1.         Diyarbakır Fortress and Hevsel Gardens Cultural Landscape (Turkey) (C 1488)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2015

Criteria  (iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 0
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

N/A

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019

On 4 December 2018, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1488/documents/ and addresses the recommendations of the World Heritage Committee as follows:

The State Party has invited the joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission requested by the Committee (41 COM 7B.50) and stated that the World Heritage Centre will be informed about the feasible dates to carry out this mission as soon as possible.

The State Party submitted numerous documents as annexes. Many of these, including an HIA for the Landscaping Project for Areas Outside Diyarbakir City Walls, the 2014 Master Plan Implementation Guide for Suriçi Area in Sur District of the Province of Diyarbakır and the 2017 Sur Urban Design Guide were submitted in Turkish in conformity with Decision 41 COM 7B.50.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

In its report, the State Party provided information on the rehabilitation of Suriçi District including the Urban Conservation Plan and its Operational Plan, as well as the Urban Design Plan. Although the information and the visualization concerning the works completed in the property and its buffer zone have been provided, it is regrettable that the reconstruction works have started before the Reactive Monitoring mission has taken place. The carrying out of the mission has become a matter of utmost urgency considering that no details of the urban rehabilitation projects have been submitted by the State Party, and that the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS receive numerous third parties information.

Regarding the HIA report on the Tigris River Rehabilitation Project submitted by the State Party in February 2019, the World Heritage Centre has requested the State Party to provide in one of the working languages, the project documentation on which the HIA is based, in order to comprehensively examine the HIA report. Upon reception, the Advisory Bodies will carry out a technical review. It is recommended that no work proceeds on this project until this review process has been completed.

However, the Tigris Valley Project and Tigris Valley Eastern Suriçi Landscaping Project have not yet been assessed through HIAs and the revised version of the Conservation Plan in 2016 has not been submitted for review by the Advisory Bodies.

The State Party should be requested to halt the reconstruction and rehabilitation projects in progress or under planification in the property and its buffer zone which may have an impact on the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property until such time as a Reactive Monitoring mission has visited the property and its conclusions are known. It is also recommended that the State Party continue to revert to the 2012 Conservation Plan until such time as the 2016 revisions have been reviewed by the Advisory Bodies. The State Party should also be requested to submit the projects documentation and results of all HIAs, including a section on the potential impact of the projects on the OUV of the property, in a working language of the World Heritage Convention (English or French).

Given that the State of Emergency in the area has ended, it is recommended that the Committee urge the State Party to determine as soon as possible the appropriate dates for a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to assess the overall state of conservation of the property.

Decision Adopted: 43 COM 7B.90

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7B.Add,
  2. Recalling Decision 41 COM 7B.50, adopted at its 41st session (Krakow, 2017),
  3. Notes the work carried out by the State Party to rehabilitate and protect the property and its buffer zone; however regrets that the reconstruction work has started before the mission has taken place and its conclusions known and before Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) were undertaken for all projects and submitted for review by the Advisory Bodies;
  4. Request all projects that could affect the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property be halted until the recommendations of the Reactive Monitoring mission are known and adopted by the Committee;
  5. Also notes that the 2012 Conservation Plan for the property was modified and therefore also requests the State Party to halt the implementation of the 2016 Conservation Plan and to revert to the 2012 Conservation Plan until the revised Conservation Plan has been submitted to the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies, for review;
  6. Reiterates its request to the State Party to carry out HIAs for urban design, landscape and infrastructural projects which may have an impact on the OUV of the property, in conformity with the ICOMOS Guidance on HIAs for Cultural World Heritage, before these projects are implemented;
  7. Recommends that the urban dimension of the property and its buffer zone be fully reflected in the policies, measures and tools adopted to ensure the conservation of the property; using if necessary the approach carried by the UNESCO Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape (2011);
  8. Thanks the State Party for the invitation for a joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission to evaluate the overall state of conservation of the property; and urges the State Party to inform the World Heritage Centre on the possible dates for the mission;
  9. Finally requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.