1.         Kizhi Pogost (Russian Federation) (C 544)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1990

Criteria  (i)(iv)(v)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/544/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1992-2001)
Total amount approved: USD 38,540
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/544/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

1992, 1993, 1994, 2011: ICOMOS missions; 2002: UNESCO/ICOMOS/ICCROM mission and on-site workshop; 2007, 2010 and 2013: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring missions; July 2014 and October 2015: ICOMOS Advisory missions; March 2018: ICOMOS Advisory mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/544/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2021

On 30 November 2020, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, a summary of which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/544/documents/. It provides information on measures implemented by the State Party in response to the decision adopted by the World Heritage Committee at its 43rd session (Baku, 2019) as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party details much progress on all aspects addressed in previous Committee Decisions. The restoration of the Church of the Transfiguration was undertaken to the highest possible standard and is deserving of admiration, as is the carefully considered monitoring programme.

The four alternative restoration strategies for the Church of the Intercession follow a careful scientific approach, including assessment through Impact Assessment protocols, already applied in the restoration process of the Church of the Transfiguration. The commitments to assess the alternative strategies through a HIA that focusses on the impact on the OUV of the property is welcomed. It is recommended that the Committee requests the State Party to provide the World Heritage Centre with the HIA, a description of the alternative strategies and technical details for the restoration, for review by the Advisory Bodies.

The establishment of the working group to coordinate activities on the sustainable development of the property, its buffer zone, and the larger area, should also be welcomed by the Committee.

The invitation for an ICOMOS Advisory mission is acknowledged and the delay of the mission due to the COVID-19 pandemic is noted. The Committee may request that the mission shall be organized as soon as the sanitary conditions will allow it in order to evaluate progress made by the State Party in regard to tourism development and buffer zone planning and developments, including the Master Plan for Velikaya Guba.

Equally commended are:

The efforts taken by the State Party to improve the healthcare conditions of the custodians, the staff of the Kizhi Pogost Museum are acknowledged. The Committee may request the State Party to continue the prioritization to improve the custodian’s living conditions.

Tourism and further general developments in the buffer zone and larger territory remain subjects of concern. The Committee may wish to request the State Party to provide more information on the developments, in particular related to the sustainable development in conjunction with traditional livelihoods and land use patterns. Very little detail is provided on developments in the buffer zone, including the Master Plan for the development of the Velikaya Guba settlement. It is, therefore, recommended that the Committee reiterate its request to the State Party to develop and submit a Sustainable Development Plan for the buffer zone and its wider territory, which focusses on the long-term appropriate settlement of the buffer zone in harmony with and in support of the attributes and OUV of the property.

Decision Adopted: 44 COM 7B.160

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 43 COM 7B.89, adopted at its 43rd session (Baku, 2019),
  3. Congratulates the State Party on the completion of the exemplary restoration of the Church of the Transfiguration and on the implementation of a continued monitoring programme of the structures within the boundaries of the property;
  4. Commends the State Party for:
    1. The establishment of the All-Russian Centre for Wooden Architecture Conservation at the Kizhi Open Air Museum, funded by the State Party,
    2. The legal protection of the forested areas of the buffer zone visible from the property,
    3. The continuous scientific research undertaken by the State Party and the Kizhi Open Air Museum,
    4. The ongoing development of a Master Plan for the property and Kizhi Island, taking into consideration the advice of the Advisory Bodies for the configuration of the entrance to the property, as well as the decision to put on hold any construction projects on the island, including the new entrance facility, until agreement has been reached on the details of the Master Plan,
    5. Progress made in tourism planning and development with focus on the beneficiation of the local community according to the Management Plan for the property;
  5. Welcomes the development of four alternative strategies for the restoration of the Church of the Intercession, including commitments to assess these through a Heritage Impact Assessment (HIA) that focusses on the impact on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property, and requests the State Party to submit the HIA, a description of the alternative strategies and technical details for the restoration to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies, before any final decisions on the approach or technical details of the restoration are made;
  6. Also welcomes the establishment of a working group to coordinate activities on the sustainable development of the property, its buffer zone and the larger area;
  7. Acknowledges the invitation from the State Party for an ICOMOS Advisory mission to visit the property, notes that this mission was delayed due to the global COVID-19 pandemic, and also requests that the mission shall be organized as soon as the sanitary conditions will allow it in order to evaluate progress made by the State Party in tourism development and buffer zone planning and developments, including the Master Plan for Velikaya Guba;
  8. Also acknowledges the efforts taken by the State Party to prioritize improvements to the healthcare facilities of the custodians of the property, the staff of the Kizhi Pogost Museum, and further requests that the State Party continue to prioritize the improvement of the custodians’ living conditions;
  9. Reiterates its requests to finalize the Sustainable Development Plan for the buffer zone and its wider territory to create sustainable conditions for the long-term appropriate settlement of the buffer zone in harmony with and in support of the attributes and OUV of the property and to submit the plan to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  10. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session.