1.         Abu Mena (Egypt) (C 90)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  1979

Criteria  (iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger    2001-present

Threats for which the property was inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger

Desired state of conservation for the removal of the property from the List of World Heritage in Danger

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1279

Corrective measures identified

Adopted, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1279

Timeframe for the implementation of the corrective measures

Adopted, see page http://whc.unesco.org/en/decisions/1279 but outdated and needs to be revised

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 2001-2014)
Total amount approved: USD 7,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds


Previous monitoring missions

2002: Expert mission; 2005, 2009 and 2012: Joint World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring missions; 2018: UNESCO and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2019

On 28 January 2019, the State Party submitted a report on the state of conservation, which is available at https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/90/documents/ and provides information on a number of conservation issues addressed by the Committee at its previous sessions, as follows:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The State Party has commenced implementation of some corrective measures (adopted in 2006), including the removal of new constructions and a condition survey and Action Plan to address physical conservation of archaeological remains, but a comprehensive Conservation Plan addressing all of the significant components of the property is still required. Although the Ministry of Antiquities is to work on developing a comprehensive Integrated Management Plan, this has now been sought for more than a decade, including through Decisions 41 COM 7A.32 and 42 COM 7A.17. The attributes that contribute to the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property have deteriorated over this period. The timeframe for the completion of corrective measures (adopted in 2007 for completion by 2010), requires updating.

The establishment of the Supreme Committee for the Management of World Heritage Sites in Egypt, the preparation of the urgent plan to address the rising underground water table, the contract for necessary investigations and the allocation of funds for a de-watering project are all positive steps in addressing longstanding and substantial threats to the OUV of the property and should contribute to the implementation of corrective measures.

A long-term sustainable solution for the rising water level needs to be pursued. The condition survey, completed by specialists from the Ministry of Antiquities, and the resulting Action Plan should assist with the implementation of appropriate monitoring and mitigation measures needed to avoid further deterioration.

The recommendations of the 2018 expert mission are welcome, and should be promptly addressed and implemented. Further removal of encroachments is also welcome, as is the decision to defer construction of the visitor centre.

Despite the progress noted above, the State Party has not yet submitted details of all on-going or planned restoration interventions at the property, particularly at the Great Basilica, nor information about the reburial strategy, for review prior to implementation, as requested in Decisions 40 COM 7A.9, 41 COM 7A.32 and 42 COM 7A.17. It is recommended that the Committee remind the State Party of its obligations to submit to the World Heritage Centre, for review by the Advisory Bodies, detailed information, including Heritage Impact Assessments (HIAs), for projects proposed within the property or its buffer zone, before commencement, in accordance with Paragraph 172 of the Operational Guidelines.

The previous proposal for a minor boundary modification, first proposed in 2016, will be considered by the newly-created Supreme Committee for the Management of World Heritage Sites in Egypt as part of a wider programme to prepare detailed maps of all Egyptian World Heritage properties. It would be necessary to consult with the World Heritage Centre and ICOMOS regarding any proposed modification of the boundaries of both the property and buffer zone, in line with Paragraphs 163-165 of the Operational Guidelines.

Decision Adopted: 43 COM 8C.2

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined the state of conservation reports of properties inscribed on the List of World Heritage in Danger (WHC/19/43.COM/7A, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.2, WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.3 and WHC/19/43.COM/7A.Add.3.Corr),
  2. Decides to retain the following properties on the List of World Heritage in Danger: