1.         Tiwanaku: Spiritual and Political Centre of the Tiwanaku Culture (Bolivia (Plurinational State of)) (C 567rev)

Year of inscription on the World Heritage List  2000

Criteria  (iii)(iv)

Year(s) of inscription on the List of World Heritage in Danger  N/A

Previous Committee Decisions  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/567/documents/

International Assistance

Requests approved: 0 (from 1995-1995)
Total amount approved: USD 4,000
For details, see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/567/assistance/

UNESCO Extra-budgetary Funds

Total amount granted: USD 870,000 for the project “Preservation and Conservation of Tiwanaku and the Akapana Pyramid” (UNESCO/Japan Funds-in-Trust for World Heritage)

Previous monitoring missions

August 2002: Experts Mission; November 2007: World Heritage Centre Preparatory mission; February-March 2009: World Heritage Centre Technical mission for the implementation of the JFIT project; November 2009: World Heritage Centre/UNESCO Quito Office Monitoring mission; November 2010: World Heritage Centre/ICOMOS Reactive Monitoring mission; August 2012: World Heritage Centre mission; April 2014: ICOMOS Advisory mission

Factors affecting the property identified in previous reports

Illustrative material  see page https://whc.unesco.org/en/list/567/

Conservation issues presented to the World Heritage Committee in 2018

On 19 December 2017, the State Party submitted a state of conservation report, available at http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/567/documents/. Moreover, the complete version of the Management Plan in Spanish was received on 13 February 2018. In the report, the State Party addresses the following:

Analysis and Conclusions of the World Heritage Centre, ICOMOS and ICCROM

The elaboration and submission of a comprehensive Management Plan for the property should be commended. ICOMOS’ comments on the Management Plan are as follows:

In order to complement and complete the Management Plan it is recommended to:

Considering the additional factors that influence the proper management and conservation of the property, it is also recommended that the State Party:

Decision Adopted: 42 COM 7B.34

The World Heritage Committee,

  1. Having examined Document WHC/18/42.COM/7B,
  2. Recalling Decision 40 COM 7B.2, adopted at its 40th session (Istanbul/UNESCO, 2016),
  3. Notes with appreciation the efforts made by the State Party to maintain the key attributes that convey the Outstanding Universal Value (OUV) of the property;
  4. Recognizes the contribution of the UNESCO/Japan Funds-in-Trust (JFIT) for the project “Preservation and conservation of Tiwanaku and the Akapana Pyramid” to improve the level of conservation and management of the property;
  5. Acknowledging the submission of the Management Plan for the property, requests the State Party to incorporate ICOMOS’ comments and to provide an electronic copy of the revised and officially approved Management Plan;
  6. Regrets that the State Party did not submit the Integral Conservation Plan (ICP) requested in past Decisions and urges it to submit the finalized version by 1 December 2018, for review by the World Heritage Centre and the Advisory Bodies;
  7. Also requests the State Party to give priority to efforts to guarantee the optimal state of conservation of the identified attributes that convey the property’s OUV prior to pursuing any new archaeological projects, and to ensure that this priority is clearly defined in the ICP;
  8. Reiterates its request to formalize the buffer zone extension and regulations for the urban and rural zones, involving the relevant local and national authorities, to enable the integral protection of the entire property, and further requests that, following this approval, the State Party submits a formal Minor Boundary Modification request, as per Paragraph 164 of the Operational Guidelines;
  9. Recommends that the State Party continue and improve the awareness-raising campaigns, and its communication with and the participation of the local communities in the region in regard to the property’s conservation and management objectives, especially with the communities in the buffer zone;
  10. Requests furthermore the State Party to submit to the World Heritage Centre, by 1 December 2019, an updated report on the state of conservation of the property and the implementation of the above, for examination by the World Heritage Committee at its 44th session in 2020.