1.         Historic Centre of Lima (Peru) (C 500bis)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1988

Criteria  (iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/500/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1989-2002)
Total amount approved: USD 94,500
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/500/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

1994: Systematic monitoring report UNDP/UNESCO; March-April 2003: Reactive monitoring mission ICOMOS.

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/500/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2009

The World Heritage Committee has examined the state of conservation of Lima in two prior occasions, noting the absence of a management coordination unit to coordinate all actions implemented at the place by the agencies and different levels of government. The lack of information on the implementation of the Master Plan was also underscored. A report on conservation issues at the property raised by NGOs was received by the World Heritage Centre during 2008. The evaluation on the information provided raised concerns that several interventions were being carried out or projected that could have an impact on the Outstanding Universal Value, authenticity and integrity of the property. Information was requested to the State Party on these projects during 2008, as per Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines.

On 11 January 2009, the State Party submitted information on projects pertaining to the Municipal Theatre, Corredor segregado for metropolitan Lima, the Cable Car, the Metropolitan Museum and the Casa de las Trece Puertas and Casa del Rastro. Due to impact that these interventions may have on the property, the World Heritage Committee decided to examine the state of conservation of the Historical Centre of Lima.


a) Municipal Theatre

In August 1998, the Municipal Theatre one of the most symbolic buildings, was severely affected by a fire. Assessment at the time indicated that significant damages occurred in all decoration but that no structural damage of importance was evidenced. In 2001 an integral plan for interventions at the Theatre and the surroundings was presented by a private consortium, which included architects and structural engineers. Within the framework of the project, a new assessment was carried out and structural damages were identified, which apparently precluded the restoration of certain elements and justified the need for reconstruction. In 2003, the National Institute of Culture (INC) issued a directorial resolution approving the project, including the intervention for the façade. No further information is provided to elucidate whether the project is being implemented or if it was finalised.

b) “Corredor segregado de alta capacidad” project

The project is related to the creation of corridor for high capacity urban transport. It was presented originally in 2005. In October 2008, a final Directorial Resolution did not authorise the project. The Protransport Metropolitan Institute submitted a new project proposal in November 2008, in which revisions were made according to the observations of technical bodies throughout the process. In December 2008, the National Technical Commission for Architecture and Urbanism, dependent on the INC, made a series of technical observations to the presented proposal. No additional information is presented on the current status of the project and whether the Resolution of October 2008 that does not authorise the project will be respected.

c) Cable car project

In 2006, the Lima Municipality requested the approval for the construction of a cable car to join two parks (La Muralla and Malecon del rio) with the Cerro de San Cristobal to both create a tourism attraction and to facilitate transportation for local inhabitants in those areas. The cable car will have an extension of 1.43 km and apparently will go over some parts of the Historic Centre and the area currently inscribed in the World Heritage List. However, the maps are not very clear and the actual area cannot be identified. Also, although images were included to assess the potential impact of the cable car on the visual integrity of the place, their low quality make that impossible to ascertain. Given that significant archaeological remains exist in La Muralla Park, no infrastructure works are foreseen there but rather in areas where modern infrastructure has already been developed. In January 2008, the INC approved the project by Directorial Resolution and in consideration of the technical assessment of the National Technical Commission for Architecture and Urbanism. No further indications are provided on the current status. Also no impact assessment studies for the project have been sent.

d) Metropolitan Museum

Information submitted only includes a brief project sheet. The objective is to remodel 11,300m2 of the building where the Ministry of Transport and Communications currently operates. The museum will include six exhibit areas, focused on the heritage of Lima, and will also house the Municipal Library and the historic and film archives of the city. No technical specifications for the interventions or projected architectural views are provided and no indication on whether the project has been authorised was included, which makes it difficult to evaluate the impact of the project in the historical building.

e) “Casa de las Trece Puertas and Casa del Rastro”

The report describes two projects to be undertaken in the block 05076 located next to the park la Muralla and located within the historical centre. The block 05076 includes five houses, among them Casa de las siete puertas and Casa del rastro whose intervention projects were outlined. Approval was granted for the interventions at Casa de las Trece Puertas in November 2004 to recover the building as a cultural space in the first floor and offices in the second. No detailed information on the project or its actual status was included.

The Casa del rastro, is part of the Municipal Programme for the Integral Urban Renovation of Lima, financed by the Municipal Fund for Urban Renovation. It is being developed in a participatory process including the inhabitants of the place. The programme focuses on improving the quality of life on current inhabitants at the historic centre with the renovation of housing developments almost in derelict state. The first phase of the project focuses on block 05076 and specifically in Casa del rastro, an area of approximately 2500 m2, where 71 housing spaces were developed, in very close location to the central monumental area. Prior to the construction, archaeological research was carried out. The architectural projections included in the report show a very modern building

The World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS remain concerned about the impact that the mentioned projects may have on the historic centre. The World Heritage Centre requested in February 2009 additional information on the state of conservation of the property in order to assess in detail any possible impacts of the proposed projects by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies.  

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 33 COM 7B.145

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-09/33.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 28 COM 15B.120, adopted at its 28th session (Suzhou, 2004),

3. Requests the State Party to submit more detailed technical information in regard to current intervention projects.

4. Urges the State Party to reconsider the construction of a cable car, considering the potential impacts on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property, and to implement the Directorial Resolution so that the Corredor Segregado is not constructed in light of the effects it would have on the Historic Centre,

5. Regrets that no specific information concerning Decision 28 COM 15B.120 was sent; and reiterates its request to provide updated information on the state of the management system, including the implementation of the Master Plan and the operation of the management unit;

6. Also requests the State Party, in consulation with the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, to develop a draft Statement of Outstanding Universal Value, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session in 2010;

7. Takes note of the projects presented by the State Party and also requests the State Party, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, to submit additional information on the current status and technical specifications for interventions at the Municipal Theatre, the Metropolitan Museum and the Municipal Programme for the Integral Urban Renovation of Lima, including an assessment of the potential impact of these programs on the Outstanding Universal Value of the property for review by the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS;

8. Also requests the State Party to invite a jointed World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission to the property to assess its current state of conservation and the potential impact of the proposed and approved projects on the Outstanding Univseral Value of the property;

9. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2010, a detailed report on the state of conservation of the property and on the progress made in the implementation of the above recommendations, for the examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 34th session in 2010.