1.         Prambanan Temple Compounds (Indonesia) (C 642)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1991

Criteria  (i)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/642/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1998-2006)
Total amount approved: USD 80,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/642/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount provided to the property: USD 250,000 Saudi Arabia Funds-in-Trust for Emergency Rehabilitation.

Previous monitoring missions

February 2006: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission. 

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports


Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/642/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2009

The main issue relating to the Prambanan Temple Compounds property is addressing the serious damage done by the earthquake of 27 May 2006 to all six temples in the property, the worst affected being the main temple of Siwa. At its 30th session (Vilnius, 2006), the World Heritage Committee called for a cooperative international effort to rehabilitate the property. Emergency funding was provided from the World Heritage Fund and, with the assistance of the World Heritage Centre and the UNESCO Jakarta Office, an International Expert Meeting was held at the property in March 2007 to define an Action Plan. This set out short and medium term actions under the following headings:

a) Management and coordination,

b) Research and monitoring,

c) Restoration and conservation,

d) Capacity building,

e) Awareness-raising.

At its 31st session (Christchurch, 2007) the World Heritage Committee recommended that the State Party work in close coordination with the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM and encouraged the International community to support the implementation of the Action Plan.

Prior to the earthquake, the Periodic Reporting cycle for Asia-Pacific region in 2003 identified some other problems confronting the property. These included concerns about the uneven distribution of authority, funding and conservation duties between the various local community and provincial and regional governmental agencies involved, and the need to transfer more of the enry fee income to the preservation and development of the property. It was, however, observed that a management development strategy was cbeing elaborated that included extending the management of the Prambanan temples to the cultural heritage located on the nearby hills, the creation of a planning and management body in the area, the introduction of environmental impact controls, and the revision of current regulations to enable improved community participation in cultural and environmental conservation activities. A Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS reactive monitoring mission visited the property in February 2006 but its recommendations were put aside when the earthquake struck several months later.

The State Party submitted its progress report on 30 January 2009. It reported that most of the programs in the Action Plan have now been executed and some have been expanded to accommodate ongoing changes in the condition of the property. The main items not achieved were the restoration strategy for Siwa Temple and subsequent restoration work.

It is noted that during 2008, both the Borobudur and Prambanan World Heritage properties were included in the list of National Vital Objects based on the Minister of Culture and Tourism Decree No. PM.34/HM.001/MKP/2008 on Securing National Vital Objects of Culture and Tourism. As a consequence, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism will work with the Indonesian Police Force to secure the Prambanan Temple Compounds.

With regards to the preparation of the Statement of Outstanding Universal Value for the property, the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies will provide assistance to the State Party in the preparation of the Statement, in the framework of the forthcoming periodic reporting exercise for the Asia Pacific region.


Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM


Decision Adopted: 33 COM 7B.73

The World Heritage Committee,

1. Having examined Document WHC-09/33.COM/7B,

2. Recalling Decision 31 COM 7B.83, adopted at its 31st session (Christchurch, 2007),

3. Notes with satisfaction that the continuing efforts made by the State Party towards the rehabilitation of the property, in co-operation with the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and other international partners, following the May 2006 earthquake, have led to the reopening of all damaged temples to the public;

4. Recommends to the State Party that it continues these efforts to make good the remaining earthquake damage, including the restoration of the Siwa Temple, as in the Action Plan defined at the International Expert Meeting of March 2007;

5. Encourages the international community to support the implementation of the Action Plan;

6. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2011, a report on the state of conservation of the property with information on the progress made in the implementation of the above-mentioned Action Plan, for the examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 35th session in 2011.