1.         Coro and its Port (Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)) (C 658)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1993

Criteria  (iv)(v)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2005-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Proposed in the draft Decision.

Corrective measures identified

Proposed in the draft Decision.

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

a) The Presidential Commission was established in 2005 and the Framework Agreement with the local governments was signed in February 2006. It should become operational by 2008.

b) Development of conservation plan during 2007, implementation of priority actions in 2008.

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/658/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/658/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property: 2,000 Euros for technical mission within the framework of the France UNESCO Convention. This mission was complemented by the presence of a French expert from the General Inspection of Architecture and Heritage, Ministry of Culture.

Previous monitoring missions

Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring missions in 2002 and 2005; Expert mission in September 2006.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Serious deterioration of materials and structures;

b) Deterioration of the architectural and urban coherence and integrity of the property;

c) Lack of adequate management, planning and conservation mechanisms.

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/658/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2007

The previous reactive monitoring missions recommended inscribing the site of Coro and its Port on the List of World Heritage in Danger. The four sectoral analyses, entitled “PLINCODE”- (Integral Plan for the Conservation and Development of Coro, La Vela and its areas of influence), was transmitted by the State Party to the World Heritage Centre in February 2006. It identified eight key threats to the site and its environs and drafted an outline of an action plan.

A technical assistance mission carried out in September 2006,noted that the PLINCODE had been submitted to the authorities in August 2006, but at the time of the mission no official approval had been received. The mission also satisfactorily noted the increased presence and control of the IPC (Cultural Heritage Institute) on the ground, progress in the reinforcement of the Municipal Institutes for Heritage as well as the creation of a Multi-institutional technical council to gather the professional teams at the technical office for the Emergency project. As for implementation of actions, the rehabilitation of some buildings and the repair of drainage networks were partially undertaken, while the adaptation of public spaces was still pending. The PLINCODE was thoroughly analysed and the mission concluded that there were gaps in technical criteria for interventions and that a comprehensive conservation plan was missing. In addition, no prioritised course of action was set up.

It was also noted that awareness amongst the population on the values and significance of the World Heritage property is insufficient and that the local institutions do not identify themselves with the plan or get involved in its implementation.

In addition, the mission detected that interventions at several sites used materials which were not compatible with the original, and in disregard to the defined functions, thus risking to compromise not only the authenticity of the property but also its structural integrity. However, the mission also noted that the local capacity exists, which could implement these projects, and that further training initiatives could be promoted, such as the Escuela de Barro in La Vela and la Escuela Taller in Coro.

On 2 January 2007 the Director-General of the IPC transmitted two volumes on progress made within the implementation of the PLINCODE, submitted to the World Heritage Centre in lieu of a state of conservation report. This document mainly illustrates the implementation of the drainage systems and the rehabilitation of buildings in Coro and La Vela. It also announces the creation of a Technical Office (OTAE) to plan the investment of resources, formulate and revise intervention projects on infrastructure, buildings and public spaces in the property.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 31 COM 7A.31

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-07/31.COM.7A,

2. Recalling Decisions 29 COM 7B.92 and 30 COM 7A.33 adopted at its 29th (Durban, 2005) and 30th (Vilnius, 2006) sessions respectively,

3. Requests the State Party to verify whether the materials used for restoration works are compatible with accepted intervention techniques;

4. Requests the State Party to invite a World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS joint reactive monitoring mission to assess the progress made in improving the state of conservation of the property, and accordingly define the corrective measures and the desired state of conservation that will enable the Committee to define a timeframe for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger, that could include:

a) Presidential signature of the PLINCODE (Integral Plan for the Conservation and Development of Coro, La Vela and its areas of influence), submitted to the authorities on August 2006;

b) Effective functioning of the management structure and institutional arrangements foreseen in the PLINCODE, with sufficient allocated resources;

c) Comprehensive drainage systems completed as well as underground networks, public spaces, sidewalks and streets in the historical area rehabilitated;

d) Prioritized implementation of a comprehensive conservation plan;

5. Encourages the State Party to continue implementing the following corrective measures:

a) Obtain the official approval of the PLINCODE;

b) Reinforce the Framework Agreement for Emergency Intervention in the area of Coro and La Vela that the IPC signed with the mayors of the municipalities of Miranda and the regional government on 14 February 2006;

c) Create a Council to assist the Technical Office (OTAE) to plan the investment of resources, formulate and revise intervention projects on infrastructure, buildings and public spaces in the property;

d) Formulate and prioritize a comprehensive conservation plan to complement the existing PLINCODE, by defining a precise course of action with intervention criteria and monitoring mechanisms to assess its effective and adequate implementation;

e) Strengthen capacity building for conservation and restoration through the existing available opportunities in workshops with the schools of conservation in La Vela and in Coro;

f) Create awareness in the local community through exhibitions and community involvement;

6. Requests the State Party, in consultation with the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS, to develop a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value including the conditions of integrity and authenticity for examination Committee at its 32nd session in 2008;

7. Also requests the State Party to submit a progress report by 1 February 2008 for review by the Committee at its 32nd session in 2008 that should include the time-bound plan for the implementation of the recommendations of the 2002, 2005 and 2006 missions and the progress made in their implementation;

8.  Decides to retain Coro and its Port (Venezuela) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 31 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Following the examination of the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC-07/31.COM/7A and WHC-07/31.COM/7A.Add, WHC-07/31.COM/7A.Add.2, WHC-07/31.COM/7A.Add.3),

2. Decides to maintain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: