1.         Budapest, including the Banks of the Danube, the Buda Castle Quarter and Andrássy Avenue (Hungary) (C 400bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1987

Criteria  (ii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/400/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/400/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

20 to 22 March 2005 : World Heritage Centre-ICOMOS advisory mission ; 4 to 7 November 2007 : ICOMOS advisory mission.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

a) Inappropriate use of public areas and street amenities;

b) Lack of conservation of residential housing in the area inscribed as World Heritage;

c) Increased volume of traffic.

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/400/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2008

The main issue concerns the demolition of old buildings and the construction of new ones in their place in a part of the buffer zone, in particular the old « Jewish quarter » in the 6th and 7th districts:

a) Between 2004 and the present day, the demolition of several large or important buildings in this area may be noted. These buildings are of great architectural and urban quality. They date from the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century;

b) In the framework of real estate projects, these old buildings are replaced by higher buildings, of denser housing and mediocre architectural quality. They modify the urban integrity and authenticity of the quarter;

c) The urban regulations presently in force in the buffer zone would appear to be ill-adapted.

A clear negative effect to the urban value of the buffer zone and the outstanding universal value of the property is noticeable.

Demolition problems and reconstruction of old buildings in the Jewish quarter appear more to be an economic problem of rentable property rather than a heritage one. The buildings being demolished are generally of high architectural interest and conserve an evident contemporary urban potential that could lend itself to rehabilitation or restoration appropriate to the integrity of the property. 

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 32 COM 7B.94

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-08/32.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decisions 26 COM 23.10/11/12 and 27 COM 8C.2, adopted at its 26th (Budapest, 2002) and 27th (UNESCO, 2003) sessions respectively,

3. Expresses its utmost concern regarding the ongoing demolition of old buildings of great architectural and urban quality in the buffer zone of the inscribed property, particularly in the "Jewish quarter";

4. Also expresses its grave concern regarding the reconstruction, in their place, of contemporary buildings of questionable quality that profoundly transform the architectural and urban value of this quarter;

5. Requests the State Party to act, without delay, to:

a) re-examine, case by case, the demolition permits already granted with a view to equity with the holders of permits already granted, but giving priority to the conservation of the existing built heritage;

b) consider establishing an urban conservation and development plan for the buffer zone, fully respecting the principal architectural and urban values of each quarter, and for which enforcement would be stricter than it is at present in each quarter;

c) seek additional funding (for example tax incentives, grants) and in a dynamic manner, direct private building investment to rehabilitation operations and restoration rather than demolition and reconstruction;

6. Also requests the State Party to undertake archaeological work to identify the physical traces of the ancient ghetto and to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2009, a detailed report on the urban situation in the "Jewish quarter" and on conservation measures in force.

Decision Adopted: 32 COM 8D

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-08/32.COM/8D,

2. Recalling Decisions 30 COM 11A.2 and 31 COM 11A.2, adopted at its 30th (Vilnius, 2006) and 31st (Christchurch, 2007) sessions respectively,

3. Recalls that, as decided at its 31st session (Christchurch, 2007) by Decision 31 COM 11A.2, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies will not be able to examine proposals for minor or significant modifications to boundaries of World Heritage properties whenever the delimitation of such properties as inscribed is unclear;

4. Congratulates States Parties in the European Region and the States Parties of Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia on the excellent work accomplished in the clarification of the delimitation of their World Heritage properties and thanks them for their efforts to improve the credibility of the World Heritage List,

5. Takes note of the clarifications of property boundaries and sizes provided by the following States Parties in the European and Arab Regions in response to the Retrospective Inventory, as presented in the Annex of Document WHC-08/32.COM/8D:

6. Requests the European and Arab States Parties which have not yet answered the questions raised in 2005, 2006 and 2007 within the framework of the Retrospective Inventory to provide all requested clarifications and documentation as soon as possible and by 1 December 2008 at the latest.