1.         Historical Centre of the City of Arequipa (Peru) (C 1016)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2000

Criteria  (i)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1016/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2001-2001)
Total amount approved: USD 75,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1016/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

February 2000: ICOMOS expert mission; July 2001: expert mission; August 2001: expert mission; April-May 2008: World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; November 2014: World Heritage Centre / ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1016/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2023

On 12 December 2022, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report. An executive summary of this report is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1016/documents/. Progress in a number of conservation issues addressed by the Committee at its previous sessions is presented in those reports, as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

It is noted that the State Party did not proceed with the approval of the previously submitted Master Plan 2019-2029 nor the submission of a minor boundary modification, both of which were foreseen in 2020. Alternatively, a new Master Plan 2022-2032 was prepared and it is now pending public consultation and approval by the Ministry of Culture and the Municipal Council.

The Master Plan 2022-2032 covers the areas that will be included in the future buffer zone. The plan defines seven strategies (Lineas Estrategicas) that include cultural promotion, housing and living conditions, mobility, rehabilitation of public areas, preservation of La Campina and the Chilli River Valley, preservation of the cultural heritage and governance and management. In addition to these, it also includes a zoning plan consisting of 14 sectors (Sectores de Tratamientos). It is recommended that the State Party be urged to approve the Master Plan 2022-2032 but to keep the World Heritage Centre informed in case any modifications would be introduced during the approval process of the Metropolitan Development Plan 2022-2042. It is also recommended that the State Party be urged to proceed with the minor boundary modification as early as possible.

It is reiterated that the mitigation measures proposed in the 2017 Heritage Impact Assessment of the Chilina Bridge and the Via Truncal Interconectadora project and the recommendations of the 2014 joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission report are essential for the preservation of the future buffer zone. These include the declaration as national heritage of the Archaeological Landscape of the Lari-Lari-Los Tucos Ravine, the Archaeological Cultural Landscape of Toccrahuasi and Carmen Alto and the Cultural and Archaeological Landscape of the Chilina River Valley and Las Rocas Ecological Park.

It is welcomed that the project for pedestrian circulation at the Plaza Mayor and Salaverry-Malecón Socobaya Viaduct has been rejected.

The approval of the new Master Plan 2022-2032 and the submission of a minor boundary modification are critical elements for the adequate management and protection of the property as proposed in the 2014 mission report and subsequent decisions of the World Heritage Committee. It is noted with satisfaction that regulations for the implementation of the Master Plan (Reglamento del Plan Maestro) are attached to the plan, and that they foresee in Article 131 the creation of an inter-institutional body (Superintendencia del Centro Histórico) that will oversee the management of the historic centre. This body will appoint a technical secretariat that will be responsible for making proposals for the management of the historic centre and the implementation of the Master Plan. This secretariat will need to be allocated sufficient human and financial resources for its operations.

Decision Adopted: 45 COM 7B.118

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/23/45.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 44 COM 7B.69 adopted at its extended 44th session (Fuzhou/online, 2021),
  3. Noting that a new Master Plan 2022-2032 has been prepared and is now in the approval process, urges the State Party to approve the Master Plan 2022-2032, and requests the State Party to inform the World Heritage Centre in case any modification would be introduced during the approval process of the Metropolitan Development Plan 2022-2042;
  4. Also requests the State Party to keep the World Heritage Centre informed as soon as the Master Plan is approved and to provide information about the measures that will be taken to ensure its implementation, in particular the creation of an inter-institutional body and the provisions of human and financial resources, that will be made for its operations;
  5. Reiterates the urgency to proceed with the submission of a minor boundary modification in accordance with Paragraphs 163-164 of the Operational Guidelines to formalise the boundaries of the property and its buffer zone;
  6. Also urges the State Party to conclude the declaration as national heritage of the Archaeological Landscape of the Lari-Lari-Los Tucos Ravine, the Archaeological Cultural Landscape of Toccrahuasi and Carmen Alto and the Cultural and Archaeological Landscape of the Chilina River Valley and Las Rocas Ecological Park;
  7. Encourages the State Party to continue its public awareness activities among local communities and residents;
  8. Further requests the State Party to ensure the full implementation of the mitigation measures included in the 2017 Heritage Impact Assessment of the Chilina Bridge and the Via Troncal Interconectadora and the recommendations of the 2014 joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to ensure the preservation of the future buffer zone;
  9. Welcomes the decision to abandon the pedestrian circulation project at the Plaza Mayor and Salaverry-Malecón Socobaya Viaduct,
  10. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2025, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 48th session.