1.         City of Potosí (Bolivia (Plurinational State of)) (C 420)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1987

Criteria  (ii)(iv)(vi)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2014-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6969

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6969

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/6969

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/420/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1988-2015)
Total amount approved: USD 83,777
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/420/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: USD 10,000 for a World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS technical mission in 2005 financed by the Spanish Funds-in-Trust for World Heritage

Previous monitoring missions

May 1995 and November 2009: World Heritage Centre technical missions; November 2005 and February 2011: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS technical missions; December 2013 and January 2014: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring missions; May 2017: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS technical mission; October 2017 and May 2018: Technical missions facilitated by the World Heritage Centre

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/420/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2021

On 14 February 2020, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, the executive summary of which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/420/documents/, providing the following information:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The clear information provided by the State Party on the advances in the implementation of the Committee’s previous decisions, and on the state of each of the corrective measures, is appreciated. Given that many of the corrective measures to achieve the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR) will be implemented as part of the actions outlined in the IPMP, it is of utmost importance that this plan be formally approved by the relevant authorities and communicated to the local stakeholders, and that its implementation commence as soon as possible, with adequate resources in place.

While the clarification of the property’s boundaries was approved by the Committee at its 43rd session (Decision 43 COM 8D), the Minor Boundary Modification proposal remains pending, and the State Party will need to finalise and officially submit the proposal.

It remains of serious concern that the status of the Supreme Decree for the management and conservation of the Cerro Rico has not progressed in recent years. The approval of this instrument, or a suitable alternative, should be pursued with utmost urgency, in order to ensure the resources and management mechanisms needed to address several of the corrective measures related to the property’s mining productive heritage. Further, it is noted that the relocation programme for miners working illegally above the 4,400m limit is a complex issue that could take several years to fully implement.

The information provided on the enforcement challenges of municipal and national laws and regulations in the historic centre of Potosí, as illustrated by the example provided on the crypts and catacombs project, is worrisome. Finally, the State Party’s report that the property’s legal framework as a whole, including land use regulations, requires further consolidation suggests that significant work is needed on this aspect.

Decision Adopted: 44 COM 7A.35

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/21/44.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 43 COM 7A.48, adopted at its 43rd session (Baku, 2019),
  3. Takes note with appreciation of the efforts made by the State Party to implement the previous Committee decisions and the set of corrective measures for achieving the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR), and encourages the State Party to provide further documentation in annex that informs of the progress underway in greater detail;
  4. Takes note of the information submitted regarding the development of a Minor Boundary Modification for the establishment of the property’s buffer zone, and requests the State Party to submit the final proposal for a Minor Boundary Modification to the World Heritage Centre for review by the Advisory Bodies and approval by the World Heritage Committee, as per Paragraphs 163 and 164 of the Operational Guidelines, as soon as it is available, and to ensure that the buffer zone is adequately reflected in the relevant legal framework and planning instruments for the property;
  5. Urges the State Party to officially approve the Integrated and Participatory Management Plan (IPMP) for the property and ensure its full implementation with adequate resources in place;
  6. Also urges the State Party to approve the Supreme Decree, or a suitable alternative instrument, for the management and conservation of the Cerro Rico, in order to ensure the appropriate resources and mechanisms needed to address long-standing and serious concerns related to the property’s productive mining heritage;
  7. Also requests the State Party to continue its work related to the delivery, consolidation and enforcement of the legal framework and regulations related to the entire property, in order to ensure that heritage requirements are adequately considered and respected in the management of the property and implementation of future projects, such as that mentioned at the crypts and catacombs in the historic centre;
  8. Further requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2022, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 45th session;
  9. Decides to retain City of Potosí (Bolivia (Plurinational State of)) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 44 COM 8B.66

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Documents WHC/21/44.COM/8B.Add and WHC/21/44.COM/INF.8B1.Add,
  2. Refers the proposed buffer zone of the City of Potosí, Plurinational State of Bolivia, back to the State Party in order to allow it to:
    1. Elaborate a clear description of the limits of the buffer zone and clarify the rationale for the delineation of these boundaries, by taking into account the protection of the visually sensitive areas around the property, as mentioned in the Decision 38 COM 7B.38 (Doha, 2014),
    2. Provide clear information on the legal and management aspects, such as land use regulations, that are applied in the regulation of the newly defined buffer zone, in order to understand how the buffer zone will provide an added layer of protection to the property, in compliance with paragraphs 104 and 105 of the Operational Guidelines,
    3. Explain the scope of the different regulations in place in the buffer zone, especially regarding the overlapping of the different protection mechanisms.

Decision Adopted: 44 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/21/44.COM/7A, WHC/21/44.COM/7A.Add, WHC/21/44.COM/7A.Add.2, WHC/21/44.COM/7A.Add.2.Add),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: