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State of Conservation

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3629
Reports
566
Properties
144
States Parties
Statistics by properties (by regions and categories)
Year Property SOC Regions Categories
EUR-NA APA LAC ARB AFR Cultural Natural Mixed
1979
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
1
100%
8%
1 1
100%
8%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
1
100%
8%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
1982
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
2
100%
2%
2 0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
1
50%
1%
1
50%
1%
1
50%
1%
1
50%
1%
0
0%
0%
1983
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
3
100%
2%
3 0
0%
0%
1
33%
1%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
2
67%
1%
0
0%
0%
1
33%
1%
2
67%
1%
1984
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
9
100%
6%
9 2
22%
1%
1
11%
1%
0
0%
0%
0
0%
0%
6
67%
4%
1
11%
1%
6
67%
4%
2
22%
1%
1985
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
13
100%
7%
13 3
23%
2%
1
8%
1%
2
15%
1%
1
8%
1%
6
46%
3%
1
8%
1%
11
85%
6%
1
8%
1%
1986
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
17
100%
8%
17 1
6%
0%
3
18%
1%
3
18%
1%
1
6%
0%
9
53%
4%
0
0%
0%
15
88%
7%
2
12%
1%
1987
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
14
100%
6%
14 2
14%
1%
1
7%
0%
3
21%
1%
1
7%
0%
7
50%
3%
3
21%
1%
8
57%
3%
3
21%
1%
1988
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
12
100%
4%
12 5
42%
2%
0
0%
0%
2
17%
1%
1
8%
0%
4
33%
1%
4
33%
1%
6
50%
2%
2
17%
1%
1989
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
23
100%
7%
23 6
26%
2%
4
17%
1%
5
22%
2%
2
9%
1%
6
26%
2%
5
22%
2%
17
74%
5%
1
4%
0%
1990
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
34
100%
11%
34 11
32%
3%
5
15%
2%
5
15%
2%
5
15%
2%
8
24%
3%
16
47%
5%
17
50%
5%
1
3%
0%
1991
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
34
100%
10%
34 14
41%
4%
6
18%
2%
6
18%
2%
2
6%
1%
6
18%
2%
10
29%
3%
22
65%
7%
2
6%
1%
1992
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
53
100%
15%
53 29
55%
8%
4
8%
1%
5
9%
1%
6
11%
2%
9
17%
3%
25
47%
7%
25
47%
7%
3
6%
1%
1993
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
72
100%
19%
72 24
33%
6%
6
8%
2%
28
39%
7%
6
8%
2%
8
11%
2%
50
69%
13%
19
26%
5%
3
4%
1%
1994
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
78
100%
19%
78 34
44%
8%
16
21%
4%
9
12%
2%
8
10%
2%
11
14%
3%
50
64%
12%
20
26%
5%
8
10%
2%
1995
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
63
100%
14%
63 17
27%
4%
18
29%
4%
8
13%
2%
9
14%
2%
11
17%
3%
35
56%
8%
25
40%
6%
3
5%
1%
1996
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
64
100%
14%
64 15
23%
3%
12
19%
3%
9
14%
2%
11
17%
2%
17
27%
4%
38
59%
8%
23
36%
5%
3
5%
1%
1997
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
103
100%
20%
103 26
25%
5%
35
34%
7%
13
13%
3%
15
15%
3%
14
14%
3%
56
54%
11%
43
42%
9%
4
4%
1%
1998
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
127
100%
23%
127 35
28%
6%
33
26%
6%
24
19%
4%
17
13%
3%
18
14%
3%
71
56%
13%
46
36%
8%
10
8%
2%
1999
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
110
100%
19%
110 23
21%
4%
34
31%
6%
23
21%
4%
12
11%
2%
18
16%
3%
55
50%
9%
47
43%
8%
8
7%
1%
2000
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
112
100%
18%
112 34
30%
5%
32
29%
5%
17
15%
3%
9
8%
1%
20
18%
3%
54
48%
9%
53
47%
8%
5
4%
1%
2001
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
124
100%
18%
124 37
30%
5%
32
26%
5%
19
15%
3%
18
15%
3%
18
15%
3%
57
46%
8%
60
48%
9%
7
6%
1%
2002
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
90
100%
12%
90 34
38%
5%
25
28%
3%
10
11%
1%
10
11%
1%
11
12%
2%
46
51%
6%
38
42%
5%
6
7%
1%
2003
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
142
100%
19%
142 41
29%
6%
34
24%
5%
28
20%
4%
15
11%
2%
24
17%
3%
94
66%
13%
44
31%
6%
4
3%
1%
2004
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
159
100%
21%
159 52
33%
7%
38
24%
5%
26
16%
3%
19
12%
3%
24
15%
3%
103
65%
14%
51
32%
7%
5
3%
1%
2005
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
138
100%
18%
138 47
34%
6%
34
25%
4%
16
12%
2%
16
12%
2%
25
18%
3%
89
64%
11%
44
32%
6%
5
4%
1%
2006
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
135
100%
17%
135 38
28%
5%
33
24%
4%
14
10%
2%
20
15%
2%
30
22%
4%
85
63%
10%
45
33%
6%
5
4%
1%
2007
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
165
100%
20%
165 50
30%
6%
41
25%
5%
22
13%
3%
22
13%
3%
30
18%
4%
107
65%
13%
54
33%
7%
4
2%
0%
2008
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
158
100%
19%
158 57
36%
7%
33
21%
4%
25
16%
3%
17
11%
2%
26
16%
3%
101
64%
12%
53
34%
6%
4
3%
0%
2009
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
178
100%
20%
178 64
36%
7%
38
21%
4%
26
15%
3%
19
11%
2%
31
17%
4%
122
69%
14%
52
29%
6%
4
2%
0%
2010
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
149
100%
17%
149 47
32%
5%
28
19%
3%
27
18%
3%
16
11%
2%
31
21%
3%
92
62%
10%
51
34%
6%
6
4%
1%
2011
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
172
100%
19%
172 50
29%
5%
41
24%
5%
31
18%
3%
20
12%
2%
30
17%
3%
118
69%
13%
51
30%
6%
3
2%
0%
2012
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
148
100%
16%
148 46
31%
5%
26
18%
3%
25
17%
3%
16
11%
2%
35
24%
4%
90
61%
10%
52
35%
6%
6
4%
1%
2013
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
169
100%
18%
169 46
27%
5%
31
18%
3%
30
18%
3%
27
16%
3%
35
21%
4%
116
69%
12%
50
30%
5%
3
2%
0%
2014
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
150
100%
15%
150 31
21%
3%
30
20%
3%
26
17%
3%
21
14%
2%
42
28%
4%
90
60%
9%
54
36%
6%
6
4%
1%
2015
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
141
100%
14%
141 28
20%
3%
31
22%
3%
20
14%
2%
29
21%
3%
33
23%
3%
86
61%
9%
50
35%
5%
5
4%
0%
2016
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
156
100%
15%
156 37
24%
4%
30
19%
3%
26
17%
3%
27
17%
3%
36
23%
3%
96
62%
9%
54
35%
5%
6
4%
1%
2017
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
154
100%
15%
154 32
21%
3%
30
19%
3%
25
16%
2%
35
23%
3%
32
21%
3%
97
63%
9%
51
33%
5%
6
4%
1%
2018
%of properties with SOC
%of properties inscribed (year-1)
157
100%
15%
157 33
21%
3%
30
19%
3%
25
16%
2%
36
23%
3%
35
22%
3%
101
64%
9%
49
31%
5%
7
4%
1%
Threats*
Threats Group of Threats SOC reports Properties
Commercial development Buildings and Development 121 41
Housing Buildings and Development 1022 203
Industrial areas Buildings and Development 42 11
Interpretative and visitation facilities Buildings and Development 156 62
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure Buildings and Development 300 81
Air transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 42 15
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 171 59
Ground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 629 133
Marine transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 116 29
Underground transport infrastructure Transportation Infrastructure 53 14
Localised utilities Services Infrastructures 50 22
Major linear utilities Services Infrastructures 91 25
Non-renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 17 5
Renewable energy facilities Services Infrastructures 52 16
Water infrastructure Services Infrastructures 277 54
Air pollution Pollution 57 22
Ground water pollution Pollution 30 10
Input of excess energy Pollution 33 11
Pollution of marine waters Pollution 18 7
Solid waste Pollution 133 38
Surface water pollution Pollution 149 26
Aquaculture Biological resource use/modification 1 1
Commercial hunting Biological resource use/modification 39 11
Commercial wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 0 0
Crop production Biological resource use/modification 95 20
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources Biological resource use/modification 109 29
Forestry /wood production Biological resource use/modification 112 28
Land conversion Biological resource use/modification 434 72
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals Biological resource use/modification 252 44
Subsistence hunting Biological resource use/modification 34 11
Subsistence wild plant collection Biological resource use/modification 3 3
Mining Physical resource extraction 363 57
Oil and gas Physical resource extraction 142 35
Quarrying Physical resource extraction 31 12
Water (extraction) Physical resource extraction 64 17
Dust Local conditions affecting physical fabric 0 0
Micro-organisms Local conditions affecting physical fabric 15 6
Pests Local conditions affecting physical fabric 3 3
Radiation/light Local conditions affecting physical fabric 3 1
Relative humidity Local conditions affecting physical fabric 66 27
Temperature Local conditions affecting physical fabric 14 7
Water (rain/water table) Local conditions affecting physical fabric 221 58
Wind Local conditions affecting physical fabric 43 15
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system Social/cultural uses of heritage 47 13
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community Social/cultural uses of heritage 368 63
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation Social/cultural uses of heritage 604 156
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting Social/cultural uses of heritage 17 5
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses Social/cultural uses of heritage 25 7
Society's valuing of heritage Social/cultural uses of heritage 42 16
Civil unrest Other human activities 263 29
Deliberate destruction of heritage Other human activities 213 55
Illegal activities Other human activities 835 125
Military training Other human activities 4 4
Terrorism Other human activities 4 3
War Other human activities 191 31
Changes to oceanic waters Climate change and severe weather events 13 3
Desertification Climate change and severe weather events 13 3
Drought Climate change and severe weather events 25 5
Flooding Climate change and severe weather events 93 28
Other climate change impacts Climate change and severe weather events 37 13
Storms Climate change and severe weather events 102 35
Temperature change Climate change and severe weather events 16 7
Avalanche/ landslide Sudden ecological or geological events 30 9
Earthquake Sudden ecological or geological events 90 35
Erosion and siltation/ deposition Sudden ecological or geological events 156 34
Fire (widlfires) Sudden ecological or geological events 73 18
Tsunami/tidal wave Sudden ecological or geological events 3 2
Volcanic eruption Sudden ecological or geological events 9 4
Hyper-abundant species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 2 2
Invasive / alien freshwater species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 51 10
Invasive / alien marine species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 25 4
Invasive/alien terrestrial species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 127 35
Modified genetic material Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 0 0
Translocated species Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species 14 2
Financial resources Management and institutional factors 369 106
Governance Management and institutional factors 118 33
High impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 45 18
Human resources Management and institutional factors 307 99
Legal framework Management and institutional factors 424 130
Low impact research / monitoring activities Management and institutional factors 1 1
Management activities Management and institutional factors 471 114
Management systems/ management plan Management and institutional factors 2146 409
Threats by year (SOC reports)*
Threats* Year
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Buildings and Development
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Commercial development 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 4 4 1 2 4 4 14 11 5 5 4 6 5 1 3 3 5 5 6 3 8 9
Housing 0 1 0 0 1 1 3 1 1 4 1 8 10 7 11 16 15 21 21 23 21 17 37 47 37 46 60 58 71 55 64 52 54 52 50 48 58 50
Industrial areas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 2 4 0 0 1 1 0 2 1 3 2 3 2 1 4 1 3
Interpretative and visitation facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 2 0 5 1 4 8 4 10 8 8 5 7 6 9 4 8 6 6 7 8 10 13 14
Major visitor accommodation and associated infrastructure 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 5 4 4 3 8 6 5 7 3 8 7 3 9 16 13 22 18 23 13 15 21 14 23 20 22
Transportation Infrastructure
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Air transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 1 4 0 2 2 2 1 2 3 3 5
Effects arising from use of transportation infrastructure 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 1 6 4 2 2 3 5 7 6 4 1 3 10 8 6 7 10 15 8 14 4 7 4 6 8 8 8
Ground transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 1 3 3 1 3 5 6 4 7 12 11 12 15 20 22 26 30 17 23 32 16 21 28 28 28 23 28 24 26 26 30 31 38 29
Marine transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 2 5 3 3 5 3 3 5 1 1 2 6 7 7 8 8 7 7 6 7 8 7
Underground transport infrastructure 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 4 3 1 0 1 2 3 3 5 2 4 2 3 5 7 7
Services Infrastructures
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Localised utilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 2 1 2 3 3 2 4 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 2 0 4 2 1 3 3 4
Major linear utilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 0 2 3 4 3 5 3 6 6 3 3 4 3 4 1 3 4 4 5 6 3 6 5
Non-renewable energy facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 2 3 3 3 0 3 0
Renewable energy facilities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 2 1 1 2 0 3 1 2 3 4 6 5 4 5
Water infrastructure 0 1 2 3 4 4 3 2 2 1 3 6 6 5 2 4 3 6 5 4 7 4 6 7 10 9 13 12 10 14 11 15 13 14 15 17 19 15
Pollution
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Air pollution 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1 1 4 0 2 5 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 1 3 1 2 1 4 0 3 0 3 1 2 1 3
Ground water pollution 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 2 2 2 1 2 2 1 2 2 3 2 3 1 2 0
Input of excess energy 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 1 1 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 5 1 2 1 3 1 2 1 1 1 0 1 0 1 1
Pollution of marine waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 1 2 0 0 1 3 0 1 1 1 0 2 0
Solid waste 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 0 2 3 3 6 7 1 3 2 1 2 8 8 7 10 7 5 8 5 7 6 5 7 6 6 6
Surface water pollution 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 4 2 4 5 5 6 5 7 5 3 5 4 3 5 4 7 3 6 7 8 7 8 8 7 8 8
Biological resource use/modification
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Aquaculture 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Commercial hunting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 3 2 1 1 1 0 3 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 5 4
Commercial wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Crop production 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 2 1 0 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 2 7 10 11 3 4 3 6 3 2 4 5 1 7 3
Fishing/collecting aquatic resources 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 2 3 3 3 2 4 5 3 4 5 8 4 4 4 5 4 3 3 3 6 5 3 7 6 7
Forestry /wood production 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 4 4 2 5 6 5 6 5 1 6 2 4 6 4 5 6 4 0 4 3 3 5 5 8 6
Land conversion 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 1 2 6 6 7 9 8 7 9 13 15 9 18 11 9 14 17 17 22 20 23 22 23 26 29 27 34 25
Livestock farming / grazing of domesticated animals 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 0 1 1 2 2 3 5 2 4 4 4 5 6 7 5 7 10 6 10 11 12 15 11 13 16 16 12 15 15 15 13
Subsistence hunting 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 1 1 1 2 0 2 0 1 1 2 1 2 1 2 1
Subsistence wild plant collection 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1
Physical resource extraction
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Mining 0 0 0 1 1 3 1 1 2 2 2 2 3 5 5 5 9 11 9 14 15 10 10 9 12 14 12 13 16 18 17 20 18 20 20 22 20 21
Oil and gas 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 2 2 0 1 1 1 2 4 4 3 6 4 5 5 3 3 3 6 6 6 8 8 10 11 7 11 7 10
Quarrying 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 0 0 1 2 2 2 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 1 1 0 1 2 2 2 2 4
Water (extraction) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 3 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 1 2 1 2 2 2 3 4 2 2 2 5 2 3 5 3
Local conditions affecting physical fabric
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Dust 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Micro-organisms 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 1 2 1 1 0 1 0 1 0 0 0
Pests 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Radiation/light 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Relative humidity 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 3 2 0 0 4 2 4 5 5 2 3 2 2 3 4 1 2 3 2 3 2 3 1 0 1 1 1 1 1
Temperature 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 2 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Water (rain/water table) 0 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 4 3 0 1 7 5 6 6 9 4 5 6 4 11 17 7 9 10 8 9 7 9 9 11 7 8 6 12 7
Wind 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 3 1 1 1 2 1 0 0 1 1 2 1 4 3 1 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 2 1 2
Social/cultural uses of heritage
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Changes in traditional ways of life and knowledge system 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 3 2 3 4 3 3 2 3 2 2 3 4 3 4 4
Identity, social cohesion, changes in local population and community 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 3 5 4 3 9 7 8 8 9 11 12 16 19 10 17 13 15 16 21 13 17 14 19 12 13 13 16 12 17 13
Impacts of tourism / visitor / recreation 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 4 6 6 10 6 5 7 16 18 17 17 19 20 29 29 21 30 36 24 27 19 21 28 22 35 25 33 34 36
Indigenous hunting, gathering and collecting 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1
Ritual / spiritual / religious and associative uses 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 2 2 2 3 3 3 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 2 0 1 0 2
Society's valuing of heritage 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 2 3 2 3 1 1 1 1 3 2 3 2 0 1 0 4 3 6
Other human activities
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Civil unrest 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1 3 3 2 2 3 3 3 4 6 6 6 3 11 15 11 12 13 13 12 13 13 13 13 13 16 16 17 14
Deliberate destruction of heritage 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 2 2 4 2 3 4 5 4 8 12 9 8 10 14 18 14 13 12 12 10 10 10 12 10
Illegal activities 0 0 0 3 2 6 6 2 7 7 6 7 8 11 9 12 20 15 20 28 27 19 31 44 30 34 41 35 44 34 42 41 37 44 38 43 43 39
Military training 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0
Terrorism 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
War 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 3 3 4 3 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 6 6 5 7 6 6 5 5 9 15 15 15 16 22 23
Climate change and severe weather events
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Changes to oceanic waters 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 2 2 2 1 2 1
Desertification 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 1 0 1
Drought 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 2 2 1 0 2 2 3 1 3 1 2 2 2
Flooding 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 3 0 1 1 1 0 4 3 1 2 0 1 3 2 3 6 5 5 4 4 4 7 6 4 7 4 7 4
Other climate change impacts 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 2 2 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 2 4 3 3 2 3 4 4
Storms 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 4 3 1 4 10 11 11 1 1 3 2 0 2 1 2 2 2 6 4 5 6 4 3 4 3
Temperature change 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 1 0 3 2 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0
Sudden ecological or geological events
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Avalanche/ landslide 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 2 1 1 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 0 1 0 1 0
Earthquake 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 4 1 2 3 0 1 1 1 1 4 3 5 1 3 4 4 4 5 4 5 4 5 8 2 3 1 3 2 4
Erosion and siltation/ deposition 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 0 4 1 4 3 5 3 4 3 2 3 7 7 7 9 3 10 5 10 7 9 8 10 8 12 8
Fire (widlfires) 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 2 2 3 4 3 3 2 2 2 3 3 2 3 4 4 2 6 3 5 3 5 5
Tsunami/tidal wave 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Volcanic eruption 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 1 2 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Invasive/alien species or hyper-abundant species
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Hyper-abundant species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Invasive / alien freshwater species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 4 2 2 3 3 2 3 1 3 3 1 4 1 4 1 4
Invasive / alien marine species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1 1 2 1 2 2 2 2
Invasive/alien terrestrial species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 3 2 2 5 1 3 4 3 2 5 2 4 7 5 7 5 6 3 8 6 6 6 10 12 9
Modified genetic material 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Translocated species 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
Management and institutional factors
1979 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Financial resources 0 0 0 1 0 3 2 1 2 3 2 7 8 7 7 6 8 8 12 11 14 10 24 26 11 15 18 17 16 15 18 16 10 15 9 15 15 17
Governance 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 2 2 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 3 3 2 3 3 5 6 7 6 8 7 8 8 13 11 18
High impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 2 0 2 1 0 4 2 1 1 3 2 3 3 3 4 2 2 3 3 2
Human resources 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 5 5 6 6 2 4 5 4 10 6 26 21 11 15 18 11 19 9 16 13 13 13 13 15 20 18
Legal framework 0 1 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 3 8 10 9 8 13 10 6 6 6 6 21 26 15 17 12 15 13 18 19 23 24 23 21 28 30 31
Low impact research / monitoring activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Management activities 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 3 10 7 7 9 20 16 18 12 14 13 17 13 11 13 16 20 25 20 25 24 23 27 25 25 30 24
Management systems/ management plan 0 1 1 2 1 7 5 3 6 12 12 18 30 31 24 30 47 67 68 58 66 54 97 100 84 84 99 96 104 95 108 96 106 101 95 113 108 117
Properties
Categories

Regions

* : The threats indicated are listed in alphabetical order; their order does not constitute a classification according to the importance of their impact on the property.
Furthermore, they are presented irrespective of the type of threat faced by the property, i.e. with specific and proven imminent danger (“ascertained danger”) or with threats which could have deleterious effects on the property’s Outstanding Universal Value (“potential danger”).

** : All mission reports are not always available electronically.