1.         Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) (C 366)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1986

Criteria  (i)(iii)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    1986-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Corrective measures identified

 Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/4647

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1987-1998)
Total amount approved: USD 118,700
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

N/A

Previous monitoring missions

1997: ICOMOS mission; February 2007: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS and ICCROM mission; November 2010 and December 2014: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring missions

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019

On 7 February 2019, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, which is available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/366/documents/, responding to the previous Decision of the Committee and the adopted corrective measures, as follows:

On 6 February 2019, the State Party submitted a separate dossier in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines on the possible widening of the Trujillo ring road (from 2 to 4 lanes), which crosses the property boundaries and buffer zone. The Ministry of Transport and Communication considers the widening of the road between Trujillo and Sullana, which is part of the Pan-American Highway, as a necessity, while the Ministry of Culture is of the view that such an expansion is not in line with the Master Plan and national legislation, and would negatively affect the property.

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party should be commended for its continued commitment to the conservation of the property and for its sustained efforts to implement the current Master Plan and the corrective measures identified by the Committee with the view to achieving the DSOCR.

It should be recognized that numerous activities were implemented in 2018, particularly through the PIPs and the PECACH programme in the areas of research, conservation, documentation, cleaning, maintenance, monitoring and awareness raising that have contributed to the overall protection of the property. The robust programme of public use activities are designed to strengthen community involvement, create economic opportunities, and encourage the preservation of traditional knowledge and intangible heritage elements. It may be concluded that important advances have been made in the implementation of the corrective measures and the achievement of the DSOCR.

It should be noted, however, that once again, no substantial progress has been made in the implementation of the three remaining key issues that the Committee identified in its Decision 41 COM 7A.26, namely:

It should be reiterated that these are essential components of the programme of corrective measures that have been awaiting implementation for many years. Without them, the DSOCR cannot be achieved. It is therefore recommended that the Committee urge again the State Party to proceed with these issues as a matter of extreme urgency. Without the conclusion of these matters and proof of their effectiveness, the Committee will not be able to assess to what extent the DSOCR, as defined in its Decision 36 COM 7A.34, has been reached.

In March 2019, ICOMOS undertook a Technical Review of the proposed widening of the Trujillo ring road, which concludes that the project presented by the Ministry of Transport and Communications, in its present form, clearly endangers the integrity of the property, as well as its Outstanding Universal Value. Based on the available documentation, it is recommended that the State Party either a) improve the existing road ("pre-existing infrastructure") without widening it, and accompany any intervention with the necessary archaeological supervision, or b) identify a new trajectory for the road outside of the World Heritage property and its buffer zone. In the case that a new trajectory is identified, the existing road could be abandoned, recuperating an important aspect of the property's integrity and avoiding present and future problems connected to construction rubble and garbage disposal along the road, as well as future development pressures.

Decision Adopted: 43 COM 7A.51

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/19/43.COM/7A,
  2. Recalling Decision 42 COM 7A.11, adopted at its 42nd session (Manama, 2018),
  3. Commends the State Party for its continued commitment to the implementation of the Committee’s decisions and programme of corrective measures, with the aim of achieving the Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger (DSOCR);
  4. Welcomes the progress made in the implementation of the current Master Plan through the Public Investment Projects, the Pan American Conservation Centre for Earthen Heritage Sites (PECACH), among others initiatives;
  5. Notes with deep regret that three essential components of the programme of corrective measures, as adopted in Decision 36 COM 7A.34, have remained pending for several years, and urges once again the State Party to take the necessary measures for the formal approval of the updated Master Plan, the formal delimitation and regulation of the proposed buffer zone, which is pending due to the lack of response from the management office of the Trujillo Provincial Municipality’s Urban Development Plan, as well as the implementation of the amended Law 28261 that would address the matter of illegal occupation;
  6. Considers that the proposal to widen the existing Trujillo ring road that passes through the property and the buffer zone endangers the property’s integrity and Outstanding Universal Value, and strongly urges the State Party to either improve the existing road or alternatively identify a new trajectory outside of the World Heritage property and its buffer zone;
  7. Requests the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 February 2020, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, along with an assessment of the level of implementation of the effectiveness of all corrective measures, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020;
  8. Decides to retain Chan Chan Archaeological Zone (Peru) on the List of World Heritage in Danger.

Decision Adopted: 43 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/19/43.COM/7A, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.2, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.3 and WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.3.Corr),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: