1.         Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) (C 366)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1986

Criteria  (i)(iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1986-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1987-1998)
Total amount approved: USD 118,700
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

1997: ICOMOS mission; February 2007: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS and ICCROM mission; November 2010 and December 2014: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring missions

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2023

On 8 February 2022, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/documents/, and responds to previous decisions of the Committee and the adopted corrective measures as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The report of the State Party confirms again the professional manner in which the property is managed. The State Party should be commended for its continued commitment to the conservation and management of the property - through the approved Master Plan - and to the implementation of the programme of corrective measures to achieve the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR).

The State Party should also be commended for the archaeological emergency actions at the Nik An complex, the start of the preparation of a DRR Prevention Plan and the monitoring activities carried out by the PCCEHS.

With regard to the delimitation and regulation of the buffer zone, it is noted that the Ministry of Culture, in accordance with the work plan submitted in May 2021, has undertaken a survey of the area concerned and that PLANDET has advanced in the verification of the information through extensive field surveys. It is also noted that a coordinated work is ongoing between the Ministry of Culture, the Provincial Municipality of Trujillo and the district municipalities of Huanchaco, la Esperanza and Victor Larco Herrera to complete the regulations of the land uses of the buffer zone and that a comprehensive work plan has been established for this purpose. However, the final agreement on the regulation for the buffer zone that was scheduled for October 2021 has not been achieved. The elaboration and approval of a ‘specific plan’ that will include these regulations, within the framework of the Urban Development Plan of Trujillo, may be expected to be a long process during which further deterioration of the situation may occur. The State Party should be recommended to establish a timeline for the urgent finalization and approval of the ‘specific plan’ within the Urban Development Plan of Trujillo.

The same concern is expressed with regard to the amendment and implementation of Law No. 28261, which will allow the recuperation of illegally occupied land within the property and its buffer zone.

Both processes require the participation of, or actions by, multiple actors at the national, regional and local levels. It is recommended that the State Party be urged to strengthen coordination mechanisms at all levels and commit all stakeholders in order to accelerate the legal processes that are required as early as possible and put in place a timeframe for their resolution.

Regarding the road project ‘Autopista del Sol’, it is noted that no new information is provided.

Without the resolution of the above-mentioned two issues, the Committee will not be able to assess to what extent the DSOCR, as defined in its Decision 36 COM 7A.34, has been reached. It is therefore recommended that the Committee retain the property on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 45 COM 7A.20

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/23/45.COM/7A.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 44 COM 7A.37 adopted at its extended 44th session (Fuzhou/online, 2021),
  3. Welcomes the commitment of the State Party to implementing the Master Plan of the property and to providing the necessary funding for this purpose, and appreciates the continued research and monitoring activities of the Pan-American Conservation Centre for Earthen Heritage Sites (PCCEHS), as well as the implementation of a number of important conservation projects, public awareness and outreach activities;
  4. Commends the State Party for its continued commitment to the implementation of the Committee’s decisions and programme of corrective measures, as adopted in Decision 36 COM 7A.34, with the aim of achieving the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR);
  5. Notes however with regret that, although some progress has been made, two essential components of the programme of corrective measures have remained pending for several years, and urges once again the State Party to urgently take the necessary measures for enhanced coordination, commitment and a strict timeframe for:
    1. the delimitation and regulations of the proposed buffer zone,
    2. the implementation of the amended Law No. 28261 that would address the matter of illegal occupation;
  6. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2024, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session;
  7. Decides to retain Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 45 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/23/45.COM/7A, WHC/23/45.COM/7A.Add, WHC/23/45.COM/7A.Add.2, WHC/23/45.COM/7A.Add.3, WHC/23/45.COM/7A.Add.4),
  2. Having examined the recommendations of the Advisory Bodies, decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger:
3.    Recalls that the following properties were inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger at its 18th extraordinary session (UNESCO, 2023):