for the Casa Curutchet is in preparation. A Draft Ordinance of Areas of Historical Protection for the District of La Plata was prepared by the Government of the City of la Plata, and its pending for final approval. Works on the neighbouring property have been put on hold due to the COVID-19 pandemic;
  • In line with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, States Parties have reported on a number of major restorations and/or new constructions which may affect the OUV of the property:
    • France: Additional information regarding the construction of a heritage interpretation space in the vicinity of the Saint-Dié Manufatory will be submitted to the World Heritage Centre. Planned development in the vicinity of the Unité d’habitation has been put on hold and a feasibility study is in preparation. An impact assessment for the Corbusier Museum in the buffer zone of Villa Savoye is in preparation,
    • India: A number of interventions are planned within the property and buffer zone of the Capitol Complex, including an underground multi-level parking structure,
    • Switzerland: Visitor information facilities have been set up in a former keeper’s lodge at the Immeuble Clarté,
    • Japan: The renovation of the JR Ueno Station is being carried out, following exchanges with ICOMOS and the World Heritage Centre, and is scheduled for completion in 2021.
Analysis and Conclusion by World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies in 2021

The initiative of the Standing Conference to further expand the Restoration Archives and to create a forum of knowledge and documentation exchange is welcomed, as it further strengthens the capacity of the Standing Conference to inform decisions on monitoring, conservation and potential impacts of development projects.

While a number of States Parties are now using HIAs to analyze potential effects and consequences of development on the OUV of the property, the use of HIAs is not yet universally adopted for all components of the property. It is therefore recommended that the Committee encourage the States Parties to strengthen and harmonise approaches across all components by introducing HIA procedures, in line with the 2011 ICOMOS Guidance on HIAs for Cultural World Heritage Properties, to assess potentially adverse impacts on the OUV of the series as a whole. The Standing Conference could play a significant role in advocating for a consistent approach by all States Parties.

It is noted that a number of interventions are planned within the boundaries and buffer zone of the Capitol Complex component (India), such as the construction of an underground multi-level parking structure. Although some project documentation has been provided by the State Party through its state of conservation report, it is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to submit any additional available information on these projects, namely on the Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Ancillary Structure, the “Holistic development of the Punjab and Haryana High Court” and the mulitilevel basement parking, by 1 February 2022 for review by the Advisory Bodies, and prepare an HIA to assess the potential cumulative impacts of all planned developments within the boundaries and buffer zone of the Capitol Complex, including a multi-level parking, on the OUV of the property, and submit it to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies before any final decision is taken concerning these proposals. In this regard, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies consider that the World Heritage Committee should also encourage the finalization of the Conservation Plan for Chandigarh.

The approval of the management plan of Maison Guiette (Belgium) is welcomed. However, the continued lack of protection measures in the buffer zone specifically focused on the attributes of the Maison Guiette to the OUV of the series should be addressed. The options that are currently being considered by the local authorities should target a protection tailored to the specific needs of the component.

Given that several development or restoration projects are being considered in or near components of the property, it is recommended that the Committee request the States Parties to inform the World Heritage Centre of ongoing or planned projects or activities within and surrounding the property, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, and to submit associated documentation for review by the Advisory Bodies before making any decision that would be difficult to reverse.

Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2021
44 COM 7B.152
The Architectural Work of Le Corbusier, an Outstanding Contribution to the Modern Movement (Argentina, Belgium, France, Germany, India, Japan, Switzerland) (C 1321rev)

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7B.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 42 COM 7B.18 adopted at its 42nd session (Manama, 2018),
  3. Welcomes the creation of a forum of knowledge and documentation exchange by the Standing Conference, which further strengthens its capacity to inform decisions on monitoring, conservation and potential impacts of development projects;
  4. Notes that a number of States Parties are currently using Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) to analyse possible impacts of development projects on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, and encourages States Parties to strengthen the impact assessment approach across all component sites by introducing HIA procedures, in line with the 2011 ICOMOS Guidance on HIAs for Cultural World Heritage Properties, in order to assess any potentially adverse impact on the OUV of each component site and on the OUV of the serial property as a whole;
  5. Requests the State Party of India to submit any additional available information on the Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Ancillary Structure, the “Holistic development of the Punjab and Haryana High Court” and the multi-level basement parking projects, by 1 February 2022 for review by the Advisory Bodies, and to develop an HIA to assess the potential individual and cumulative impacts of all planned developments within the boundaries and buffer zone of the Capitol Complex, including the multi-level parking structure, and to submit it to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies along with the project documentation; and also encourages the State Party of India to finalize the Conservation Plan for Chandigarh;
  6. Also notes the continued lack of specific protection measures for the Maison Guiette buffer zone and also requests the State Party of Belgium to put in place protection that is tailored to the specific needs of the component;
  7. Further requests the States Parties to inform the World Heritage Centre of ongoing or planned projects or activities within and surrounding the property, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, and to submit associated documentation for review by the Advisory Bodies before making any decision that would be difficult to reverse;
  8. Finally requests the States Parties to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session.
Draft Decision: 44 COM 7B.152

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7B.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 42 COM 7B.18 adopted at its 42nd session (Manama, 2018),
  3. Welcomes the creation of a forum of knowledge and documentation exchange by the Standing Conference, which further strengthens its capacity to inform decisions on monitoring, conservation and potential impacts of development projects;
  4. Notes that a number of States Parties are currently using Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) to analyse possible impacts of development projects on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, and encourages States Parties to strengthen the impact assessment approach across all component sites by introducing HIA procedures, in line with the 2011 ICOMOS Guidance on HIAs for Cultural World Heritage Properties, in order to assess any potentially adverse impact on the OUV of each component site and on the OUV of the serial property as a whole;
  5. Requests the State Party of India to submit any additional available information on the Heating, Ventilation and Air-Conditioning (HVAC) Ancillary Structure, the “Holistic development of the Punjab and Haryana High Court” and the multi-level basement parking projects, by 1 February 2022 for review by the Advisory Bodies, and to develop an HIA to assess the potential individual and cumulative impacts of all planned developments within the boundaries and buffer zone of the Capitol Complex, including the multi-level parking structure, and to submit it to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies along with the project documentation; and also encourages the State Party of India to finalize the Conservation Plan for Chandigarh;
  6. Also notes the continued lack of specific protection measures for the Maison Guiette buffer zone and also requests the State Party of Belgium to put in place protection that is tailored to the specific needs of the component;
  7. Further requests the States Parties to inform the World Heritage Centre of ongoing or planned projects or activities within and surrounding the property, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, and to submit associated documentation for review by the Advisory Bodies before making any decision that would be difficult to reverse;
  8. Finally requests the States Parties to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session in 2023.
Report year: 2021
Argentina Belgium Switzerland Germany France India Japan
Date of Inscription: 2016
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(ii)(vi)
Documents examined by the Committee
SOC Report by the State Party
Report (2021) .pdf
arrow_circle_right 44COM (2021)
Exports

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.