1.         Te Wahipounamu – zone sud-ouest de la Nouvelle-Zélande (Nouvelle-Zélande) (N 551)

Année d’inscription sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial  1990

Critères  (vii)(viii)(ix)(x)

Année(s) d’inscription sur la Liste du patrimoine mondial en péril  Néant

Décisions antérieures du Comité  voir page https://whc.unesco.org/fr/list/551/documents/

Assistance internationale

Demandes approuvées : 0
Montant total approuvé : 0 dollars EU
Pour plus de détails, voir page https://whc.unesco.org/fr/list/551/assistance/

Fonds extrabudgétaires de l’UNESCO

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Missions de suivi antérieures

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Facteurs affectant le bien identifiés dans les rapports précédents

Matériel d’illustration  voir page https://whc.unesco.org/fr/list/551/

Information présentée au Bureau du Comité du patrimoine mondial en 1994

Rapport préparé par l'IUCN
(Version française non disponible)
  1. PROPERTY: TE WAHIPOUNAMU (South-west New Zealand)
  2. DATE INSCRIBED AND CRITERIA: 1986. Extension 1990. ii, iii, iv.
  3. TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE FROM THE WORLD HERITAGE FUND: None
  4. CONDITION OF PROPERTY:

There are three issues relating to this site which merit action by the Bureau:

  1. On 27 June, the New Zealand Minister of Justice was reported as saying that "small parcels of conservation of land may be returned to Ngai Tahu and other iwi (Maori tribes) to protect wahi tapu or sacred sites". While the Ngai Tahu iwi was associated in support of the New Zealand nomination, it has also pursued claims to land to the Waitangi Tribunal. This was set up by the New Zealand Government to consider Maori land grievances under the Treaty of Waitangi (1840) by which certain Maori leaders recognised British sovereignty and received various guarantees in relation to their interests. It is understood that the Ngai Tahu claims may include some land in the World Heritage site.While it will be noted that Ngai Tahu supported the nomination and while the statement by the Minister refers to only small parcels of land sacred to Ngai Tahu, IUCN considers it would be helpful for the Bureau to invite the New Zealand Government to report on the any implication of the Ngai Tahu Treaty claims for the World Heritage site and to seek an assurance that the integrity of the site will not be jeopardised by any settlement of claims which might affect land within the World Heritage site.
  2. It has come to IUCN's attention that continued cattle grazing is prejudicing natural values in parts of Mount Aspiring National Park including the Siberia area, the Wilkin Valley, Cattle Flat and Dredge Flat within the World Heritage site. New Zealand National Parks Policy is that cattle grazing in parks should be phased out and concern has been expressed that grazing continues and is causing damage to natural vegetation and preventing regeneration of forest edges. It is understood that the Department of Conservation as the management agency is aiming to implement the National Parks Policy. IUCN believes it would be helpful to strengthen the Department's resolve to do this as soon as possible if the Bureau drew to the State Party' attention concern at continued cattle grazing and invited them to report on proposals to end the grazing in the interests of maintaining the integrity of the site.
  3. When Fiordland National Park was listed as a World Heritage site in 1986, IUCN's evaluation suggested that consideration be given to the inclusion in the site of the Waitutu forest along the park's southern boundary. When Fiordland National Park was incorporated into the larger Te Wahipounamu site in 1990, part of the Waitutu forest in Government ownership was included. However, the coastal section of Waitutu forest which is in Maori ownership remained outside the site. It is a cause of concern among conservation interests in New Zealand that the owners of the coastal forest recently entered into a contract for logging to take place. This was seen as threatening the significant natural values on the Maori land and prejudicing the integrity of the adjoining Waitutu forest land within the World Heritage site.
A decision under the Resource Management Act on the application to log the Maori land is still awaited but, in the meantime, the New Zealand Government has entered into negotiations with the Maori owners in an endeavour to save the coastal forest from logging.

Becaupe of the key location of the Maori land on the coastal frontage of the World Heritage site and because of the land's potential for management compatibility with the site, IUCN recommends that the Bureau encourage the State Party to pursue its efforts to negotiate to seek an agreement which would maintain the integrity of the Waitutu forest land which adjoins the World Heritage site while recognising the interests of the owners of the land.

5.   SUGGESTED ACTION BY THE WORLD HERITAGE BUREAU:
The Bureau is asked to send a letter to the New Zealand authorities with the actions suggested on
each of the above issues.

Problèmes de conservation présentés au Comité du patrimoine mondial en 1994

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Analyse et conclusions du Centre du patrimoine mondial et de l’UICN

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Décision adoptée: 18 COM IX

Te Wahipounamu (Nouvelle Zélande)

En juillet 1994, le Bureau a été informé des menaces pesant sur l'intégrité du site dûes au pâturage du bétail dans certaines parties du Parc et au risque d'impact des opérations de bucheronnage envisagées dans les forêts côtières appartenant aux Maoris et immédiatement adjacentes au Parc. Comme le Bureau l'avait demandé les autorités néo-zélandaises ont présenté un rapport soulignant les mesures prises pour limiter ces dangers. L'UICN a exprimé sa satisfaction sur ces mesures et aucune autre action n'est nécessaire pour le moment.

Décision adoptée: 18 BUR VI.B

Le Bureau a pris note du rapport de l'UICN sur les sujets suivants : (a) questions juridiques, en particulier revendications foncières et sites sacrés du peuple Maori; (b) pâturage permanent du bétail qui a un impact sur les valeurs naturelles du site du patrimoine mondial et qui devrait être stoppé et (c) constatation que la recommandation faite en 1986 par l'UICN et proposant d'inclure le site de la forêt côtière (forêt de Waitutu) dans la zone du site du patrimoine mondial, n'a pas été suivie d'effet. Les propriétaires fonciers maoris ont fait des plans pour vendre les terres pour des opérations de bûcheronnage.

Le Bureau a demandé au Centre d'envoyer une lettre aux autorités néo-zélandaises pour leur faire part des préoccupations mentionnées plus haut.