1.         Tarnowskie Góry Lead-Silver-Zinc Mine and its Underground Water Management System (Poland) (C 1539)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2017

Criteria  (i)(ii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1539/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1539/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Factors identified at the time of inscription:

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1539/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2021

On 24 January 2020, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1539/documents/ and addresses recommendations made at the time of the inscription of the property in 2017 (Decision 41 COM 8B.25), as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

While the State Party reported that most of the Committee’s recommendations have been addressed, their level of achievement is uneven.

The protection of seven structures of the property has been finalized. However, it is not clear whether further above-ground structures exist within the property or within the buffer zone that support the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property and whether these are covered by national legal protection, as requested by the Committee’s recommendation. It is recommended that the Committee request the State Party to provide an inventory of those structures that are not yet protected.

Steps have been taken towards the establishment of a multidisciplinary scientific committee, however it is not yet in place and no clear timeframe is provided. The process of establishing the scientific committee should be expedited and a timeframe for its creation should be presented.

The State Party’s response to the Committee’s recommendation concerning the water pumping station at Adolph Shaft is very brief and is not supported by an explicit commitment from the Upper Silesian Water Supply Company to respect the OUV of the property and to ensure that their operations will not cause harm to its attributes.  Further information is necessary with regard to the mechanisms in place to ensure that water extraction will not have negative impacts on the property.

The proposal for an inventory of the underground elements of the property should certainly be welcomed: a plan and a timeframe would facilitate its implementation and the monitoring of its advancement. With regard to archaeological research, the State Party has explained the limits of carrying out direct research in the underground element of phase I and phase II, and has reported on other research projects carried out since inscription, including those focusing on the mining landscape, as recommended by the Committee. However, the Committee’s request to develop an archaeological investigation programme has not been addressed: this should include research themes and questions, priorities, areas to be researched, research options and methods, and a timeframe and resources.

The entry of the water tower adjacent to Kaehler Shaft onto the register of monuments is an important step towards its protection; however, this needs to be completed by the submission of the documents necessary for the inclusion of this element within the property. On the other hand, little progress seems to have been made in exploring the possibility of connecting character areas A5 and A4 above ground. The feasibility analysis of this extension should be finalized.

In summary, a number of requests made by the Committee remain outstanding. It is recommended that the Committee encourage the State Party to focus on their completion and implementation as soon as possible, and to keep the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies informed of their progress.

Decision Adopted: 44 COM 7B.53

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 41 COM 8B.25, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
  3. Takes note of the progress made by the State Party in implementing its recommendations;
  4. Welcomes the proposal for an inventory of the underground heritage elements of the property and invites the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre a plan and a timeframe for such an inventory;
  5. Requests the State Party to finalize and implement the legal protection at the national level of all above-ground structures within the boundaries of the property and its buffer zone that support the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV), and to provide to the World Heritage Centre an inventory of those structures that are not yet protected;
  6. Also requests the State Party to provide to the World Heritage Centre further information with regard to the mechanisms in place to ensure that water extraction at Adolph Shaft will not have negative impacts on the property, including by obtaining an explicit commitment from the Upper Silesian Water Supply Company not to harm the OUV of the property and its attributes, particularly the underground water chambers, in their operations;
  7. Reiterates its request to the State Party to develop an archaeological investigation programme with a focus on the underground element of phase I, to the extent possible, and of phase II, with a particular focus on the mining landscape;
  8. Further requests the State Party to finalize expeditiously and submit all necessary documentation for the addition to the property of the historic water tower immediately adjacent to Kaehler Shaft, and to conclude the feasibility analysis considering the extension of area A5 to join area A4;
  9. Encourages the State Party to set up expeditiously the multidisciplinary scientific Committee as an advisory body to the Steering Committee, to assist in scientific research programmes;
  10. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 46th session.