Rock-Hewn Churches, Lalibela

Factors affecting the property in 2000*
  • Management activities
  • Management systems/ management plan
  • Water (rain/water table)
Factors* affecting the property identified in previous reports
  • Need for restoration and rehabilitation of the monuments
  • Rainfall, water infiltration and water run off 
  • Lack of conservation and management plans 
International Assistance: requests for the property until 2000
Requests approved: 3 (from 1980-2000)
Total amount approved : 93,300 USD
Information presented to the Bureau of the World Heritage Committee in 2000

Previous deliberations:
Twenty-first session of the Committee - paragraph VII.46

New information: The Committee recommended “that the Competition File of the European Union for temporary shelters for the Five Churches be reviewed to integrate the points of view of the UNESCO consultant with a view to preserving the World Heritage value of the site”. The European Union took into account this decision in the preparation of the call for tender for the “International Architecture Competition for shelters for the Five Churches”.  It convened the members of the Jury from 27 November to 2 December 1999 in Ethiopia.  The project was selected unanimously by the members, including a UNESCO representative.  Furthermore, it was announced that half of the contribution of the European Union, e.g. 25 Million Birr, would cover the costs of the different studies for the restoration of the churches, and strengthen the capacity of the national agency responsible for conservation of cultural heritage in Ethiopia.  It is also foreseen to designate an expert who will be made available to the national authorities for a 2-year period, to facilitate contacts between the different partners and seek additional funding.

Action Required
Note: this report was presented to the Bureau for noting only.
Decisions adopted by the Committee in 2000
24 BUR IV.B.78
State of conservation

The Bureau took note of the information provided in the working document on the state of conservation of the following properties:


Comoe National Park (Côte d’Ivoire)

Caves of the Aggtelek and Slovak Karst (Hungary/Slovakia)

The Delegate of Morocco pointed out that the protection of surface water is important in karst systems.

Kaziranga National Park (India)

Lorentz National Park (Indonesia)

Kamchatka Volcanoes (Russian Federation)

Sinharaja Forest Reserve (Sri Lanka)

Bwindi Impenetrable Forest (Uganda) 


Rock-hewn Churches, Lalibela (Ethiopia)

Vilnius Historic Centre (Lithuania)

City of Cuzco (Peru)

Chavin (Archaeological Site) (Peru)

Lines and Geoglyphs of Nasca and Pampas de Jumana (Peru)

Report year: 2000
Date of Inscription: 1978
Category: Cultural
Criteria: (i)(ii)(iii)
Documents examined by the Committee
arrow_circle_right 24COM (2000)

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.