Year of inscription on the World Heritage List 1979
Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger N/A
Previous Committee Decisions see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87/documents/
Requests approved: 0
Total amount approved: USD 7,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87/assistance/
UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds
Total amount granted: USD 1,131,000from the Japanese Funds-in-Trust 2002-2004 and 2008 (wall paintings restoration in the tomb of Amenophis III)
Previous monitoring missions
2001: ICOMOS mission; 2002: hydrology expert mission; July 2006 and May 2007: World Heritage Centre missions; April 2008, May 2009 and April 2017: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS missions
Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports
Illustrative material see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87/
Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019
On 5 December 2018, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/87/documents/ and reports on progress in implementing Committee Decisions and current projects, as follows:
The State Party has also provided information on the establishment of a Supreme Committee for the Management of World Heritage Sites in Egypt. The committee is composed of fourteen representatives from different Ministries and institutions. Its mandate is to develop a strategic vision for management, protection and preservation of World Heritage properties in Egypt.
Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM
The preparation of a revised Statement of OUV for the property is welcome as an essential foundational document for the much-needed Management Plan, as well as for the revision of the 2030 Masterplan, which should integrate conservation of OUV across all projects at the property. The revised Statement of OUV will still need to be reviewed by the Advisory Bodies before it is formally adopted by the Committee.
Capacity building and training initiatives of the State Party, in conjunction with the UNESCO Cairo Office, ARC-WH and the African World Heritage Fund are also welcome. On the other hand, the slow progress in developing the Management Plan, incorporating a Conservation Plan and related comprehensive Tourism Management Plan, remains a major concern. As recommended by the 2017 Reactive Monitoring mission, an Integrated Management Plan (IMP) that focuses on conservation and protection should be established to guide the State Party’s actions within the property and its buffer zone, while initiatives related to social and economic development of local inhabitants should not adversely affect the property’s OUV, in accordance with the World Heritage Sustainable Development Policy. The State Party has not provided a report on implementation of the recommendations from the 2017 mission, as requested by Decision 41 COM 7B.76.
The neglect of important modern heritage, namely Hassan Fathi’s buildings in New Gourna, was raised in previous reports. The UNESCO Cairo Office has informed on the future implementation of the project for rehabilitating of five unique buildings built by the architect Hassan Fathy in the village of New Gourna Village, Luxor. The five buildings to be restored under this project financed by the Egypt Special account are the Mosque, Hassan Fathy’s House, the Theatre, the Khan, and the Market in the village. The project has been launched in cooperation with the National Organization for Urban Harmony, under the Ministry of Culture. The works aim at maintaining the traditional earthen architecture (mud bricks), methodology, and techniques that were initially implemented by Hassan Fathi during the middle of the twentieth century. It focuses on urgent reconstruction and restoration to prevent further deterioration. The project is considered as a first step in revitalizing the village and contributing to the sustainable development of the local community.
Although some actions recommended by previous Committee Decisions have been taken, other high-priority actions are not yet implemented. These include the riverbank’s landscaping, traffic control, visual impact and draining problems of its retaining wall, and its connection with the Karnak temple and plaza.
As noted in previous mission reports and Committee Decisions, the property remains at risk from substantial and cumulative adverse impact on the OUV from new projects implemented within the property and its buffer zone. Ongoing threats to the authenticity and integrity of the property include natural decay and structural problems, absence of effective and comprehensive management arrangements at national and local levels, lack of a Conservation Plan for the property, and limits to available technical and human resources. The management of the property continues to be affected by over-emphasis on tourism development.
The State Party has reported on a number of projects; however, full information about all projects has not been submitted. It is therefore recommended that the Committee remind the State Party of the need to comply with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines, and to provide both previously-requested documentation on projects, as well as on new projects (currently in progress or proposed), including Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs) with a section focusing on the OUV of the property, whenever necessary. These include the lighting and security cameras project, the underground water project design and implementation, flood channeling and the Flood Emergency Plan established for the Valley of the Kings and the Valley of the Queens, archaeological excavation and restoration works at the Avenue of Sphinxes, restoration and rehabilitation works at the Temple of the Apt, and works at the Temple of Medinet Habu, the Ramesseum, and the Temple of Seti I.
Decision Adopted: 43 COM 7B.43
The World Heritage Committee,